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TENTH AFRICAN OIL & GAS TRADE AND FINANCE CONFERENCE. El Aurassi Hotel, Algiers 2-5 April 2006 Regional Energy Integration in Africa – An Input from WEC By Michel Claude LOKOLO Ministry of Energy - CAMEROON. NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD RECORD. About WEC. WEC - World Energy Council

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tenth african oil gas trade and finance conference

El Aurassi Hotel, Algiers

2-5 April 2006

Regional Energy Integration

in Africa – An Input from WEC


Michel Claude LOKOLO

Ministry of Energy - CAMEROON


about wec
About WEC

WEC - World Energy Council

  • Multi-energy organisation;
  • Founded in 1923; Headquarter = London;
  • Mission - “promote sustainable supply and use of energy for the greatest benefit of all”;
  • Members = national committees;
  • 96 member country committees;
  • 22 Committees in Africa;
  • <www.worldenergy.org>
africa s energy poverty1
Africa’s Energy Poverty
  • 60-80% total energy consumed is traditional biomass;
  • Africa consumes 3% of the world’s modern energy;
  • Low per capita total primary energy supply, biomass included

World 1640 koe/cap

Africa 630

  • more than 90% of Africans do not have access to electricity
  • Low per capita electricity consumption

World 2326 kWh/cap

Africa 515

the long way from lagos
The Long Way From Lagos
  • 25 years ago, another oil price increase, which became the second oil crisis, has urged generous thoughts to African Leaders.
  • Access to energy should not became an obstacle to socio-economic advancement of their continent. 
  • African countries should find ways to share their energy resources.
the long way from lagos1
The Long Way From Lagos
  • So was envisioned “Energy cooperation within African countries” in a famous declaration known as the “Lagos Action Plan” (1980).
  • Various contributions have been deployed in that respect at various levels to support and bring these thoughts into existence:
  • UNDP, World Bank, Other UN bodies, Sub-Regional Economic Commissions, AfDB (African Development Bank), WEC (world energy council), NEPAD (New Parternship for African Development).
wec s contribution
WEC’s Contribution

WEC in its regional programme in Africa has pushed further the work initiated by the AfDB - In two phases.

Phase One of WEC’s study has shown that:

  • Energy cooperation in Africa is building up;
  • It grows no matter the various obstacles;
  • It needs to be enhanced.
wec s contribution1
WEC’s Contribution

Phase Two has tried to harness the lessons from some “successful stories”

  • that could serve as reference knowledge in other energy cooperation projects and,
  • that could specifically serve in the development of some of the projects identified in the NEPAD Short Term Action Plan (STAP).
wec s contribution2
WEC’s Contribution

Phase Two has focused on some of the issues that have appeared of great importance for Africa:

  • Hydropower;
  • Natural gas;
  • Assessment of African experience in regional electricity interconnection;
  • Assessment of African experience in cross-border gas projects.
wec s contribution3
WEC’s Contribution

Hydropower development

And specifically “big hydro” and dams construction have become a contentious subject in the international debate related to the social and environmental impacts of dams.

Hydropower is an energy resource that is available in Africa and that can be adequately developed with due consideration to these social and environmental impacts.

wec s contribution4
WEC’s Contribution

Hydropower development

Nelson Mandela about this controversy on dams (2000):

“The problem is not the dams. It is the hunger. It is the thirst. It is the darkness of a township. It is the rural huts without running water, light or sanitation”.

wec s contribution5
WEC’s Contribution

Natural gas development

Can play a significant role for the betterment of the continent’s energy situation:

Some of it has been and is still being flared in some countries;

Its development and use will be a positive step vis-à-vis the climate change global issue.

wec s contribution6
WEC’s Contribution

Natural gas development

Its development and use depends on market development in Africa and beyond.

Some interesting projects to come:

  • WAGP (Nigeria-Ghana and beyond)
  • NIGAL - Trans Saharan gas pipeline (from Nigeria to Algeria and beyond).
wec s contribution7
WEC’s Contribution

Regional electricity interconnection

Some lessons from the SAPP (Southern Africa Power Pool) can be useful to some identified projects in the NEPAD S.T.A.P.

wec s contribution8
WEC’s Contribution

Cross-border gas projects

Some lessons from the Transmed

(Algeria - Tunisia - Italy gas pipeline)

could be useful to the WAGP.

wec s contribution9
WEC’s Contribution
  • 1st Report (Phase I)

“The Potential for Integrated Energy Development in Africa - a Discussion Document”; (December 2003).

  • 2nd Report (Phase II)

“Regional Energy Integration in Africa”;

(September 2005).

  • WEC can contribute to support the efforts aiming the reduction of energy poverty in Africa.