Sigmund freud 1856 1939
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). A Brief Bio…. Born into a poor Jewish Austrian family Initially studied to become a doctor Believed mental illness did not originate from a purely physical cause Smoked over 20 cigars per day Fled the Nazis in 1938 Lost 3 sisters in the Holocaust.

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A brief bio
A Brief Bio…

  • Born into a poor Jewish Austrian family

  • Initially studied to become a doctor

  • Believed mental illness did not originate from a purely physical cause

  • Smoked over 20 cigars per day

  • Fled the Nazis in 1938

    • Lost 3 sisters in the Holocaust


Early influences on freud
Early Influences on Freud

Jean Charcot (1825-1893)

  • Hypnotism

Josef Breuer (1842-1925)

  • Significance of repressed events

  • Anna O.

  • “Talking Cure”



Libido psychic sexual energy

Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894)

Libido (Psychic/Sexual Energy)


Three parts of the mind
Three Parts of the Mind

Id

Ego

Superego


The id
The Id

Basic drives (life/sexual and death/aggressive)

  • No sense of fear, morality, or good/evil

  • Only sees the self—no awareness of others

  • The pleasure principle

    • Eros

    • Thanatos

      • Repetition Compulsion


The ego
The Ego

-The mediator between Id and the demands of society

  • Formed by the experience of pain—defends the Id

  • Does not exist to punish the Id—exists to fulfill the Id’s desires in socially acceptable ways

  • The Reality Principle

    -Censors painful feelings from reaching consciousness


The superego
The Superego

The conscience

  • Judges the Id and is responsible for guilt, pride, and satisfaction

  • Represents morality and parental authority


Psycho sexual stages of development according to freud
Psycho-Sexual Stages of Development According to Freud

  • Stages shape the adult personality

    • Frustration or fixation in a particular stage leads to issues later in life


The oral stage birth 1 year old
The Oral Stage: Birth-1 year old

Sexual pleasure centers around the mouth

  • i.e., breast feeding


The anal stage 2 3 years old
The Anal Stage: 2-3 years old

  • Sexual pleasure centers around defecation and the anus

    • i.e., toilet training


The phallic stage 4 5 years old different for boys and girls
The Phallic Stage: 4-5 years old [different for boys and girls]

Boys:

  • Oedipus Complex

  • Castration Complex

  • In “healthy” boys, the conflict with the father is resolved


The phallic stage 4 5 years old
The Phallic Stage: 4-5 years old girls]

Girls

  • The Electra Complex

    • “Penis Envy”

  • Girls cannot have a castration complex, and thus can never resolve their Electra Complex

    • This explains their “natural” passive, defensive role

    • Having a baby satisfies penis envy


The latent stage 6 12 years old
The Latent Stage: 6-12 years old girls]

  • Sexual feelings developed in the first three stages are repressed


The genital stage adolescence
The Genital Stage: Adolescence girls]

  • See: your peers….


Freud s methodology
Freud girls]’s Methodology

-Repressed sexual desires are the key to the personality


More methodology
More Methodology… girls]

-Free association

-Transference

-Dreams


The interpretation of dreams 1900
The Interpretation of Dreams girls] (1900)

  • The Censor

  • Displacement

  • Condensation

  • Symbolization

  • Projection


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