Danish agriculture
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Danish Agriculture. Birgitte Wiedemann Daabeck Senior International Advisor Business Development. Danish Agriculture and Food Council. Umbrella organisation formed in 1919 Merged with member organisations in 2009 for stronger political impact and improved efficiency

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Danish Agriculture

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Danish agriculture

Danish Agriculture

Birgitte Wiedemann Daabeck

Senior International Advisor

Business Development


Danish agriculture and food council

Danish Agriculture and Food Council

  • Umbrella organisation formed in 1919

  • Merged with member organisations in 2009 for stronger political impact and improved efficiency

  • Financed, owned and controlled by farmers and cooperatives

  • Representing the entire chain of production "from the stable to the table - primary producers, sectors and cooperatives


A few facts about danish agriculture

A Few Facts about Danish Agriculture

  • 61% of Denmark's total area is cultivated - 2.6 mill. Ha

  • >50% grain; 20 – 30% forage crops

  • 6% organic (total farms+ total area)

  • 42,100 farms (vs. 140,000 in 1970)

  • 1,300 horticulture producers (500 ha.)

  • Average farm size 63 ha. (vs. 21 ha. in 1970)

  • Labour force, agriculture primary production 2.5%

  • The industry accounts for 3% of GDP

  • 20 mill. slaughter pigs per year

  • 9,7 mill. live piglets and sows exported

  • 512,808 dairy cows (9,138 kg milkpercow)

  • Producing food for 15 million people

  • Total exports EUR 20 billion including agro industrial products


Farms and cooperatives structural development

Farms and cooperatives - structural development


Characteristics of danish agriculture

Characteristics of Danish Agriculture

The farmer

  • Owns and operates his own farm

  • Is well educated and participates regularly in educational activities

  • Is member of a farmer organisation

  • Sells and buys most of his product through farmer owned cooperatives

  • Employs only few technical staff - uses instead advisory services


Danish agriculture

30,000 farms larger than 10 hectares


Evolution of farms in denmark

Evolution of farms in Denmark

1950: 208,000 Farms

2005: 20,000 Farms

30,000 Part time farmers

2015: 5-7,000 Farm enterprises

30,000 Part time farmers


Danish agriculture

The role of the farmer is changing

  • From skilledcraftsman

  • Doing all the farm work

    • Milking and feeding

    • Field work

    • Monitoring the herd

  • To manager

  • Formulation of strategy

  • Management of staff

  • Management of production and economy

  • Monitoring the herd by use of technology


Danish agriculture

Enterprise Farms and Customer Profiles

Value added

Multi-sites

-Portfolio

Bulk

- More ofthe Same


Danish agriculture

The Danish farmer demands

  • Excellent professional skills

  • Customer focus – individualtreatment

  • Commitment to the task at hand

  • Focus on innovation and business


Facts figures denmark

Facts & Figures - Denmark

  • Export: 20 billion euros

  • 20 % of total DK export

  • 37 % of total DK export to BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China)

  • Export to 130 countries

  • German is our largest market

  • DK is a leader in organic food and food ingredients

  • Carlsberg, Arla Foods and Danish Crown are the largest companies

  • Dansk Supermarked is retailer no. 1

  • Source: Landbrug & Fødevarer,


Denmark is recognized as the most innovative country in europe for food innovation

Denmark is recognized as the most innovative country in Europe for food innovation

Source: LEI Wageningen UR Report 2013-036


The danish way

The Danish Way!

  • Well educated farmers

  • Only farmers who graduate from an agricultural college can run a farm

  • Strong organisation of farmers

  • Clear division between private and public responsibilities

  • Gradual readjustment of advisory service from public subsidised to private organisation

  • Strong knowledge based services with customer focus

  • Strong cooperative sector

  • Levies finance research and development


Danish agriculture

Lessons learned

  • Recognised public interest in agricultural development and food production value chains led to enabling policy environment

  • Self-organisation by farmers

  • Grass-root development – built on farmers’ private commercial interest

  • Impartiality of advisers – ensured farmers’ interests

  • Organisational learning created capacity for lobby and advocacy

  • Education and knowledge were both preconditions and tools


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention!


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