Public movements for j ustice and peace
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Public Movements for J ustice and Peace. a short overview from 1960s to our days. The early 60s situation. About 15 years of Cold War -- First nuclear arms race in history -- Cuban Missile Crisis (Caribbean Crisis ) Vietnam War had lasted for 5 years

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Public Movements for J ustice and Peace

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Public movements for j ustice and peace

PublicMovementsfor JusticeandPeace

a short overview from 1960s

to our days


The early 60s situation

The early 60s situation

  • About 15 years of Cold War --

  • First nuclear arms race in history --

  • Cuban Missile Crisis (Caribbean Crisis )

  • Vietnam War had lasted for 5 years

  • Terrible situation for Black people and women


The beginning

The beginning

Movement for Equal Rights and Against Racial Prejudices

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. – philosophy of non-violence

  • In 1.2.1960 four of black guys began sitting strike in front of the café where they were refused to be served because of racial reasons.

  • Tens, hundreds, thousands of people joined them all over the country

  • In 5.12.1960 US Supreme Court prohibited racial segregation in public places

  • Movement rose. Demonstrations. Arrests. Protests. Murder of Malcolm X.


Hippy

Hippy

Who were they and where did they come from?

The beginning – around 1965 – when the baby-boomers grew up.

New generation wanted to get rid of old, archaic, nobody’s needed puritanical norms of behavior.

Ideology

For: Love, Peace and Freedom, Tolerance and Equality.

Against: Prohibitions and Restrictions, Xenophobia and all kinds of intolerance, existing establishment and its inhuman politics


Sexual revolution

Sexual Revolution

  • Previous 30 years period is very puritanical and conformist and contradicted natural human sexual behaviors

  • the development of the birth control pill in 1960 gave women access to easy and reliable contraception

  • Growing Hippy movement and its free-love approach

  • main change was not that people had more sex or different types of sex, it was simply that they talked about it more openly than previous generations had done.


Activism

Activism

  • Protests against nuclear weapons (sit-ins, demos, marches)

  • Anti Vietnam War protests all over the county

  • Common action with Black communities for equal rights

  • Free Press

  • First Ecological Protests (antinuclear and ‘cause oil flew out)


Political hippies yippy

Political hippies – Yippy!

Abbey Hoffman – yippy founder

His fun-fake-actions:

  • LSD in drinking water

  • Piggy - candidate

  • Drug-sex-spray press-conference

  • Flying Pentagon


1968 democratic convention

1968 Democratic Convention

  • Peaceful Antiwar

    Demonstration was planned

  • During 8 days and nights

    there were street fights

    between 10 000 of antiwar

    activist and 12 000 of police-

    men, FBI and CIA agents,

    Soldiers and National guards.

  • All World is Watching!

  • Then in few month – Court over Chicago Eight.

  • Existing authorities lost their power


Legacy

Legacy

  • It was successful cultural revolution

  • New fashion, Pop Art and Rock-music

  • It changed attitudes towards black people, women, queers and other minorities.

  • It was one of main reasons of ending Vietnam War

  • It gave new understanding of what Peace is

  • It showed connections between Earth and every person on it.


What happened in the next 20 years

What happenedin the next 20 years?


Late 80s early 90s

Late 80s – Early 90s

  • 1989 - The fall of the Berlin Wall – The end of revolutions.

  • Situation in Eastern Europe – USSR fell apart


Why these what s wrong about them

Why these? What’s wrong about them?

  • IMF and WB

  • WTO

  • IOM

  • G8

  • Transnational corporations

  • Wars

  • Economical Globilization, Neoliberalism and global capitalism


Alterglobalists protest actions

Alterglobalists’ protestactions


Public movements for j ustice and peace

Seattle 1999 - WTO


Public movements for j ustice and peace

Prague 2000 –WB/IMF


Public movements for j ustice and peace

Genoa 2001 / G8 summit


Some more about alterglobalists mobilization

Some more about Alterglobalists’ mobilization

  • November 30, 1999 – Seattle, WTO Third Ministerial conference

  • April 16, 2000 – Washington, DC, IMF

  • May 1, 2000 – Global, May Day protests

  • July 29, 2000 – Philadelphia, Republican National Convention

  • August 11, 2000 – Los Angeles, USA, Democratic National Convention

  • September 11, 2000 – Melbourne, World Economic Forum

  • September 26, 2000 – Prague, Czech Republic, World Bank/IMF

  • November 20, 2000 – Montreal, Quebec, G20 meeting

  • January 20, 2001 – Washington, DC, Bush inauguration

  • January 27, 2001 – Davos, Switzerland, World Economic Forum

  • April 20, 2001 – Quebec City, Canada, Summit of the Americas (FTAA)

  • June 15, 2001 – Gothenburg, Sweden EU Summit

  • July 20, 2001 – Genoa, Italy G8 Summit

  • September 29, 2001 – Washington, DC, Anti-capitalist anti-war protests

  • February 1, 2002 – New York City, USA / Porto Alegre, Brazil World Economic Forum / World Social Forum

  • March 15, 2002 – Barcelona, Spain EU Summit

  • April 20, 2002 – Washington, DC (War on Terrorism)

  • November 4 to November 10 – Florence, Italy, First European Social Forum

  • June 26, 2002 – Calgary, Alberta, and Ottawa, Ontario, G8 summit at Kananaskis, Alberta J26 G8 Protests

  • September 27, 2002 – Washington, DC, IMF/World Bank

  • weekend of February 15, 2003, March, April – Global protests against war on Iraq about 12 million antiwar protesters

  • July 28, 2003 – Montreal, Quebec

  • September 14, 2003 – Cancún, Mexico – Fifth Ministerial of the WTO collapses [19]

  • October, 2003 – regional WEF meeting in Dublin, European Competitiveness Summit, cancelled [20]

  • November 20, 2003 – Miami Mobilization against the Free Trade Area of the Americas FTAA

  • July 2 to July 8, 2005 – Edinburgh, Glasgow and Gleneagles, Scotland Protests against the G8 Summit

What’s gonna be then?


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