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Understanding the SC CAST logic models. CAST Academy, Nov. 4, 2010. South Carolina Community Action for a Safer Tomorrow (CAST) Environmental Logic Model: DUI Traffic Crashes. Consumption Pattern. Risk Factors & Underlying Conditions. Environmental Strategies. Consequence.

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understanding the sc cast logic models

Understanding the SC CAST logic models

CAST Academy, Nov. 4, 2010

slide2

South Carolina Community Action for a Safer Tomorrow (CAST)

Environmental Logic Model: DUI Traffic Crashes

Consumption Pattern

Risk Factors & Underlying Conditions

Environmental Strategies

Consequence

Improved screening & referral systems

DUI traffic crashes

Lack of identification of problem behaviors

Community media advocacy

Adjudication systems enhancement

Insufficient enforcement of laws

Drinking to the point of impairment

High-visibility best practice enforcement operations

Social norms accepting and/or encouraging use

  • The SC rate of 12.1 alcohol-related vehicle deaths per 100,000 people is almost twice the national rate
  • Almost half of SC fatal motor vehicle accidents involve alcohol

Merchant education

Over-service to intoxicated patrons

Social event monitoring & enforcement

Easy social access

Restrictions on alcohol price/promotion

Low or discount pricing

Community mobilization for policy change

Insufficient laws and policies

Limited transportation options

Increase transportation options

Last updated 8/6/10

slide3

South Carolina Community Action for a Safer Tomorrow (CAST)

Environmental Logic Model: Underage Drinking

Consumption Pattern

Risk Factors & Underlying Conditions

Environmental Strategies

Social norms accepting and/or encouraging use

Community media advocacy

Social event monitoring & enforcement

Underage Drinking

Insufficient enforcement of laws

Adjudication systems enhancement

Easy social access

High-visibility best practice enforcement operations

Easy retail access

  • 35% of SC high school students drink
  • 18% of SC high school students drank 5 or more drinks on one occasion in the past two week
  • 1 in 10 SC high school students drove after drinking in the past month

Merchant education

Inappropriate promotion of use

Alcohol advertising restrictions

Low or discount pricing

Increase product price

Insufficient laws and policies

Community mobilization for policy change

Insufficient enforcement of school policies

Model school policies w/ enforcement

Lack of identification of early problem behaviors

Improved screening &

referral systems

Last updated 8/6/10

where did these logic models come from
Where did these logic models come from?
  • Reviewed models from 10-20 other states
  • Took what we liked
  • Changed a great deal
  • Staff brainstorm of any and all environmental factors that influence UD or DUI
  • Reviewed by:
    • Evaluation team
    • SEOW
    • WEB
    • Governor’s Council
    • Key partners (e.g., Office of Highway Safety)
are they perfect
Are they “perfect”?
  • Probably not
  • And they are not final either
  • We welcome your feedback
most importantly
Most Importantly . . .
  • These 2 “1-page” diagrams are NOT the whole model
  • You must have the Contributing Local Factors (CLFs) to have the full logic model
    • The one-pager is like a pretty cover page
  • Found on “A Guide for Measuring Risk Factors and Local Conditions in Your Community”
  • The Risk Factors & Underlying Conditions boxes on the one-pagers are like buckets, but it’s what is inside (CLFs) that matters
why focus on clfs
Why focus on CLFs?
  • Risk factor headings can (and do) mean a lot of different things
  • Risk factors can’t be assessed as a whole (Step 1)
  • Different CLFs suggest different strategies (Step 3)
  • Different CLFs need to be tracked differently (Step 5)
assessing clfs
Assessing CLFs
  • In the “guide,” we’ve tried to help match methods to CLFs
  • Sample tools we’ve developed are based on that approach
  • BUT you should do your own thinking on this
    • Are there better ways for you to measure some CLFs?
    • Do the sample tools get at all the relevant CLFs?
    • Are we covering every relevant CLF with some collection method?
    • Make this process your own; make it work for you
more on the logic models
More on the Logic Models
  • Note that all environmental strategies go through “Community media advocacy”
  • Your county logic model will not look like the state model
    • Will have fewer boxes b/c not every risk factor will be a priority for your county and you won’t implement every strategy
    • May leave you room to include your priority CLFs on the “one pager”
more on the logic models1
More on the Logic Models
  • We used arrows on only the most direct connections
    • There may be plausible connections with no arrows
  • We’ve broken down the environmental strategy boxes like we broke down risk factors into CLFs
    • Not as important right now
    • Start to examine those options on 1/26 and beyond
more on the logic models2
More on the Logic Models
  • Not every risk factor is created equal
    • We brainstormed all relevant environmental risk factors
    • Some do not match up with an evidence-based strategy (e.g., limited transportation options)
    • Worry about that later
    • For now, just assess
    • Importance, ability to change will be factored into prioritization
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