Chapter 11 education in the 1980 s reagan bush and neoconservative reform
Download
1 / 31

Chapter 11 Education In The 1980’s: Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 11 Education In The 1980’s: Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform. GILED 703 History of American Education Gorse – Koch- Piper – Glenn - Shields. Introduction. The 1980’s were important in moving American education to a new reform agenda that involved everyone including:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 11 Education In The 1980’s: Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform' - gitel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 11 education in the 1980 s reagan bush and neoconservative reform

Chapter 11Education In The 1980’s:Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform

GILED 703

History of American Education

Gorse – Koch- Piper – Glenn - Shields


Introduction
Introduction

The 1980’s were important in moving American education to a new reform agenda that involved everyone including:

School Principals

Teachers

Pupils



Basic education1
Basic Education

“A Return To The Basics”


The politics of education carter to reagan
The Politics Of EducationCarter to Reagan


President jimmy carter
President Jimmy Carter

Major role in effecting establishment of the Department of Education in 1979


President ronald reagan
President Ronald Reagan

Sought To:

- focus the nation’s attention on the need for educational reform

- use the federal government to encourage reform initiatives by state and local school districts

- encourage specific educational initiatives such as merit review and pay for teachers and the restoration of discipline, patriotism, and traditional school values.

- reduce federal expenditures for education


Terrel h bell
Terrel H. Bell

Secretary of Education

Term: 1981-1985


A nation at risk
A Nation At Risk

Terrel Bell appointed the National Commission on Excellence in Education in 1981. Chaired by David L. Gardner, president of the University of California.

Commission was to review the quality of education in the county’s schools & colleges.


A nation at risk1
A Nation At Risk

In 1983, the Commission on Excellence issued its report, A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform.


A nation at risk2
A Nation At Risk

- School Curriculum

- Teacher Education ( science & math)

- Measures to Access Teacher Competency

- Alternatives to the Conventional Teacher Salary

- Businesses and Schools to Develop Educational Partnerships


A nation at risk indianapolis 1983
A Nation At RiskIndianapolis - 1983



Action for excellence
Action For Excellence

- Report of the Educational Commission of the States National Task Force on Education for Economic Growth.

- Chaired by Governor James Hunt of North Carolina

- Examined American education in relationship to economic productivity


Action for excellence1
Action For Excellence

The commission sought to devise strategies for improving the quality of high school graduates.

Areas that would aid in national economic growth & productivity.


Secondary education reform
Secondary Education Reform

Ernest L. Boyer’s High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America.

(The Carnegie Foundation)

Coleman & Selby’s Educating Americans for the 21st Century.

Theodore Sizer’s A Study of High Schools.


Secondary education reform common themes of the reports
Secondary Education ReformCommon Themes of the Reports

- Lower academic standards

- Increased discipline problems

- Lower student academic performance

- Secondary school curriculum was diluted and lacked academic vigor

- Low achievement in math and science


Competency testing
Competency Testing

By 1988, forty-six states required some form of teacher competency testing.

Came about by national reports done in the 1980’s. A Nation at Risk was one of those reports.


Out with the old in with the new
Out With The OldIn With The New





Education initiatives bush administration
Education InitiativesBush Administration

- federal vouchers available to parents so that their children could attend public or private school of choice

- voluntary testing program in key subjects that would constitute a national curriculum

- encourage alternative patterns of teacher and school administrator certification


National goals for education 1990 report
National Goals for Education1990 Report

By the Year 2000:

- All American children will enter school ready to learn

- High school graduation rate will reach at least 90%

- All students will demonstrate competency in English, math, science, and history.

- U.S. students will rank # 1 in the world in math and science.

- Every school in U.S. will be drug and violence free.

- Every American adult will be literate and posses the knowledge and skills need for citizenship.


These goals were debated then overshadowed by
These Goals Were Debated then Overshadowed By:

Persian Gulf War

Communist Soviet system break-down


Conclusion effective schooling
ConclusionEffective Schooling

Do to reforms, education in the 1980’s developed into areas where:

- the principal took a strong position as an academic leader

- the teachers formed a cooperative body of educators who worked together to deliver academic instruction efficiently

- the school had clearly announced goals and expectations of its students.


Conclusion effective schooling in the cafeteria
CONCLUSIONEffective Schooling in the Cafeteria


Progress report form 1 the factual base
Progress Report Form # 1The Factual Base

List of Ten Brief “Facts” From Chapter 11

1. Jimmy Carter

2. Ronald Reagan

3. George Bush

4. Basic Education

5. Terrel Bell

6. Nation at Risk

7. Action of Excellence

8. A Study of High Schools

9. AIDS Education

10. National Goals For Education


Progress report form 1 the factual base1
Progress Report Form # 1The Factual Base

List of Nine Important Sources Used

1. American Education 1945-2000 ( A History & Commentary)

2. High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America

3. US News and World Report ( August 1988 )

4. www.deptofeducation.com

5. www.shadysideacademy.org

6. New York Times Magazine ( Oct. 23, 1980)

7. www.ed.gov

8. www.education.yahoo.com

9. Biography of Ronald Reagan


Progress report form 1 the factual base2
Progress Report Form # 1The Factual Base

The Three Important Questions To Investigate

1. Why did Ronald Reagan change his mind on education

when he took office?

2. Why did Reagan appoint Terrel Bell Secretary of Education in 1981?

3. Why was A Nation At Risk an important education report during the 1980’s?


Education in the 1980 s reagan bush and neoconservative reform

Education In The 1980’s:Reagan, Bush, and Neoconservative Reform

THE END

THANK-YOU!


ad