Comparative law spring 2002 professor susanna fischer
Download
1 / 23

Comparative Law Spring 2002 Professor Susanna Fischer - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

Comparative Law Spring 2002 Professor Susanna Fischer. CLASS 21 FRENCH LEGAL PROFESSION II Feb. 27, 2002. French Legal Profession. Professor Ren é David has stated: “there is no general concept of a legal profession in France.” Is that true?. Wrap-Up: French Legal Profession.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Comparative Law Spring 2002 Professor Susanna Fischer' - gisela-davis


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Comparative law spring 2002 professor susanna fischer

Comparative Law Spring 2002Professor Susanna Fischer

CLASS 21

FRENCH LEGAL PROFESSION II

Feb. 27, 2002


French legal profession
French Legal Profession

  • Professor René David has stated: “there is no general concept of a legal profession in France.”

  • Is that true?


Wrap up french legal profession
Wrap-Up: French Legal Profession

  • There is no concept of an Einheitsjurist in the French legal profession. Rather, training depends on which branch of the legal profession a student aspires to join


Main legal professions in france
Main legal professions in France

  • Avocat

  • Avocats aux conseils

  • Notaires

  • Avoués

  • Huissiers de Justice


A little historical background on profession of avocat
A Little Historical Background on Profession of Avocat

  • In 1990, the profession of avocat, which had exclusive rights of audience in most courts, was merged with another branch of the profession, conseil juridiques who (created in 1971 under a previous reform law) had the function of giving advice, drafting documents (though not notarial deeds), and had only limited rights of representation. Conseil juridiques most often were corporate and tax lawyers. Reformed because it was seen in the public interest for clients to just have 1 lawyer


Wrap up becoming an avocat
Wrap-Up: Becoming an Avocat

  • Masters degree in Law

  • Followed by Professional Stage – if you pass an entrance exam you study at a regional bar school and if you pass the final exam you obtan the CAPA

  • 2 year period of “apprenticeship” as avocat stagiaire

  • Admission


Bar association
Bar Association

  • Avocats must be a member of a local Bar Association (barreau) – 1 per each local Tribunal de Grande Instance

  • There is also a National Bar Council

  • Of the approximately 33,000 avocats, 13,000 are members of the barreau de Paris.


Becoming an avocat aux conseils
Becoming an Avocat aux Conseils

  • Remember: these have a monopoly on right to represent clients before Cour de Cassation and Conseil d’Etat

  • They hold a public office

  • There are about 90 of these avocats aux conseils

  • How do you become an avocat aux conseils?


Becoming an avocat aux conseils1
Becoming an Avocat aux Conseils

  • Appointed

  • Must take an entrance exam

  • Also must do a separate stage


Becoming an avou pr s des courts d appel
Becoming an Avoué près des Courts d’Appel

  • Remember: there used to be a separate profession of avoué who were similar to British solicitors, but in 1971 almost all were merged with avocats

  • But the separate profession was retained for proceedings before the 30 Cours d’Appel

  • Why?


Becoming an avou pr s des courts d appel1
Becoming an Avoué près des Courts d’Appel

  • But the separate profession was retained for proceedings before the 30 Cours d’Appel

  • Why? Justification is that appellate court proceedings are quite complex.

  • There are about 400 avoués; around 120 of them are women

  • How do you become an avoué?


Becoming an avou pr s des courts d appel2
Becoming an Avoué près des Courts d’Appel

  • How do you become an avoué?

  • Must pass professional examinations

  • Must complete 2 year period of practical training


Becoming a judge
Becoming a Judge

  • Unlike England (or at least in part, the United States), judges are not appointed from the ranks of experienced advocates

  • Does this surprise you?


Becoming a judge1
Becoming a Judge

  • French procedure requires that judges exercise different functions than judges in common law systems with adversarial trials


Career judiciary
Career Judiciary

  • Most judges in regular court system are graduates of the Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature in Bordeaux (ENM)

  • Administrative judges generally graduate from Ecole National D’Administration (based Paris and Strasbourg)

  • Some judges come out of the civil service, or academics, some from ranks of advocates

  • Lay judges


ENM

  • Open to French nationals who have the University masters degree or, inter alia, 4 years civil service experience

  • Competitive extrance exam (concours) or proof of 3 years legal exerience as avocats

  • Women comprise 65% of applicants


ENM

  • 31 months training – includes academic study, placement with company/administrative body, and 1 year period spent working at a court

  • Final examination. Best results give you more choice of position.


ENA

  • Created in 1945 to train students for top careers in the administration

  • Open to those with law degree or certain experience (e.g. civil service, trade unions)

  • Competitive entrance exam

  • 3 year course

  • Has period of practical training

  • Fiinal exam


Huissier de justice
Huissier de Justice

  • These have a monopoly over certain mainly procedural functions like service of writs and execution of judges (like bailiffs). They also act as court ushers. They may also perform certain fact investigations for the courts.

  • There are around 3500 of them.

  • How do you become a huissier de justice?


Huissier de justice1
Huissier de Justice

  • How do you become a huissier de justice?

  • Get a masters degree in law, work for 2 years as a stagiaire, and pass professional examinations


Notaire
Notaire

  • What is a notaire?

  • How do you become a notaire?


Notaire1
Notaire

  • They are public officers who draft/give authenticity to certain documents that require formality under the law (such as marriage contracts and real property deeds). You also usually hire a notaire to make a will, or to advise family members on financial matters

  • There are about 8,000 notaires


Training to become a notaire
Training to Become a Notaire

  • Need a maîtrise en droit

  • Then must take professional examinations

  • 2 year practical training as notaire stagiaire


ad