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Trompenaars ’ Cultural Dilemmas and Dimensions - bySigrid Brevik Wangs...


Geert Hofstede: Culture\'s Consequences (1980,2nd ed. 2001). Who is Geert Hofstede? What kind of competence/ experience does he have?When did Hofstede\'s legendary national culture research take place?Outline the main aspects of Hofstede\'s original study. Any subsequent studies? . Geert Hofstede: Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind (1991, 2nd ed. 2005, 3rd ed. 2010).

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Hofstede and Trompenaars Cultural Dimensions

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Trompenaars cultural dilemmas and dimensions l.jpg

Trompenaars’ Cultural Dilemmas and Dimensions

by

Sigrid Brevik Wangsness

13 February 2013


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: Riding the Waves of Culture

  • What kind of competence /experience do these authors have? Explain the main aspects of their research. What kind of book is this? (What did Hofstede say about it?)

  • According to the authors, what does this book attempt to do?

  • The authors are critical of many modern management philosophies. Why? (Examples, for instance “pay-for-performance”)


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: The Meaning of Culture

  • Explain in some detail what T and H-T mean by culture (their concept of culture):

  • Definition

  • Their model of culture: layers

    norms vs. values

    basic assumptions

  • Which other authors use a similar model?


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: Differences WITHIN cultures

  • To what extent do people of the same culture have identical norms and values? Cp. the French and American cultures from the point of view of “normal distribution”. Explain.

  • How do T and H-T define and explain stereotyping, and what are the dangers they see in using cultural stereotypes?


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: The Basis of Cultural Differences

  • What are the different levels of culture that T and H-T emphasize? What do they say about cultures in Europe?

  • According to T and H-T, there are three major categories of human experience (“universal problems”) that distinguishcultures. Which?

  • T and H-T identify seven fundamental dimensions of culture. Which? Explain.


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: The Basis of Cultural Differences

  • Study T’s examples of cultural dilemmas. Find the scores for your culture. Is this a correct description of it, do you think?

  • T and H-T insist that cultures are not static points on a dual axis map, and thus their categories are not mutually exclusive (vs. Hofstede). How do they perceive the positions of cultures on the various dimensions?


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FonsTrompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner: The Basis of Cultural Differences

  • What are the major similarities and differences between T and H-T’s dimensions and the categorizations you have studied earlier?

    (Compare for instance Gesteland, Hofstede

    and Trompenaars).