Behaviorism and cognitivism by laura urquieta
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 12

LEARNING THEORIES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Behaviorism and Cognitivism By: Laura Urquieta. LEARNING THEORIES. Clark l. hull. American Psychologist Erned BS and Master’s degree on the University of Michigan His PhD in1918 on the University of Wisconsin- Masison. Clark l. hall (1884 – 1952) behavior theorist.

Download Presentation

LEARNING THEORIES

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Behaviorism and cognitivism by laura urquieta

Behaviorism and Cognitivism

By: Laura Urquieta

LEARNING THEORIES


Clark l hull

Clark l. hull


Clark l hall 1884 1952 behavior theorist

American Psychologist

Erned BS and Master’s degree on the University of Michigan

His PhD in1918 on the University of Wisconsin-Masison

Clark l. hall (1884 – 1952)behavior theorist


Contrubutions

  • 1940- Mathematico-Deductive Theory of Rote Learning

  • 1943 Principles of Behavior

  • Formula for Motivation

    • (sEr=sHr*D)

    • sEr= excitatiry potential

    • sHr= Habit strenghth

    • D= Drive strength

Contrubutions


Drive theory

Clark Hull come up with the Drive Theory which involves Motivation and psychology.

Motivation: Organism the prime factor of motivation, “Organisms suffer deprivation, Deprivation creates needs, needs activate drives, drives activate behavior, behavior is goal directed”(Pedia view)

Psychology: The study of mind, science, and behavior. The understanding of the behavior and the mental process.

Drive Theory


Dr m david merrill

Dr. m. David Merrill


David s merrill cognitive theorist

1961- Earned BA in Brigham Young University

1964- Earned Ph.D from University of Illinois

19787- Joined faculty of Utah State University where we continues to research there.

Authored 12 books, numerous articles, technical reports and book chapters.

David's MerrillCognitive theorist


Merrill s contribution

Component Display Theory:

  • This learning theory describes all the point of a single object.

  • Will not jump into different object or ideas

  • Completed when object is well described and learned.

Merrill’s contribution


Continue cdt

  • Three parts to form CDT:

    • First a performance that covers the objective that is selected to the audience preference.

      • Facts (names, dates and events)

      • Concepts- Symbols, events, and objective

      • Proccedures- steps, sequence, goals

      • Principles- cause and effect

      • Remembering- recall the information

      • Using- know where to use and whhere to apply

      • Finding- look for new ideas

Continue (cdt)


Continue cdt1

  • Second four presentation outline

    • Rules

    • Examples

    • Recall

    • Practive

      Other Forms- Prerequisites, Objectives, Helps, Mnemonics

      Feedback

  • Third a final direction based on the performance and the four presentation outline.

Continue (CDT)


Summary application of learning theories on adult education

  • Hull’s driven theory enables students to pursue goals and objectives.

    • Ex. Students can get motivated by knowing that now we have online class and can accomplish their goals.

  • Merrill’s component display theory helps adults understand the objectives through the means of single objective.

    • Ex. The discussion questions where the students get feedback about their topic.

Summary: Application of learning theories on adult education


Bibliography

Copper, S. (2009). M. davidmerrill and component display theory. Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology, Retrieved from

http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/merrill.html

Clark, D. (2010). Merrill's component display theory. Big Dog & little dog performance juxtaposition, Retrieved from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learning/id/component_display.html

Clark L. Hull . Pedia view. Retrieved March 13, 2011, from http://pediaview.com/openpedia/Clark_L._Hull

Drive Theory. Pedia view. Retrieved March 13, 2011, from http://pediaview.com/openpedia/Drive_Theory

Bibliography


  • Login