Colonizing Massachusetts Colony Chapter 13. Chapter 13. King Henry threw out the Catholic Church and started the Anglican Church The times were very religious and the intolerable differences started wars PILGRIM: anyone who takes a trip for religious purpose
King Henry threw out the Catholic Church and started the Anglican Church
The times were very religious and the intolerable differences started wars
PILGRIM: anyone who takes a trip for religious purpose
First pilgrims were from Seperatists and Saints church
They draw this up when they get to America because the Pilgrims knew they needed to get along
King doesn’t realize that these people will not let others rule them for much longer
Let’s take a look at this document…and how it came about….
Pilgrims- religious dissenters called Separatists
Strangers- merchants, craftsmen, skilled workers and indentured servants; several young orphans
The Pilgrims signed a contract with a group of London stockholders and in return the stockholders would share the profits!
Are we there yet?
They landed in Cape Cod…which was way north of their destination!
Almost immediately fighting broke out
Cape Cod was out of the jurisdiction of the Virginia Company
The troublemakers threatened to do as they pleased
They faced a real crisis before they even stepped ashore.
Writing the Compact was considerably harder than they thought: 100 people, cut off from any govt. AND a rebellion brewing
Leaders realized they needed a temporary govt.
Before they even stepped off of the Mayflower both parties: Pilgrims and “strangers” made a written agreement or compact
This pattern of church self-government was the model; idea of self govt. for the 1st time in the New World
6. What events forced the passengers on the Mayflower to write and sign the Mayflower Compact?
7. Who controlled the govt. in England where the Pilgrims came from?
8. Who was allowed to sign the Mayflower Compact?
9. Who got to decide how to worship God in each Separatist church?
10. Who did the passengers declare their loyalty to?
1st governor was John Carver
2nd was William Bradford, age 31
1639 deputies were sent to represent each town at the General Court sessions
Now not only self-rule, but representative government
English Magna Carta
Continued the idea of law made by the people
Heart of democracy
Meant colonist’s law (eventually)
Made a SIGNIFICANT contribution to a new democratic nation!
Who was elected governor of the colony?
Who assembled to elect the governor of Plymouth?
How did the representative government begin in America?
What is the most important idea contained in the Mayflower Compact?
1620 IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the first Colony in the northern Parts of Virginia; Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid: And by Virtue hereof do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due Submission and Obedience. IN WITNESS whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape-Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini; 1620.
What do you think the signers mean by a “civil body politic”?
What will the civil body politic do “from time to time”?
What do the signers promise loyalty to?
Why do you feel the colonists felt a need to establish a government?
What might have happened if the people on the Mayflower had not established a government?