Policies under the criminal justice system in regard to immigrants
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Policies Under the criminal justice system in regard to Immigrants. Rachel Moon a legal immigrant is awaiting her sentencing hearing for killing her boyfriend in self defense. “Under Current Law”.

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Policies Under the criminal justice system in regard to Immigrants

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Policies under the criminal justice system in regard to immigrants

Policies Under the criminal justice system in regard to Immigrants

Rachel Moon a legal immigrant is awaiting her sentencing hearing for killing her boyfriend in self defense.


Under current law

“Under Current Law”

  • Under current law, non-citizen immigrants convicted of what's known as an "aggravated felony" face automatic penalties that make it far harder for them to be spared from deportation. While the term suggests a crime of a serious and violent nature, the definition of an "aggravated felony" has been expanded over the years, to the point where it includes crimes that are neither "aggravated" nor "felonies." Obama's draft immigration bill would narrow the definition of an aggravated felony by giving immigration judges greater discretion to grant leniency to individual immigrants convicted of minor offenses.


Consequences for non citizens

Consequences for Non-Citizens

  • One of the last things you want to do if you are in the United States on a visa or green card is commit a felony. Immigration officials may deport you or downgrade your status on the basis of a felony or even a non-felony conviction, depending on your current status, the type of offense, and the specific facts surrounding your case. Moreover, convictions for crimes involving "moral turpitude" or those labeled "aggravated felonies" carry harsh consequences for non-citizens. A non-citizen who commits an aggravated felony or a crime involving moral turpitude is generally ineligible for relief from deportation and often will be barred from reentering the U.S. in the future


The history of aggravated felony in 1988

The History of Aggravated Felony in 1988

  • For immigration purposes, the term aggravated felony includes some offenses that are considered misdemeanors in state or federal courts, or in some cases conduct that is not even criminalized. In other words, it is a category unique to immigration law encompassing a wide variety of acts considered removable offenses by Congress. Initially enacted in 1988, aggravated felony was limited to serious crimes such as murder, federal drug trafficking, and the illicit trafficking of firearms and incendiary devices. Since then, Congress had added a number of offenses to the list, including (but not limited to) the following:

  • Simple battery

  • Theft Filing

  • a fraudulent tax return

  • Failure to appear in court

  • Consensual sex between a 17-year-old and a 16-year-old.

    Even if an offense was added to the list of aggravated felonies after a foreign national has been convicted, the individual immediately becomes deportable (unless Congress specifically states otherwise).


Crimes of moral turpitude

Crimes of Moral Turpitude

  • Crimes of moral turpitude refer to acts determined by a court to violate the accepted moral standards of the community. The following offenses have been considered crimes involving moral turpitude by some courts, but there is no definitive list:

  • Perjury

  • Tax evasion

  • Wire fraud

  • Carrying a concealed weapon

  • Child abuse


Immigration consequences for felony convictions

Immigration Consequences for Felony Convictions

  • Immigration Consequences for Felony Convictions If you are a foreign national, the commission of an offense described above does not necessarily lead to deportation. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) considers a number of factors with regard to the penalties faced by an immigrant to the U.S., while most forms of relief from deportation are discretionary. Still, aggravated felonies usually do lead to deportation. The following is a general summary of possible consequences for immigrants who commit aggravated felonies, by type of status.


Consequences for felony convictions

Consequences for Felony Convictions

  • Legal Permanent Resident: Subject to deportation; may be detained during removal proceedings; subject to up to 20 years in prison if LPR reenters the U.S. without permission after removal; permanently barred from future immigration to the U.S.; if not removed, LPR may be barred from becoming a naturalized citizen

  • Refugee (without LPR status): May be deported after a criminal conviction, even if they would be in grave danger in their home country; some felonies, subject to judicial discretion, may result in the inability to obtain LPR status

  • Asylee (without LPR status): May be deported only after being convicted of a "particularly serious crime," which includes any aggravated felony; some felonies, subject to judicial discretion, may result in the inability to obtain LPR status

  • Non-Citizen with Temporary Lawful Status: This includes individuals with nonimmigrant visas and those with temporary protected status; may lose status and be removed for any felony conviction or two or more misdemeanor convictions

  • Non-Citizen without Legal Status: Since undocumented immigrants are not authorized to be in the U.S., any criminal offense can result in deportation


Green card or not

Green Card or NOT!

A noncitizen whose criminal record contains an aggravated felony – whether that person has a green card or other U.S. status, or is undocumented – is most likely headed for deportation (removal) from the United States. In fact, the proceedings may take place very quickly, on an “expedited” basis


What criminal activity has immigration consequences

What “criminal activity” has immigration consequences?

