Polarimetry PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Polarimetry Requirements. Polarization sensitivity: amount of fractional polarization that can be detected above a (spatially and/or spectrally) constant background, a relative measurement: 10-5Polarization accuracy: absolute error in measured fractional polarization, an absolute measurement: 5

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

1. Polarimetry Christoph Keller

2. Polarimetry Requirements Polarization sensitivity: amount of fractional polarization that can be detected above a (spatially and/or spectrally) constant background, a relative measurement: 10-5 Polarization accuracy: absolute error in measured fractional polarization, an absolute measurement: 5·10-4 Derived telescope polarization requirements: < 1% instrumentally induced polarization at all wavelengths before polarization modulation (to keep second-order effects small enough to achieve required polarization sensitivity) Instrumental polarization calibration error: < 5·10-4 (to achieve polarization accuracy requirement) Instrumental polarization stability: < 5·10-4 within 15 min (to achieve polarization accuracy requirement)

3. Side-Note: 2nd Order Effects Taking into account first-order effects only, polarimetric sensitivity better than 10-4 is difficult to achieve Influence of seeing: mostly I to Q,U,V and Q,U,V to Q,U,V cross-talk Influence of camera non-linearity, dark-current and bias fluctuations Influence of (polarized) scattered light

4. Gregorian Focus Instrumental polarization due to off-axis optics Aluminum coating at 400 nm Polarization effects depend on wavelength, field of view, coating properties and age Instrumental polarization fixed with respect to telescope Instrumental polarization rotates with respect to image

5. Gregorian Wavelength Dependence

6. Gregorian Time Dependence

7. Coudé Time Dependence

8. Temporal Polarization Change Gregorian: up to 0.05 in 15 minutes around noon in coordinate system fixed with image, but constant in telescope coordinate system Coudé: up to 0.5 in 15 minutes around noon Only Gregorian focus in telescope coordinate system fulfills specifications

9. Distributed Polarimetry <1% instrumental polarization before modulation and less than 5·10-4 change in 15 minutes ? polarization modulation close to Gregorian focus Only a single beam can be sent to coudé because AO cannot handle two beams Strongly polarizing transfer optics ? Calibration polarizers close to Gregorian Coronal instruments: compact, no need for adaptive optics, fast beam ? at Gregorian instrument station On-disk instruments: large, need for AO correction, slow beam ? on coudé platform

10. Polarization Optics in Gregorian Polarization calibration (rotating polarizers and retarders for different wavelength ranges) Focal masks for alignment and tests Polarization modulators (and analyzers) for different wavelength ranges, space for visiting polarimeter Telescope optics will be adjusted according to inserted optics

11. Turret at Gregorian Focus

12. Telescope Polarization Issues Telescope polarization rotates with respect to solar image Telescope polarization depends on field position Telescope polarization depends on wavelength Optical properties of coatings will change (slowly) in time Coatings might not be uniform across mirror surface(s) Must calibrate telescope polarization accurately enough to meet science specifications Based on experience with existing strongly polarizing telescopes, we expect that ATST telescope will meet polarization science requirements

13. Measuring Telescope Polarization Find a way to measure instrumental polarization with sufficient accuracy to meet science requirements at all wavelengths and at all times Study coating uniformities on large telescopes Estimate complexity of such measurements (required instrumentation and time)

14. Realistic Mueller-Matrix Model Create Mueller-matrix model of all-reflective telescope that includes aluminum coatings with thin aluminum-oxide overcoat Measure instrumental polarization to determine free parameters of model Determine required IP measurement frequency Determine most suitable wavelength(s) for IP measurements Test model and measurement approaches

15. Polarimetry Error Budget Classical error tree approach does not work because ‘leaves’ are non-linearly coupled Example: non-linearity of CCD camera and telescope polarization couple multiplicatively No good approach available yet Will work out a potential approach and apply it to telescopes and instruments

  • Login