Biodiversity perspectives
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 28

Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik , November 2013 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik , November 2013 Ivana Jelenić Nature Protection Directorate. Content of presentation. Introduction Preparation of the Natura 2000 proposal in Croatia

Download Presentation

Biodiversity perspectives from Croatia as a new Member State Dubrovnik , November 2013

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Biodiversity perspectives from croatia as a new member state dubrovnik november 2013

Biodiversity perspectives

from Croatia as a new Member State

Dubrovnik, November 2013

Ivana Jelenić

Nature Protection Directorate


Content of presentation

Contentofpresentation

  • Introduction

  • Preparation of the Natura 2000 proposal in Croatia

    • with reference to the negotiation process in nature protection and „informalrules”

  • Consultations on the Natura 2000 proposal

  • Biogeographical seminar

  • Nextsteps

    • ecologicalnetwork impact assessment (ENIA) and new Nature Protection Act

    • Natura 2000 management

    • monitoringandreporting

  • Financing Natura 2000


Introduction

Introduction

Natura 2000 – European ecological network

HabitatsDirective

Annex I – habitattypes

Annex II - species

Birds Directive

Annex I

Regularyoccuring migratory birds (Art. 4.2.)

National list ofpSCI

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL SEMINAR

SCI list

SPA

6 years

SAC

Natura 2000


Introduction1

Introduction

EU 27

26444 sites

17,90% (land)

241 536.42 km2 (sea)


Preparation of the n2000 proposal in croatia

Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia

  • Task of the State Institute for Nature Protection (SINP)

  • Site selection criteria:

    • Only scientific criteria as defined in Annex III to the Habitats Directive and, for birds, internationally accepted criteria defined by BirdLife International (IBA) – rulings of the ECJ(Case C-67/99 EC vs. Ireland, C-71/99 EC vs. Germany, C 220-99 EC vs. France, etc.)

    • Selected sites must, by their coverage and geographical distribution, allow for long term conservation of each species/habitat type

    • No specific percentage is defined – the aim is to select the representative parts of distribution area of an endangered habitat type or endangered species

    • Each country selects proportionally to its biodiversity


Preparation of the n2000 proposal in croatia1

Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia

  • 1st phase: Collecting and interpreting available data with assistance of scientific institutions, experts and NGOs; GIS data - Emerald project of the CoU 2001-2003 2006and 2008 (41.500 €); LIFE III CRO-NEN project 2003-2005 (535.850 €)

  • 2nd phase: Organizing and financing the field research (inventory) (State budget  5.8 mil kn)

  • 3rd phase: Consultation process in 2008 and 2009 through the PHARE 2005 project „Institutional strengthening and implementation of the ecological network Natura 2000 in Croatia”(1.611.750 €)

  • 4th phase: Further amendments to the proposal, collection of data on marine habitats and preparation of future project proposals related to monitoring and management (IPA + SFs)


Preparation of the n2000 proposal in croatia2

Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia

  • Emeraldnetwork

  • National ecologicalnetwork

  • Regulation on proclamationoftheecologicalnetwork (OG 109/07)

52% land, 40% sea

47% land, 39% sea


Preparation of the n2000 proposal in croatia3

Preparation of the N2000 proposal in Croatia

780 sites = 742 pSCI + 38 SPA

Regulation on ecologiocalnetwork (OG 124/13)

36,67% land

16,39 % sea

29,38 % total

Source: SINP,

September 2013


Consultation on the n2000 proposal

Consultation on theN2000 proposal

  • 2008 and 2009 – through the PHARE 2005 project „Institutional strengthening and implementation of the ecological network Natura 2000 in Croatia”

  • Involvement of the spatial planning offices on local/regional level (Varaždin C., Međimurje C., Koprivnica-Križevci C., Virovitica-Požega C., Osijek-Baranja C. and Primorje-Gorski kotar C.)

  • Intensive exchange of data with forestry sector (11 meetings of the WG for defining forest areas inside N2000 in period 2010-2013)

  • Informing stakeholders on N2000 proposal in parallel with the adoption of the new Nature Protection Act (discourses and presentations: Croatian Government, Croatian Chamber of Economy, Croatian Employers’ Association)

  • Internet consultation on the elements of the Proposal on the Regulation on ecological network (3 May -1 June 2013) based on the new NPA (NN 81/13)


Negotiations in nature protection

Negotiations in nature protection

  • Negotiation process : July 2008 – June 2011 (Chapter 27 Environment)

  • No transitional periods, only technical adaptations of annexes to directives (HD-Annexes I, III, IV and V; BD -Annex II)

    ANNEXES TO DIRECTIVES DO NOT COVER NEW MEMBER STATES !!!


