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Presented by Alain M. Azencott, MD Centre de Chirurgie Vasculaire (Cannes). Practice Group Logo here. THE SITUATION. Over 15,000 people in the U.S. died last year from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). AAAs are the tenth leading cause of death in men over 50.

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slide1

Presented by Alain M. Azencott, MD Centre de Chirurgie Vasculaire (Cannes)

Practice Group Logo here

the situation
THE SITUATION
  • Over 15,000 people in the U.S. died last year from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).
  • AAAs are the tenth leading cause of death in men over 50.
  • An estimated 1 million men and women worldwide are living with undiagnosed AAAs.

Could your patient have an undiagnosed AAA?

aaa essentials
AAA ESSENTIALS

Definition

  • Diameter of the aorta 1.5 times greater than normal.
  • Most are infrarenal, and a significant number extend down into one or both iliac arteries.
aaa essentials4
AAA ESSENTIALS

Scope of the Challenge

  • Approximately 200,000 are diagnosed in the U.S. each year.
      • 15,000 Americans died of this condition in 2007.
      • 75% produce no symptoms.
      • 75% are detected incidentally – usually during imaging scans.
  • Mortality rate: When AAAs rupture, only 18% of patients survive.
who is most at risk
WHO IS MOST AT RISK?

Primary Risk Factors

  • Men over 60
      • Men are four times more likely to develop AAAs, but 20% do occur in women.
  • Smokers
      • Current smokers are seven times more likely to develop AAA than non-smokers.
      • Former smokers are three times more likely.
  • Family History
      • 20% of AAA patients have a relative with the condition.
who is most at risk6
WHO IS MOST AT RISK?

Secondary risk factors:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular disease
symptoms
SYMPTOMS

Although there are frequently no symptoms, AAA symptoms may include:

  • Pain or tenderness in the lower back, abdomen or side
  • Throbbing in the abdomen
  • Indications of rupture may include:
      • Lightheadedness
      • Sweating
      • Clammy skin
      • Nausea
diagnosis
DIAGNOSIS
  • Physical examination of abdomen
      • Abdominal tenderness may indicate an AAA
  • Bruit over the aorta
  • Palpable mass
      • Not effective in obese patients and/or those with an AAA under 2 cm in diameter
  • Usual: abdominal ultrasound >80% accurate
  • As required: MRI, CT or other imaging systems
  • Angiography rarely indicates
treatment options
TREATMENT OPTIONS
  • AAAs under 5 cm in diameter: usually monitored with serial ultrasound examinations
  • AAAs 5 cm and larger: usually repaired with open surgery or endovascular repair

No proven lifestyle changes can decrease the size of AAAs.

repair options
REPAIR OPTIONS
  • Both endovascular and open surgeries are used to repair AAAs.
  • Approximately 40,000 repairs are performed each year in the U.S.
repair options11
REPAIR OPTIONS

Endovascular Surgery

  • Requires two small incisions in the groin area.
  • An endovascular graft is inserted through the femoral artery via a catheter and deployed inside the lumen, relining the aorta.

Average hospital stay: 2-3 days

Average recovery time: 1-2 weeks

repair options12
REPAIR OPTIONS

Open Surgery

  • Requires large abdominal or flank incision
  • Retroperitoneal dissection and exclusion of the aneurysm by clamping the aorta
  • Removal of the affected aorta and replacement with surgical graft

Average hospital stay: 1 week

Average recovery time: 1-3 months

what you can do
WHAT YOU CAN DO

Be aware AAAs are most often silent killers and are increasing in number.

  • Remember those most at risk:
      • Men over 60
      • Smokers
      • Those with a family history of AAA
  • Screen as early as possible and refer to a specialist, as appropriate.
physician information
PHYSICIAN INFORMATION

Name : Alain M. Azencott MD.

Address : 23 Rue Hoche 06400 Cannes France

Phone : +(33) 04 93 99 77 77

E-mail : [email protected]

This presentation was brought to you by Cook Medical.

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