Phrasal verbs multi word verbs
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PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS). frazni ali večbesedni glagoli. MEANING. LITERAL (DOBESEDEN), examples: look up = pogledati gor look down = pogledati dol pick up = pobrati take off = odstraniti, dati stran IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

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PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS)

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PHRASAL VERBS(MULTI-WORD VERBS)

frazni ali večbesedni glagoli


MEANING

  • LITERAL (DOBESEDEN),

    examples: look up = pogledati gor

    look down = pogledati dol

    pick up = pobrati

    take off = odstraniti, dati stran

  • IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

    examples: look up = poiskati informacijo v

    look down on = zaničevati

    pick up = mimogrede se naučiti

    take off = vzleteti


TYPES

  • VERB + ADVERB: (neprehoden tip)

    take off, be off, look out, fall out, go on

    ex. The plane took off at noon.

    Look out! The car is going to hit

    you


2. VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (prehoden, ločljiv – separable): take sth off, look sth up, pick sth up, take sb out

ex: Take your shoes off = Take off your shoes. BUT: Take them off.


3. VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (prehoden, neločljiv): look after sb/ sth, come across sb/ sth, look for sb/ sth,

ex: Will you look after the baby/ after her.


  • 4. VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT: look forward to sth,put up with sb/ sth, look up to sb, look down on sb

    I really look forward to going on holidays.


examples

  • Break down: 1. stop working (cars …)

    2. lose control of feelings

    (people)

  • Break into: 1. enter by force

    2. start doing sth suddenly

    (laughter)

  • Break out: 1.begin suddenly (wars, fires,

    diseases)

    2. escape from a place

  • Break up: stop (a relationship)


  • Bring about: cause to happen

  • Bring sth out: publish

  • Bring sb round: 1. cause to regain

    consciousness

    2. persuade

  • Bring sb up: raise a child

    bring sth up: vomit (food)


  • Carry on (with): continue

  • Carry sth out: do, complete sth

  • Fall behind: fail to keep up with

  • Fall out: quarrel

  • Hold sth back: control oneself, crowds …

  • Hold on: wait (esp on the telephone)

  • Hold sb/ sth up: delay (the traffic held me up


  • Get away : escape

  • Get on: 1. make progress (also get along)

    2. enter a bus, train (opp: get off)

  • Get on with: have friendly relationship with

  • Get through: 1. reach by telephone

    2. manage to finish sth


  • Give sb/ sth away: 1. reveal sth/ betray sb

    2. give sth free of charge

  • Give sth back: return

  • Give sth off: emit (a smell)

  • Give out: come to an end (food)

  • Give sth up: stop doing sth (a habit, sport)

  • Give oneself up: surrender, give in


  • Go away: leave

  • Go in for: enter a competition, exam

  • Go on: continue, happen

  • Go round: be enough for everyone

  • Go through sth: examine in detail

  • Call in: visit briefly

  • Call off: cancel

  • Call out: 1. shout; 2. send for help


  • Look after sb/sth: take care of sb/sth

  • Look for sb/sth: search for

  • Look forward to sb/sth: anticipate with pleasure

  • Look into sth: investigate

  • Look out (for): watch for

  • Look through sth: examine quickly

  • Look sth up: look for an address, name, word


  • Make sth of sb/sth: understand the nature or meaning of sb or sth

  • Make sth up: 1. invent

    2. put cosmetics on

    3. end a quarrel

  • Make up for sth: compensate

  • Make up one’s mind: decide


  • Put sth away: put in a box, drawer …

  • Put sth down: write down

  • Put sth forward: propose

  • Put sth off: postpone

  • Put sb off: cause to lose interest in sth

  • Put sth on: 1. dress oneself

    2. increase in weight

    3. make sth to begin to play

  • Put sth out: extinguish (fire, cigarette)

  • Put sb through: connect by phone

  • Put sb up: provide a place to stay


  • Run across sth: find by chance

  • Run after sb: chase

  • Run away: escape, get away by running

  • Run sb/sth down: 1. knock down by a

    vehicle

    2. say bad things about

    sb, criticise

  • run into sb/ sth: 1. meet by chance

    2. collide with

  • run out of: reach the end of (a supply money, food)


  • Set off: start a journey, set out

  • Set sth up: start a business, erect

  • Stand by sb: support sb, esp in a difficult

    situation

  • Stand for sth: represent

  • Stand in for sb: replace sb temporarily

  • Stand up: rise to one’s feet

  • Stand up to: defend oneself


  • Take after sb: look like sb

  • Take sth away: remove

  • Take sth down: write down

  • Take sth off: remove (clothes)

  • Take off: leave the ground, rise quickly

  • Take sb out: take sb to a restaurant

  • Take sth over: take control of sth

  • Take sth up: begin a hobby, sport, job


  • Turn sb down: refuse an offer

  • Turn sth down: reduce the volume, heat

  • Turn sth on: switch sth on (lights, radio) opp: turn sth off

  • Turn to sb: go to sb for help

  • Turn up: arrive

  • Turn sth up: increase the volume

  • Turn sth out: produce sth


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