the Republic of Ireland. Basic Information:. Official language: Irish and English Capital: Dublin Political system: republic, parliamentary democracy Area: 70 273 km ² Population: 4.4 million Dominant Religion: Catholic (86.8%).
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The Republic of Ireland lies on an island in the West of Europe, but it has a land border with the United KIngdom, which controls the nothern part of the island. Once all Ireland was part of the UK, but island gained independence in the early 20th century. Ireland is surrounded by 3 main bodies of water. Ireland has 4 provinces. There are 32 counties: 6 in Nothern Ireland, and 26 in Ireland.
Flag has three colours:
green, white and orange.
The Irish flag symbolizes the union of north and south in peace.
The emblem of the country is a Celtic harp.
Ireland is called „ The Emerald Isle” due to frequent rainfall, resulting in lush greenery.
It can rain up to 225 days in one year.
Shamrocks are the Irish good-luck symbol.
National anthem is the song called
Amhrán na bhFiann ( The Soldier Song in English ).
1.We'll sing a song, a soldier's song,With cheering rousing chorus,As round our blazing fires we throng,The starry heavens o'er us;Impatient for the coming fight,And as we wait the morning's light,Here in the silence of the night,We'll chant a soldier's song.
Chorus:Soldiers are wewhose lives are pledged to Ireland;Some have comefrom a land beyond the wave.Sworn to be free,No more our ancient sire landShall shelter the despot or the slave.Tonight we man the gap of dangerIn Erin's cause, come woe or weal'Mid cannons' roar and rifles peal,We'll chant a soldier's song.
2.In valley green, on towering crag,Our fathers fought before us,And conquered 'neath the same old flagThat's proudly floating o'er us.We're children of a fighting race,That never yet has known disgrace,And as we march, the foe to face,We'll chant a soldier's song.
According to legend, St. Patrick used the three Leaves to explain the Holy Trinity.
Although he is the patron saint of Ireland, St. Patrick was born in England.
The capital is Dublin, which has more than one million inhabitants ( together with the suburbs ).
Dublin is home to the Guinness factory…
…the largest stout brewery in the world. The factory spans over 60 acres.
In 1759, Arthur Guinness signed
a 9000 year Lease
for the brewery site.
The Irish consume an average
131.1 Liters of beer per year.
Michael D. Higgins has been president of Ireland since 2011.
Since 2011 Enda Kenny has been Prime Minister of Ireland.
A leprechaun (Irish: leipreachán) is a type of fairy in Irish folklore, usually taking the form of an old man, clad in a red or green coat, who enjoys partaking in mischief. Like other fairy creatures, leprechauns have been linked to the Tuatha Dé Danann of Irish mythology. The leprechauns spend all their time busily making shoes, and store away all their coins in a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. If ever captured by a human, the leprechaun has the magical power to grant three wishes in exchange for their release. Popular depiction shows the leprechaun as being no taller than a small child, with a beard and hat, although they may originally have been perceived as the tallest of the mound-dwellers (the Tuatha Dé Danann).
One of the first places our bus tour stopped was at the old monastery at Clonmacnoise, in the middle of Ireland, on the banks of the mighty Shannon river. It was founded in 545 AD, although the stone buildings are from the 10th – 12th centuries. It is starting to show its age a little bit.
The Blarney Stone is set in the wall of the Blarney Castle tower.
Kiss it, and legend says you’ll get the gift of gab.
Over 400,000 people smooch the stone every year.
The Cliffs of Moher are one of the most popular tourist attractions in Ireland. Extending 5 miles down the west coast, the cliffr reach a height of 702ft above the Atlantic Ocean.
In the hands of Irish dance are always kept close to the body. It is a remnant of the days when dancing was forbidden, and held in a cramped basement. Another parable says that the hands are held in memory of the revolt against the British invaders, and the symbols of enslavement.
Ireland has over 8 million visitors every year.
Thah’s almost double the number who live there.!
There are an estimated 80 million people who claim Irish ancestry all over the world.
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