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Blending Quotations. The Basics. Always integrate quotations into your text. NEVER just “drop” a quotation in your writing! In other words, don’t let a piece of textual evidence stand alone as its own sentence (unless it’s multiple sentences long).

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The basics
The Basics

  • Always integrate quotations into your text.

  • NEVER just “drop” a quotation in your writing!

    • In other words, don’t let a piece of textual evidence stand alone as its own sentence (unless it’s multiple sentences long).

  • Use your own words to introduce a quotation.

  • I should only recognize a quote because I see the quotation marks!


How to improve blending quotes
How To Improve Blending Quotes

  • Use only the most effective part of the quotation.

  • Maintain a smooth sentence style.

  • Use ellipses (…) when necessary

  • Remember to use brackets [ ] if you add or change a word.

  • Use signal phrases which precede the quote.


Example from tkam
Example from TKAM

  • Original example:

    • Mr. Radley is an unattractive man. “He was a thin leathery man with colorless eyes, so colorless they did not reflect light” (Lee 32).

  • See how the quote is just “dropped in?”


Example from tkam cont d
Example from TKAM (cont’d)

  • Original — unblended:

    • Mr. Radley is an unattractive man. “He was a thin leathery man with colorless eyes, so colorless they did not reflect light” (Lee 32).

  • Smoother integration — well blended:

    • Mr. Radley is unattractive, a “thin leathery man with colorless eyes” (Lee 32).

    • The part about his eyes reflecting light is omitted as extraneous information, unimportant to the purpose.

  • Smoother integration – with a signal phrase:

    • Harper Lee describes Mr. Radley as “a thin leathery man with colorless eyes…[that] did not reflect light” (32).


Another example
Another Example

  • Original:

    • This becomes apparent when Hemingway hints of a storm on the move. “The shadow of a cloud moved across the field of grain” (Hemingway 179).

  • Smoothly blended into sentence:

    • The danger of the approaching storm became apparent, as “the shadow of a cloud [moved] across the field of grain” (Hemingway 179).


Student examples from a night timed writing
Student Examples from a Night Timed Writing

  • Original:

    • Now, as Rabbi Eliahu searches hopelessly for the son that had abandoned him, Elie renounces his faith completely. “In spite of myself, a prayer formed inside of me, a prayer to this God in whom I no longer believed” (Wiesel 91).

  • A suggested revision:

    • Now, as Rabbi Eliahu searched hopelessly for the son that had abandoned him, “a prayer formed inside [Elie]…to this God in whom [he] no longer believed,” and he renounced his faith completely (Wiesel 91).


More student examples
More Student Examples

  • Original:

    • Night also represents the fire that killed so many people. “Just as the train stopped, this time we saw flames rising from a chimney into a dark sky” (Wiesel 28).

  • A suggested revision:

    • Wiesel suggests night represents death by fire as he and other passengers witness “flames rising from a chimney into a dark sky,” which are no doubt burning people alive (Wiesel 28).


More student examples1
More Student Examples

  • Original:

    • You start to see Elie’s disgust with himself fairly early in the book. “What had happened to me? My father had been struck in front of me, and I had not even blinked” (Wiesel 39).

  • A suggested revision:

    • Elie is disgusted with himself after his father was beaten right “in front of [him], and [he] had not even blinked” (Wiesel 39). He begins in that moment to question his own values, as his concern for his father appears to decrease.


More student examples2
More Student Examples

  • Original:

    • Throughout the book, most of the killings or horrible events occur during the night. “They must of taken him away before daybreak and taken him to the crematorium” (Wiesel 112).

  • A suggested revision:

    • Throughout the book, many horrible events including the killings occur during the night. Indeed, Wiesel tells of a man “taken…away before daybreak… to the crematorium” (Wiesel 112).



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