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10 minute Response:. Identify the Civilization that produced the work shown. What characteristics of this civilization’s style are evident in this figure? . Rubric. ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART. Mesopotamian Religion.

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10 minute response
10 minute Response:

Identify the Civilization that produced the work shown. What characteristics of this civilization’s style are evident in this figure?




Mesopotamian religion

Mesopotamian Religion

As people gathered into more organized groups they developed and shared common organized religion.


Gods goddesses demons and monsters
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters

  • The people of Mesopotamia believed that their world was controlled by gods and goddesses, demons and monsters.


Gods goddesses demons and monsters1
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters

  • There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for everything in the world, from rivers and trees to making bread and pottery.


Gods goddesses demons and monsters2
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters

  • Demons were created by the gods with human bodies and animal or bird heads. They could be either evil or good. Monsters were a mixture of animals and birds.


Gods goddesses demons and monsters3
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters

  • Each city was protected by its own special god or goddess and their family. Large temples were built in the centre of the city for these gods to live in. Priests looked after the gods with special rituals. There were also smaller temples throughout the city where ordinary people could make offerings.












Gods goddesses demons and monsters4
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

  • The Mesopotamian scribes compiled long lists of their gods.There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for every thing in the world, from rivers and mountains to making bread or pottery.


Gods goddesses demons and monsters5
Gods, Goddesses, Demons and Monsters gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

  • The gods were known by different names depending on whether the scribes wrote Sumerian or Akkadian.


Jericho
Jericho gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

Title: Human Skull

Date: 6,000 – 5,500 BCE

Great Stone Tower


Atal h y k
Çatal Höyük gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Reproduction of landscape scene of atal h y k
Reproduction of gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Landscape Scene of ÇatalHöyük

Medium: wall paintingLocation: ÇatalHöyük, Turkey Date: 6,150 BCE


Chronology
Chronology gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Remember the timeline
REMEMBER THE TIMELINE! gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Sumer 3 500 2 340 bce
SUMER (3,500 – 2,340 BCE) gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Cuneiform
CUNEIFORM gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Ziggurat
ZIGGURAT gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

Drawing of Anu Ziggurat & White Temple, Uruk

White Temple sanctuary

3100 BCE


Warka head
Warka gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Head

Inlaid with colored materials

Medium: Marble

Size: height approx. 8" (20.3 cm)

Date: c. 3300–3000 BCE

Location: Uruk (present-day Warka, Iraq)


Warka vase
Warka gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Vase

Medium: Alabaster Stone

Date: c. 2900–2600 BCELocation: Uruk (present-day Warka, Iraq)


Votive figures
Votive gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Figures

Medium: Limestone, alabaster, and gypsumSize: various sizesDate: c. 2900–2600 BCELocation: The Square

Temple, Eshnunna

(present-day

Tell Asmar,

Iraq).


Nanna moon god ziggurat ur
Nanna gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment........... (moon god) Ziggurat, Ur

Date: c. 2100–2050 BCE

Location: Present-day Muqaiyir, Iraq


The great lyre with bull s head
The Great Lyre with bull gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........’s head

Medium: Wood with gold, silver, lapis lazuli, bitumen, and shell, reassembled in modern wood support

Size: maximum length of lyre 55½”

Date: c. 2550–2400 BCE

Location: Royal tomb, Ur (present-day Muqaiyir, Iraq)


Akkad 2 300 2 150 bce
AKKAD (2,300 – 2,150 BCE) gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Akkadian ruler
Akkadian gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........ruler

Medium: Copper Alloy

Size: height 14⅜"

Date: c. 2300–2200 BCE

Location: Nineveh (present-day Kuyunjik, Iraq)


Stele of naram sin
Stele of gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Naram-Sin

Medium: Limestone

Size: height 6'6" (1.98 m)

Date: c. 2220–2184 BCE


Votive statue of gudea
Votive Statue of gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Gudea

Medium: Diorite

Size: height 29" (73.7 cm)

Date: c. 2090 BCE

Neo-Sumerian Lagash Dynasty

Location: Girsu (present-day Telloh, Iraq)


Stele of hammurabi
Stele of gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Hammurabi

Medium: Diorite

Size: height of stele approx. 7’, height of relief 28“

Date: c. 1792–1750 BCE

Babylon

Location: Susa (present-day Shush, Iran)


Shamash gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

Hammurabi


Hittite c 1600 1200 b c e
Hittite gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........(c. 1600-1200 B.C.E)


Lion gate
Lion gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Gate

Date: c. 1400 B.C.E.

Location: Boghazkoy, Turkey


Assyria 1 000 620 bce
ASSYRIA (1,000 – 620 BCE) gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........


Ziggurat gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

Palace Complex

Kings Quarters

52‘Platform

courtyard

Reconstruction drawing of the citadel and palace complex of Sargon II

Locaion: Dur Sharrukin (Present-Day Khorsabad, Iraq). Date: C. 721–706 BCE


Lamassu
Lamassu gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

Medium: Limestone

Size: height 10'3½"

Date: 883–859 BCE

Location: Palace of Assurnasirpal II, Assyria, Kalhu

Five Legs


Assurnasirpal gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment........... II Killing Lions

Medium: Alabaster

Size: height approx. 39" (99.1 cm)

Date: c. 850 BCE

Location: Palace complex of Assurnasirpal II, Kalhu


Neo babylonia 620 539 bce
Neo-Babylonia gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........(620 – 539 BCE)


Ishtar gate and throne room wall
Ishtar Gate and Throne Room gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Wall

Medium: Glazed brick

Size: height of gate originally 40 feet with towers rising 100 feet.

Date: c. 575 BCE


Achaemenids persia 539 331 bce
Achaemenids (Persia) gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........(539 – 331 BCE)


Architectural plan persepolis
Architectural Plan, gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Persepolis

Date: c. 518–460 BCE

Location: Iran


Darius and xerxes receiving tribute
Darius and Xerxes Receiving gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........Tribute

Medium: Limestone

Size: height 8'4"

Date: 491–486 BCE

Location: Detail of a relief from the stairway leading to the Apadana, Persepolis, Iran


Summary response
Summary Response gods and goddesses, who had brought life to the humans, were happy......... for the moment...........

  • Summarize some of the main themes and conceptual idea for the period.

  • Identify major figures of the period.


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