Negotiations in nature protection1

Negotiations in nature protection

  • „Informal rules”:

    • Biogeographical regions - possible to exclude

    • Reference list – not a CHECK list

    • Things that do (not) pass:

      • Endemic species/habitat types – difficult, but not impossible

      • Species already present in old MS - out of question

      • New taxonomic groups - out of question

      • Species that were already rejected in previous enlargements

      • Adding new species to the annexes of the BD, except on Annex II/B


Negotiations in nature protection2

Negotiations in nature protection

  • „Informalrules”:

    • Things that do (not) pass:

      • Habitat types – wiseto cover most of the elements through the EU Interpretation Manual of Habitat Types

      • „clever amendments” - habitat types listed on the HD are „widely” described and can cover distribution areas of many species that a new MS would like to add

      • Species/habitats present in neighbouring (candidate/accessing) countries can easilybe added


Negotiations in nature protection3

Negotiations in nature protection

  • Resultsoftheadaptations :

    • 2 habitattypesadded to theAnnex I ofthe HD: Sub-Mediterranean grasslands of the order Trifolio-HordeetaliaandTufa cascades of karsticrivers

    • 12 endemic, endangeredand/or rarespeciesadded to theAnnex II ofthe HD: Dinaromysbogdanovi, Dinarolacertamosorensis, *Viperaursiniimacrops, Aulopygehuegelii, Salmothymusobtusirostris, Chondrostomaknerii, Chondrostomaphoxinus, Knipowitschiacroatica, Squaliussvallize, Squaliusmicrolepis, Proterebiaafradalmata, i *Degeniavelebitica

    • 4 endemic, endangered and/or rare species added to theAnnex IV ofthe HD: Dinaromysbogdanovi, Dalmatolacertaoxycephala, Dinarolacertamosorensisi Degeniavelebitica

    • 7 speciesofbirdsadded to theAnnex II/B ofthe BD: Alectorischukar, Coturnixcoturnix, Corvuscoronecornix, Corvusfrugilegus, Corvusmonedula, Pica pica i Garrulusglandarius

      COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2013/17/EUof 13 May 2013adapting certain directives in the field of environment, by reason of the accession of the Republicof Croatia

      (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:158:0193:0229:EN:PDF)


Biogeographical seminar

Biogeographical Seminar

  • National list of pSCI – assessment in line with strictly defined criteria (http://bd.eionet.europa.eu)

  • Approach: „species by species” and „habitat type by habitat type” for each biogeographical region

    • Present: representatives of the new MS „defending” the proposal (ministry/agency/institute + independent experts – number not limited), NGOs (number is limited), ETC/BD, EC, independent experts invited by the EC

  • “Judgements”:

    • IN MAJ – new MS has reported some species on the reference list but no sites were selected in a particularbiogeographicalregionfor thatspecies

    • IN MOD – more sites for a species is to be added

    • IN MIN – species is present on proposed sites and it will be enough to add it as a new „target feature”

    • SCI RES – reserve – justfor a limited period of time in order to conduct additional research (BG and RO – 1 year)


Next steps

Nextsteps

  • By completion of the Natura 2000 work does not end but only begins…

  • Next steps:

    • Appropriate assessment of plans and projects (HD- Art. 6 Para. 3 & 4)

    • Management of Natura 2000 (HD- Art. 6 Para. 1 – only conservation measures are obligatory, not management plans!

    • Monitoring and reporting (HD -Art. 11 & 17; BD-Art. 12) - on national level, for all habitat types and all species listed on directives for each biogeographical region


Appropriate assessment and new nature protection act og 80 13

Appropriate assessment and new Nature Protection Act (OG 80/13)

AA of projects

SCREENING MAIN ASSESMENT Procedure OPI (+CM)

85-90% of projects are „screened out”intheScreeningphase

AA of strategies, plans or programmes

1. SPP for which the SEA or screenig for SEA is obligatory:

Screening

  • Stand alone procedure for strategies, plans and programmes for which the SEA is obligatory OR integrated within the screening for SEA Outcome: Decision/Opinion on acceptability of SPP or Decision/Opinion on the need to carry out the Main assessment of SPP

    Main assessment

  • Need for Main assessment „triggers” the obligation to carry out the SEA!

  • Main assessment integrated into the SEA procedure

  • Outcome: Opinion on acceptability (with mitigation measures) or opinion on unacceptability

    2. SPP for which SEA/screening for SEA is not obligatory, AA is carried out within the procedure of issuing the nature protection conditions and prior approval (Art. 20.-22. of the NPA)


Enia statistic s

ENIA statistics

Chart No.1 : Percentage of project requests per Screening,Main assessment and OPI&CM at the level of the Ministry in period 2008 - 2013

Source: MENP, 2013


Enia statistics

ENIA statistics

Chart No. 2: Percentage of project requests per Screening, Main assessment and OPI&CM at the level of the counties in period 2008 - 2013

Source: SINP, 2013


Management of natura 2000

Management of Natura 2000

NPA articles56-57

  • Conservation measures are obligatory

    • basic = shell be defined horizontally by ordinances for SPAs and SACs

    • additional = can be defined, if needed, with specific management plans

  • Implementation of conservation measures – important role ofbothPIs and legal entities responsible for management of natural resources

  • Role ofPIs inmanagement

    • active role (national parks, strict/special reserves)

    • coordination/advisory role (in N2000 areas where other legalentities are active managers)


M anagement of natura 2000

Managementof Natura 2000

Natura 2000 management plans

  • not obligatory

  • content will be defined with Ordinance on the content of management plans for protected areas and procedure of its adoption (NPA, Art. 138)