  • Arrests and/or convictions even for crimes that may not be serious for U.S. citizens. If you are fingerprinted, this can delay visa issuance even if you are not convicted or if your record is expunged (meaning it no longer appears on your record.)

  • Willful misrepresentations on an immigration or visa application that results in securing an immigration benefit through fraud. This can also include fraudulent information in an application for admission to school if an I-20 /DS-2019 is then issued and the student uses the document to enter the U.S.

  • Drug related offenses that may or may not result in conviction, including admission of drug use.

  • Conviction for, or admission of, crimes of moral turpitude – (These are generally serious crimes but for more information, contact an attorney or CIE).

  • Suspension or expulsion from school as a result of criminal activity, whatever the nature of the crime.


What are the consequences of criminal activity

What are the consequences of “criminal activity”?

  • Delays in obtaining visas - ANY arrest or conviction will cause a positive “hit” in NCIC and delay new visa issuance. It doesn’t matter if you take the record of your arrest or conviction with you to the consulate, they will still have to wait for the NCIC report.

  • Denial of visa or entry into the U.S.

  • Removal or deportation from the U.S.

  • Denial of immigration benefits in the U.S. including extension, change of status, and practical training


How do i avoid these consequences

How do I avoid these consequences?

  • Don’t drink and drive. While this may not be serious in your country, it is taken very seriously in the U.S. Take a taxi or have a designated driver when you go out and plan to drink.

  • Don’t do drugs. Being arrested with even a small amount of marijuana can make you deportable.

  • Don’t lie or misrepresent your actions on immigration applications or to a DHS employee. If you have concerns about something you have done, then talk to CIE or contact an immigration attorney before you are interviewed or complete an application.

  • Don’t assume that they won’t find out. Since 9/11 there is much more cooperation among government agencies.

  • If you are arrested, just like on TV, you do have the right to an attorney and anything you say can and will be used against you.

  • Make sure that you have a criminal attorney who is aware that there may be immigration consequences to any plea bargain or guilty plea and who works with an immigration attorney.

  • Remember that it is your responsibility to know the law and avoid committing crimes.


Aggravated felons

Aggravated Felons

  • “Aggravated felony” is a term of art used to describe a category of offenses carrying particularly harsh immigration consequences for non-citizens convicted of such crimes.

  • While the term suggests a crime of a serious and violent nature, the definition of an "aggravated felony" has been expanded over the years, to the point where it includes crimes that are neither "aggravated" nor "felonies."

  • As initially enacted in 1988, the term 'aggravated felony' referred only to murder, federal drug trafficking, and illicit trafficking of certain firearms and destructive devices," explains a brief from the Immigration Policy Center, an immigration advocacy group.

  • the primary impact of the “aggravated felony” classification relates to the increased immigration penalties attached to the label, including the inability to apply for most forms of relief from removal.  

  • An immigrant who is removed from the United States following a conviction for an “aggravated felony,” and who subsequently reenters the country illegally, may be imprisoned for up to 20 years rather than two years.

  • The supreme court believes immigrants convicted of an “aggravated felony” face the “harshest deportation consequences

  • The immigration laws include numerous provisions to ensure that criminals are not allowed to remain in the United States, yet also recognize that exceptions should be made in particularly compelling cases, especially when an immigrant’s removal will create hardship for U.S. citizens.


Comparing u s citizens verses non citizens

ComparingU.S citizens verses non- citizens

  • Both can receive prison sentence.

  • Both have corporate punishment laws.

  • Both go through similar steps in order to receive convictions for crime that was committed.

  • In being convicted both have the power to lose rights as a citizen or non- citizens.

  • Both are giving equal rights before evictions occur considering the crime that was committed.

  • The are both consider citizens one just have the right as an American to be tried and convicted fairly.


Contrasting u s citizens verses non citizens

ContrastingU.S citizens verses non- citizens

  • Non- citizens when convicted are deported back to their original country.

  • U.S. citizens maintain in the united states criminal justice systems.

  • Non – citizens do not have the same legal rights as united states because they are not actual citizens of the united states.

  • U.S. citizens lose some rights such as voting because they are convicted of felonies.

  • U.S citizens will always have a better opportunity because they will be tried and convicted and kept in America land to be imprison.

  • Non – citizens are convicted in America but are sent home to live in a prison environment that may not be as good as the united states.

  • Non citizens can be deported and don’t have rights to try and fight to stay.


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