航运业务英语函电
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航运业务英语函电. Insurance. 1.Prospective risks in shipping( 海运中的可能风险) Basic Coverage 基本险别 Extraneous Coverage 附加险. Prospective risks in shipping 海运中可能发生的风险. 1) Perils of Sea 海上风险:自然灾害和意外事故 2) Extraneous Risks 外来风险:偷窃、雨淋、短量、渗漏、玷污、破碎、串味、受潮、钩损、锈损等原因造成一一般外来风险,以及由于战争、罢工、进口国拒绝或没收等造成的特殊风险。.

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航运业务英语函电

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航运业务英语函电


Insurance

Insurance

  • 1.Prospective risks in shipping(海运中的可能风险)

  • Basic Coverage 基本险别

  • Extraneous Coverage 附加险


Prospective risks in shipping

Prospective risks in shipping 海运中可能发生的风险

  • 1) Perils of Sea

    海上风险:自然灾害和意外事故

  • 2) Extraneous Risks

    外来风险:偷窃、雨淋、短量、渗漏、玷污、破碎、串味、受潮、钩损、锈损等原因造成一一般外来风险,以及由于战争、罢工、进口国拒绝或没收等造成的特殊风险。


Basic coverage

Basic Coverage

  • 平安险(Free from Particular Average, F.P.A)

  • 水渍险(With Particular Average, W.P.A)

  • 一切险(All Risks, AR)


Extraneous coverage

Extraneous Coverage附加险

1)一般附加险:

  • 偷窃提货不着险(Theft, Pilferage and Non-delivery, T.P.N.D)

  • 淡水雨淋险(Fresh Water &/or Rain Damage)

  • 短量险(Risk of Shortage)

  • 混杂玷污险(Risk of Intermixture and Contamination)

  • 渗漏险(Risk of Leakage)

  • 碰损破碎险(Risk of Clash and Breakage)

  • 串味险(Risk of Odour)

  • 钩损险(Hook Damage)

  • 受潮受热险(Damage Caused by Sweating and Heating)


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  • 包装破裂险(Breakage of Packing)

  • 锈损险(Risk of Rust)

    2)、特殊附加险:

  • 战争险(War Risk)

  • 罢工险(Strikes Risk)

  • 交货不到险(Failure to Delivery)

  • 进口关税险(Import Duty Risk)

  • 舱面险(On Deck Risk)

  • 拒收险(Rejection Risk)

  • 黄曲霉素险(Aflatoxin)


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 保险费核算

进出口交易中,在以CIF术语成交的情况下,出口商需要首先向保险公司查询保险费率,用以核算保险费

  • 保险金额=CIF货价×(1+保险加成率)

  • 保险费=保险金额×保险费率

    在进出口贸易中,根据有关的国际惯例,保险加成率通常为10%。出口商也可根据进口商的要求与保险公司约定不同的保险加成率。


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  • 例如:商品001的CIF价格为USD8937.6,进口商要求按成交价格的110%投保一切险(保险费率0.8%)和战争险(保险费率0.08%),试计算出口商应付给保险公司的保险费用?

      解:保险金额=8937.6×110%=9831.36美元   保险费=9831.36×(0.8%+0.08%)=86.52美元


Text analysis

Text analysis

  • 1.for one’s account由……支付

    However, the extra premium is foryouraccount.

    但额外的保险费应由您方支付。

  • 2. to cover (effect, arrange, take out) insurance  with; insure 投保

    1)We usually effect insurancewith the People’s Insurance Company of China (PICC) for120% of the invoice value. 我方通常按支票价值的120%向中国人民保险公司投保。


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2) Would you please arrange to insure the goods on our behalf against All Risks and War Risks for150 % of the invoice value?

请为我方按支票价值的150%将货物投一切险和战争险。

3) to effect insurance on the shipment for your account. 你方付款为装运投保


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4)For transactions concluded on CIF basis, we usually cover the insurance against All Risks for 110% of the full invoice value withthe People’s Insurance Company of China

通常按CIF价格达成交易的商口,我们按支票价值的110%向中国人民保险公司投保所有险。


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  • According to our usual practice, insurance is to be made for 120% of the invoice value. If you do wish to cover All Risks and War Risk for 150% of the invoice value, we may do so for you.

  • 我方通常按支票价值的120%投保,若你方要按支票价值的150%投保一切险和战争险,我能做到。


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  • I agree in principle on your terms of delivery and payment, but would you please effect the insurance against All Risks for 150% of the invoice value.

  • Your request, in your letter, for insurance to be covered for 150% of the invoice value can be met but the premium for the difference between 150% and 110% should be for your account.


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  • 3. at your end 在你处

    Could you tell us about the supply position atyourend?

    请告诉我,你们那里的供应情况怎样?

    we now desire to have the shipment insured at your end.

    我们希望在你处办理运输保险。


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  • 4. on CFR basis 按CFR价格

    Most of our clients are placing their orders with us on CIF basis.

    我们大部分客户按CIF价格订货。


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