    • obligatory elements: analysis of the status of target features, site conservation objectives, management goals and indicators of achievement

  • one plan for more N2000 sites

  • adoption of the management plan–responsibility of the PIs


M anagement of natura 20001

Managementof Natura 2000

Project IPA 2009 Natura 2000 Management andMonitoring (NATURA MANMON) - 1.250.000,00 €

  • drafts of 6 MPs defined :

    • Spačva (aluvial forest) – pSCI

    • OdranskopoljeiTuropolje (aluvilal forests, floodplains, migratory bird species) – pSCI and SPA

    • Rijeka Sutla (fish and mussel species) – pSCI

    • LokalitetBulji (grasslands and plant species) - pSCI

    • LokalitetPregon (butterfly, frog and snail species) – pSCI

    • SnježnicaiKonavoskopolje (complex of Mediterranean fields and mountains) - pSCI

  • http://www.natura2000-manmon.com/ProjectSites.html


Monitoring and reporting

Monitoringandreporting

  • Monitoring methodology is not standardized on the EU level, only monitoring reports are defined problem for the EC in terms of analysis and comparison of monitoring results

  • Throughthe IPA 2009 NATURA MANMON project

    • monitoringprogrammeswereprepared for 3 for habitattypesand 24 species

    • General designof nationalNatura 2000 monitoringframeworkin Croatiawasdefined

  • Future reporting

    • in 2014 and2015 - derogationsunderthe BD andHD (HaBiDes)

    • In 2019 – HD Art. 17 report


Biodiversity perspectives from croatia as a new member state dubrovnik november 2013

Financing biodiversity objectives in the 2014-2020 programming period

EUROPEAN STRUCTURAL AND INVESTMENT (ESI) FUNDS

COHESION POLICY

COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY

COMMON FISHERIES POLICY

COHESION

FUND

EUROPEAN MARITIME AND FISHERIES FUND

EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL FUND FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT

EUROPEAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND

Structural funds

EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND

European Programmes

Environment and Climate Action

Research and Innovation

Horizon 2020

LIFE


Biodiversity perspectives from croatia as a new member state dubrovnik november 2013

EFRD - What are national priorities identified?

  • 2. NATURA 2000 MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

  • develop and implement management framework for Natura 2000 areas including establishment of supporting mechanisms

  • species’ action plans, including measures for conservation

  • prevention of damage caused by strictly protected animals and develop and implement measures that will improve their coexistence with humans

  • 1. BIODIVERSITY DATA

  • Inventarisationand scientific researchofspeciesandhabitattypesofeuropeanimportanceandtheirdistribution

  • 3. MAINTANCE AND RESTORATION OF ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR SERVICES

  • map and assess state of ecosystem services and their economic value

  • Restoredegradadedhabitats (demining)

  • 4. INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES (IAS)

  • risk assessment procedures

  • identify and prioritise IAS and their pathways

  • control or eradicate priority IAS species

  • manage pathways to prevent the introduction and establishment of new IAS

  • researchactivities

  • 5. EDUCATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS ACTIVITIES

  • educationandpromotion of the value of biodiversity, nature and ecosystem services

  • Communicationof Natura 2000 to general public

  • 6. PROTECTION AND CARE FOR STRICTLY PROTECTED SPECIES

  • rescue centre for strictly protected animal species

  • procedures for speciesrecoveryandprogramsforseizedspecies


Eafrd and aes p rogress till today

EAFRD and AES - progress till today

How the priorities were selected?

Expert basis (SINP) – prioritization of species and habitat types related to/ or dependent on agricultural land

Draft proposal of AE measures for nature protection (May 2013)

MENP(within NIP project) component “Consulting services for Support to Agri‐Environment Scheme”

Working group established

(MENP, SINP, MA, Paying agency for Agriculture, Agricultural Advisory Service, Agricultural Land Agency, NGOs)


N ational priorities identified

National priorities identified

Horizontal measures for

Pilot measures for protection of particular species

  • grasslands

  • arable land (wildflower strips)

  • meadow orchards and traditional olive grows

  • landscape elements (hedgerows and stone walls

  • carp fish ponds

  • development of nature protection plans for 100 selected farms

(corncrakeandlarge-bluebutterfly)


Biodiversity perspectives from croatia as a new member state dubrovnik november 2013

FINANCING BIODIVERSITY OBJECTIVES IN THE 2014-2020 PROGRAMMING PERIOD

EUROPEAN TERRITORIAL CO-OPERATION

Danube macro regional strategy

HR co-chairing PA6 Preserving biodiversity, landscapes and the quality of air and soils

Possibility for projectsLabeling

CROSS-BORDER

CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES

TRANSNATIONAL

CO-OPERATION PROGRAMMES

*Tillnow RH partnerswereable to participateonly as projectpartners in IPA with a limitedamountofavailable IPA funds

In thenewfinancialperspective (newprogrammes) theymayapply as a leadingpartners in all programmes!

INTERREGIONAL

CO-OPERATION


Biodiversity perspectives from croatia as a new member state dubrovnik november 2013

[email protected]

www.mzoip.hr

THANK YOU


  • Login