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REVENUE PROTECTION IN BRAZIL SOME INFORMATION, FEW CERTANTIES AND MANY DOUBTS

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REVENUE PROTECTION IN BRAZIL SOME INFORMATION, FEW CERTANTIES AND MANY DOUBTS. BRAZIL OVERVIEW 8,500,000 SQUARE KILOMETERS 62 ELECTRIC UTILITIES ONLY 5 ARE NOT PRIVATIZED AROUND 180 MILLION INHABITANTS AROUND 53 MILLION CUSTOMERS. Introdução. Informe o motivo da discussão Identifique-se.

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slide1

REVENUE PROTECTION IN BRAZIL

SOME INFORMATION,

FEW CERTANTIES AND MANY DOUBTS

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

introdu o

BRAZIL OVERVIEW

8,500,000 SQUARE KILOMETERS

62 ELECTRIC UTILITIES

ONLY 5 ARE NOT PRIVATIZED

AROUND 180 MILLION INHABITANTS

AROUND 53 MILLION CUSTOMERS

Introdução
  • Informe o motivo da discussão
  • Identifique-se

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide3
BRAZILIAN ELECTRIC GRID SYSTEM

WE USE ABOUT 13% OF THE TOTAL

ENERGY USED IN THE U.S.A.

95% OF OUR ELECTRIC ENERGY COMES

FROM HYDROELETRIC POWER PLANTS

OUR NATIONAL ELECTRIC SYSTEM IS

INTEGRATED

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide4
NON-TECHNICAL LOSSES

TOTAL (TECHNICAL AND NON-TECHNICAL) LOSSES:

BRAZIL AVERAGE 20%

NON-TECHNICAL LOSSES:

FROM ABOUT 0.5% UP TO 30% (DEPENDING ON THE UTILITY)

TOTAL NON-TECHNICAL LOSSES:

2.1 BILLION US$ / YEAR

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide5

SINCE 2001 THE NON TECHNICAL LOSSES ARE INCREASING

MAIN CAUSES

ELECTRICITY RATIONING PERIOD (RULES TO DECREASE CONSUPTION) - FROM JUNE 2001 TO APRIL 2002

GENERAL ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

TARIFFS ARE INCREASING (CURRENTLY AROUND U$S 150.00 PER MWh)

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide6

WHY UTILITIES ARE FAILING

THEY WANT VERY EFFECTIVE RESULTS WITHIN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME

THEY GO IN ONE DIRECTION ONE YEAR BUT CHANGE IT (18O DEGREES) THE NEXT YEAR

MOST PRIVATIZED UTILITIES HAVE IMPLEMENTED STRONG DOWN SIZING ACTIONS

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide7

WHY UTILITIES ARE FAILING

THE NEW EMPLOYEES DO NOT HAVE STRONG LINKS WITH THE UTILITY

THEY DO NOT INVEST IN TECHNOLOGY (RESULTS DO NOT COME FAST ENOUGH)

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide8

SOME CHALLENGES

MANY PEOPLE ARE SELLING FRAUDULENT SERVICES (FORMER UTILITY EMPLOYEES?)

FRAUDS ARE VERY WELL PLANNED AND EXECUTED

FRAUDS USING STOLEN (OR BOUGHT) SEALS FROM UTILITIES

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide9

SOME CHALLENGES

FRAUDS INVOLVING ELECTRONIC METERS

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide10

RELEVANT INFORMATION

STOLEN SEALS

NETWORKING INVOLVING EMPLOYEES

“SPECIAL SERVICES” TO OPTIMIZE INTERNAL INSTALLATIONS

INSTALLATION INCREASED CONSUPTION BY 20% AT THE SAME TIME THE FRAUD WAS IMPLEMENTED

FIXER IS A “GHOST”

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide14

MORE CHALENGES

OUR NATIONAL REGULATORY BUREAU OF ELECTRICITY - ANEEL - IS ESTABLISHING A DECREASING LEVEL PROFILE FOR NON TECHNICAL LOSSES FOR EACH COMPANY

ABOVE THIS NEW LEVEL UTILITIES CAN NOT CONSIDER NON TECHNICAL LOSSES AS A COST

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide15

MORE CHALENGES

THIS MEASURE WILL STOP THE SNOW BALL EFFECT: LOSSES BECOMING COSTS - UNFAIR FOR GOOD CLIENTS

THEREFORE, RP AREAS MUST BECOME MORE EFFICIENT IN ORDER TO GET THE EXPECTED RESULTS

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide16

A POSITIVE VIEW OF THIS MEASURE

MORE THAN A REVENUE PROTECTION MEASURE, IT IS A WAY TO IMPROVE THE RATIONAL USE OF ELECTRICITY

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide18

COMPARING LOSSES FROM DIFFERENT UTILITIES

FIRST STEP: MAKE THE ENERGY BALANCE

TOTAL ENERGY PRODUCED AND BOUGHT - TOTAL ENERGY SOLD = TOTAL LOSSES

TOTAL LOSSES - TECHNICAL LOSSES = NON TECHNICAL LOSSES

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide19

COMPARING LOSSES FROM DIFFERENT UTILITIES

SECOND STEP: TAKE THE NECESSARY CARE

WE NEED TO ASK ABOUT THE METHODOLOGY USED TO CALCULATE (AND/OR MEASURE) TECHNICAL LOSSES, CONSIDERING: AREA COVERED, RURAL AREAS COVERED, VOLTAGE AND LENGTH OF LINES , QUANTITY OF DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS AND OTHER VARIABLES

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

considering all these factors for a given utility 8 can be a better result than 5 for another one

TECHNICAL LOSSES

CONSIDERING ALL THESE FACTORS, FOR A GIVEN UTILITY 8% CAN BE A BETTER RESULT THAN 5% FOR ANOTHER ONE

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide21

NON TECHNICAL LOSSES

WE CAN COMPARE. BUT ARE THE NUMBERS RELIABLE??? (THEY DEPEND ON THE WAY WE CALCULATE THE TECHNICAL ONES)

THERE ARE LOSSES THAT DO NOT APPEAR IN THE ENERGY BALANCE!!!

THE NON TECHNICAL LOSSES PROFILE OVER THE YEARS IS MORE SIGNIFICANT THAN THE NUMBER FOR EACH YEAR = TREND

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide22

MAYBE THIS IS A POINT THAT DESERVES IURPA’S ATTENTION

WE NEED TO HAVE SOME STANDARDS IN ORDER TO COMPARE NUMBERS FROM DIFFERENT UTILITIES

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide23

TOTAL LOSSES

CEMIG X BRAZIL AVERAGE

%

YEAR

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

slide24

NON TECHNICAL LOSSES AT CEMIG

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

setting up fixers
“SETTING UP” FIXERS

THE ONLY DEVICE WE NEED IS

A VIDEO CAMERA PROPERLY

INSTALLED IN A HOUSE

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

thank you for your attention
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

LUIZ FERNANDO ARRUDA

TEL 00 55 31 33295520

FAX 00 55 31 33295279

[email protected]

http://www.cemig.com.br

IURPA - OCTOBER/2001

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