Symposium accessing the political in socio historical context
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Symposium: Accessing the “political” in socio-historical context. Convenor: Peter Weinreich Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Ulster Director, Identity Exploration Ltd, www.identityexploration.com Conference:

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Symposium: Accessing the “political” in socio-historical context

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Symposium:Accessing the “political” in socio-historical context

Convenor:

Peter Weinreich

Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Ulster

Director, Identity Exploration Ltd, www.identityexploration.com

Conference:

Tearing Down the Walls: Rethinking the Political in Political Psychology

Centre for Research in Political Psychology, Queen's University Belfast

Thursday 15 April 2010


Symposium:Accessing the “political” in socio-historical context

Primordialist and situationalist perspectives on nationality in Beijing students

Stephen Ewart, Identity Exploration Ltd, UK

Reference to earlier comparative study:

Weinreich, P. , Bacova, V., & Rougier, N (2003) Basic primordialism in ethnic and national identity. In

Weinreich, P., & Saunderson, W. (Eds.) Analysing Identity: Cross Cultural, Societal and Clinical Contexts. London: Routledge & Psychology Press. Chapter 3.


A Beijing home is where the hearth is?

translate.google.com (english -> simplified chinese)

一个北京的家是哪里的壁炉是什么?

translate.google.com (simplified chinese->english)

A Beijing home is where the fireplace is what?


“Home is where the hearth is”

“Home is where you hang you hat”

Primordialist

Situationalist


Asking questions


Getting results


Primordialists

Situationalists


Finding answers


At home


Situationalists

Primordialists


Primordialism

Inheritance from ancestors


And abroad


Situationalists

Primordialists


Primordialism

Duty of care for descendents


并进一步在国外

translate.google.com (simplified chinese->english)

And further overseas


Scores


Scores

Primordialists would prefer to think people behave the same most of the time.

Currently though, they tend to think people flip based on circumstances


Scores

Situationalist would prefer to think people’s national sentiments are geniune.

Currently though, they tend to think national sentiment masks selfish motives


Entities


Self Entities


Self Entities

Primordialists are more likely to view the world in black and white terms

Primordialists also tend to evaluate themselves more positively favourably


Other Entities


Other Entities

Primordialists evaluated their parents more positively than Situationalists


Other Entities

Situationalists evaluated how their perceived their children to be when grown up more positively than Primordialists


Other Entities

Primordialist evaluated Chinese people and the China Communist party positively

Situationalists were ambivalent about both


Other Entities

The opposite was true of Westerners

Situationalist evaluated them positively while Primordialists were ambivalent


Constructs


Construct

Situationalists less convinced about their atheism


Construct

The notion of striving for things in life is more significant for Situationalists


Construct

Situationalists favour the security in conforming to tradition but without conviction

Situationalists have firmer convictions than Primordialists regarding being open to change


Construct

Both Primordialists and Situationalists endorse the idea of being loyal to the country over ancestry...

... though Situationalists are more wary


Construct

Both Primordialists and Situationalists endorse the idea that a common national language is essential...

... though Primordialists see this idea as more significant than Situationalists, and have move conviction behind it


Construct

Primordialists

Continuing the nation in future generations

Situationalists

Adaptable to being any nationality


Identifications


Identifications

Primordialists identified more with their parents

Parents evaluated more positively

So less identification conflict


Identifications

Primordialists identified more with Chinese people in general and the China Communionist party


Identifications

Situationalists identified more strongly with Westerners than did Primordialists


Summary


Two stances on nationality...

Primordialism

Situationalism

...with consistent absolute identity processes...

Differing greyness of overall world view

Appropriate convictions and conflicts with sentiments

Identification with appropriate political stances

Identification, or lack thereof, with lineage


...but with different proximate patterns

Northern Ireland:

Primordialism stems from past lineage

Situationalism focused on current government

Slovakia:

Primordialism stems from future lineage

Situationalism focused on outgoing government

China:

Primordialism stems from present generation

Situationalism focused on other nations


Questions?


Future work


Individualism vs Collectivism?

http://mountainrunner.us/2008/01/differences_between_eastern_an.html


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