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Food Safety: What You DON'T Know. CAN. Hurt YOU!. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension in Lancaster County. Joyce Jensen, REHS, CFSP. Alice Henneman, MS, RD. Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Dept. I wish I’d known these things!. February 2007.

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Food Safety: What You DON'T Know

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Food safety what you don t know

Food Safety:

What You DON'T Know

CAN

Hurt YOU!


Food safety what you don t know

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension in Lancaster County

Joyce Jensen, REHS, CFSP

Alice Henneman, MS, RD

Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Dept.

I wish I’d known these things!

February 2007

Download this PowerPoint at http://lancaster.unl.edu/food/myths.shtml


10 safety myths

10 Safety Myths

Don’t be “myth”- led!

Following are the facts for 10 common food safety myths...


Myth 1

Myth 1

If it tastes O.K., it's safe to eat.


Fact 1

Smell

Sight

Taste

Fact 1

Don’t counton these to tell you ifa food issafe to eat!


Estimates of foodborne illnesses in the u s each year

Estimates of foodborne illnesses in the U.S. each year

76 million peoplebecome ill

5,000 people die


Food safety what you don t know

Would this many people eat something if they thought it tasted, looked or smelled bad?


Even if tasting would tell

Even if tasting would tell …

Why risk getting sick?

A “tiny taste” may not protect you.

As few as 10 bacteria could cause somefoodborne illnesses, such as E. coli!


Myth 2

OOPS!

Myth 2

If you get sick from eating a food, it was from the last food you ate.


Fact 2

Fact 2

It can take ½ hour to6 weeks to become sickfrom unsafe foods.


Food safety what you don t know

You usually feel OK immediately after eating and become sick later.


Foodborne illness is not a pretty picture

Hey guys, I have to throw up!

Foodborne illness is NOT a pretty picture!


Myth 3

Myth 3

The worst that could happen to you with a foodborne illness is an upset stomach.


Fact 3

Upset stomach

OOPS!

Dehydration(sometimes severe)

Fact 3

Diarrhea

Fever


Less common but possible severe conditions

Meningitis

Death

Less common, but possible severe conditions

Paralysis


Myth 4

Myth 4

If I’ve never been sick from the food I prepare, I don’t need to worry about feeding it to others.


Fact 4

Fact 4

Some people have a greater risk for foodborne illnesses.

A food you can safely eat might make others sick.

Is the food safefor everyone at the table?


People with a higher risk for foodborne illness

Infants

Young children andolder adults

Pregnantwomen

People with weakened immunesystems and individuals withcertain chronic diseases

People with a higher risk for foodborne illness


Myth 5

Myth 5

People never used to get sick from their food.


Fact 5

Fact 5

Many incidents of foodborne illness went undetected in the past.


Food safety what you don t know

Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea were often and still are blamed on the "flu."


Foodborne illness vs flu

Foodborne illness vs. flu


Food safety what you don t know

Bacteria

have

gotten

stronger!


Food safety what you don t know

Our food now travels farther with more chances for contamination.

In days gone by, the chicken served at supper may have been in the hen house at noon!


Myth 6

Myth 6

As long as Ileft the lid on a food that has set out too long, it is safe to eat.


Fact 6

Fact 6

Though food may be safe after cooking, it may not be safe later.

Just one bacteria in the food can double in 20 minutes!


Food safety what you don t know

How many bacteria will grow from one bacterialeft at room temperature 7 hours?


Food safety what you don t know

2,097,152!


Food safety what you don t know

Refrigerateperishable foods within two hours at a refrigerator temperature of 40°F or lower.

On a hot day (90°F or higher), food should not sit out for more than one hour.


Myth 7

Myth 7

If you let a food sit out more than two hours, you can make it safe by heating it really hot!


Fact 7

Fact 7

Some bacteria, such as staphylococcus (staph), produce toxins not destroyed by high cooking temperatures.


Myth 8

Myth 8

If a hamburger is brown in the middle, it is cooked to a safe internal temperature.


Fact 8

Fact 8

1 out of 4 hamburgers turns brown before it has been cooked to a safe internal temperature.

Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm


Which ground beef patty is cooked to a safe internal temperature

Which ground beef patty is cooked to a safe internal temperature?

A

B

Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Servicehttp://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm


Food safety what you don t know

A

B

This is NOT a safely cooked hamburger. Though brown inside, it’s undercooked.

This IS a safely cooked hamburger, (internal temperature of 160ºF), even though pink inside.

Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm


Food safety what you don t know

Research shows some ground beef patties look done at internal temperaturesas low as 135ºF.


Food safety what you don t know

The ONLY way to know food

has been cooked to a safe

internal temperature is to use

a food thermometer!


Food safety what you don t know

Cook to 160°F


Food thermometers thin foods

Food thermometers & thin foods


Myth 9

Myth 9

Meat and poultry should be washed before cooking.


Fact 9

Fact 9

Washing is NOT necessary or recommended.


Food safety what you don t know

Washing increasesthe danger of cross-contamination,spreading bacteriapresent on thesurface of meat andpoultry to:

  • ready-to-eat foods

  • kitchen utensils

  • counter surfaces.


Food safety what you don t know

Cooking meat and poultry to the recommended internal temperature will make them safe to eat.


Usda recommended safe minimum internal temperatures

USDA Recommended Safe Minimum Internal Temperatures

  • Steaks & Roasts - 145°F

  • Fish - 145°F

  • Pork - 160°F

  • Ground Beef - 160°F

  • Egg Dishes - 160°F

  • Chicken Breasts - 165°F

  • Whole Poultry - 165°F


Myth 10

Myth 10

We shouldbe scared of eating almost everything!


Fact 10

Fact 10

“... the American food supply continues to be among the safest in the world.”

Robert E. Brackett, Ph.D., Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, November 15, 2006 at

http://help.senate.gov/Hearings/2006_11_15/Brackett.pdf


Food safety what you don t know

I'm not afraid of storms, for I'm learning how to sail my ship.

Proper foodhandling helpsassure foodis safe to eat. 4 steps follow ...

Louisa May Alcott, Author


Remember when in doubt

Remember: When in doubt ...

TOSS IT OUT!!!


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