Phrasal verbs multi word verbs
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PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS). frazni ali večbesedni glagoli. MEANING. LITERAL (DOBESEDEN), examples: look up = pogledati gor look down = pogledati dol pick up = pobrati take off = odstraniti, dati stran IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

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PHRASAL VERBS (MULTI-WORD VERBS)

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Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

PHRASAL VERBS(MULTI-WORD VERBS)

frazni ali večbesedni glagoli


Meaning

MEANING

  • LITERAL (DOBESEDEN),

    examples: look up = pogledati gor

    look down = pogledati dol

    pick up = pobrati

    take off = odstraniti, dati stran

  • IDIOMATIC (PRENESEN),

    examples: look up = poiskati informacijo v

    look down on = zaničevati

    pick up = mimogrede se naučiti

    take off = vzleteti


Types

TYPES

  • VERB + ADVERB: (neprehoden tip)

    take off, be off, look out, fall out, go on

    ex. The plane took off at noon.

    Look out! The car is going to hit

    you


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

2. VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (prehoden, ločljiv – separable): take sth off, look sth up, pick sth up, take sb out

ex: Take your shoes off = Take off your shoes. BUT: Take them off.


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

3. VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (prehoden, neločljiv): look after sb/ sth, come across sb/ sth, look for sb/ sth,

ex: Will you look after the baby/ after her.


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • 4. VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT: look forward to sth,put up with sb/ sth, look up to sb, look down on sb

    I really look forward to going on holidays.


Examples

examples

  • Break down: 1. stop working (cars …)

    2. lose control of feelings

    (people)

  • Break into: 1. enter by force

    2. start doing sth suddenly

    (laughter)

  • Break out: 1.begin suddenly (wars, fires,

    diseases)

    2. escape from a place

  • Break up: stop (a relationship)


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Bring about: cause to happen

  • Bring sth out: publish

  • Bring sb round: 1. cause to regain

    consciousness

    2. persuade

  • Bring sb up: raise a child

    bring sth up: vomit (food)


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Carry on (with): continue

  • Carry sth out: do, complete sth

  • Fall behind: fail to keep up with

  • Fall out: quarrel

  • Hold sth back: control oneself, crowds …

  • Hold on: wait (esp on the telephone)

  • Hold sb/ sth up: delay (the traffic held me up


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Get away : escape

  • Get on: 1. make progress (also get along)

    2. enter a bus, train (opp: get off)

  • Get on with: have friendly relationship with

  • Get through: 1. reach by telephone

    2. manage to finish sth


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Give sb/ sth away: 1. reveal sth/ betray sb

    2. give sth free of charge

  • Give sth back: return

  • Give sth off: emit (a smell)

  • Give out: come to an end (food)

  • Give sth up: stop doing sth (a habit, sport)

  • Give oneself up: surrender, give in


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Go away: leave

  • Go in for: enter a competition, exam

  • Go on: continue, happen

  • Go round: be enough for everyone

  • Go through sth: examine in detail

  • Call in: visit briefly

  • Call off: cancel

  • Call out: 1. shout; 2. send for help


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Look after sb/sth: take care of sb/sth

  • Look for sb/sth: search for

  • Look forward to sb/sth: anticipate with pleasure

  • Look into sth: investigate

  • Look out (for): watch for

  • Look through sth: examine quickly

  • Look sth up: look for an address, name, word


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Make sth of sb/sth: understand the nature or meaning of sb or sth

  • Make sth up: 1. invent

    2. put cosmetics on

    3. end a quarrel

  • Make up for sth: compensate

  • Make up one’s mind: decide


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Put sth away: put in a box, drawer …

  • Put sth down: write down

  • Put sth forward: propose

  • Put sth off: postpone

  • Put sb off: cause to lose interest in sth

  • Put sth on: 1. dress oneself

    2. increase in weight

    3. make sth to begin to play

  • Put sth out: extinguish (fire, cigarette)

  • Put sb through: connect by phone

  • Put sb up: provide a place to stay


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Run across sth: find by chance

  • Run after sb: chase

  • Run away: escape, get away by running

  • Run sb/sth down: 1. knock down by a

    vehicle

    2. say bad things about

    sb, criticise

  • run into sb/ sth: 1. meet by chance

    2. collide with

  • run out of: reach the end of (a supply money, food)


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Set off: start a journey, set out

  • Set sth up: start a business, erect

  • Stand by sb: support sb, esp in a difficult

    situation

  • Stand for sth: represent

  • Stand in for sb: replace sb temporarily

  • Stand up: rise to one’s feet

  • Stand up to: defend oneself


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Take after sb: look like sb

  • Take sth away: remove

  • Take sth down: write down

  • Take sth off: remove (clothes)

  • Take off: leave the ground, rise quickly

  • Take sb out: take sb to a restaurant

  • Take sth over: take control of sth

  • Take sth up: begin a hobby, sport, job


Phrasal verbs multi word verbs

  • Turn sb down: refuse an offer

  • Turn sth down: reduce the volume, heat

  • Turn sth on: switch sth on (lights, radio) opp: turn sth off

  • Turn to sb: go to sb for help

  • Turn up: arrive

  • Turn sth up: increase the volume

  • Turn sth out: produce sth


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