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Grammar Review. Unit 2. Figurative Language. Idiom- a group of words with a special meaning Simile- a comparison using like or as Metaphor- a comparison that says something is something Personification- gives human qualities to an animal or thing Hyperbole- an obvious exaggeration.

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figurative language
Figurative Language
  • Idiom- a group of words with a special meaning
  • Simile- a comparison using like or as
  • Metaphor- a comparison that says something is something
  • Personification- gives human qualities to an animal or thing
  • Hyperbole- an obvious exaggeration
idiom
Idiom
  • She spilled the beans about our neighbor’s new baby.

OR

idiom1
Idiom
  • She spilled the beans about our neighbor’s new baby.

She told someone.

simile
Simile
  • The baby’s cheeks are as smooth as a peach.

What tells you this is a simile?

simile1
Simile
  • The baby’s cheeks are as smooth as a peach.

What tells you this is a simile?

The word as tells us this is a simile.

Another word is like.

metaphor
Metaphor
  • Mom says our neighbor’s baby is a little lamb.

Why is this a metaphor?

metaphor1
Metaphor
  • Mom says our neighbor’s baby is a little lamb.

Why is this a metaphor?

It’s a comparison of the baby and the lamb using the word is.

personification
Personification
  • The toys in the baby’s room begged us to play with them.
personification1
Personification
  • The toys in the baby’s room begged us to play with them.

Can toys really beg you to play with them?

Nope! That’s something people do.

Please play with me!!!

hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • The baby’s sweater was the tiniest thing I’ve ever seen.

Why is this a hyperbole?

hyperbole1
Hyperbole
  • The baby’s sweater was the tiniest thing I’ve ever seen.

Why is this a hyperbole?

Is this really the tiniest thing you’re ever seen?

slide15

Hyperbole

That man is as tall as my house.

slide17

Metaphor

My bedroom is a freezer when the air conditioner is on!

slide19

Personification

The stars winked at me from the dark sky.

Stars can’t really wink.

slide21

Idiom

My mom sees everything I do! She has eyes in the back of her head!

slide23

Simile

My Halloween candy is as hard as a rock!

subjects and predicates
Subjects and Predicates
  • Subject- tells who or what a sentence is about.
  • Predicate- tells what that person or thing is or does.

The boy played soccer with his friends.

subjects
Subjects
  • Simple subject- one thing
  • Compound subject- 2 or more things

The boy played soccer with his friends. (one subject- simple)

The boy and his sister played soccer with their friends. (two subjects- compound)

predicates
Predicates
  • Simple predicate- one action
  • Compound predicate- 2 or more actions

Cassie skated at the park. (one action- simple)

Cassie skated and climbed at the park. (2 actions- compound)

sentences
Sentences
  • Simple sentence- subject and predicate, also an independent clause
  • Compound sentence- 2 simple sentences combined using and, or, or but.
  • Complex sentence- an independent and dependent clause combined with such words as since, while, and because.
slide29

My brother reads for at least fifteen minutes everyday.

Simple predicate or Complete predicate

slide30

My brother readsfor at least fifteen minutes everyday.

Simple predicate

(only one word about what someone is doing)

slide31

The boys ran down the field.

Simple predicate or Complete predicate

slide32

The boys ran down the field.

Complete predicate

(the entire predicate, not just one word)

slide33

John and Nick from first grade are boy scouts.

Complete subject Compound subject

Compound predicate Complete predicate

slide34

John and Nickfrom first grade are boy scouts.

Compound subject

(more than one subject)

slide35

The teacher stapled and stacked the papers.

Complete predicate or Compound predicate

slide36

The teacher stapled and stacked the papers.

Compound predicate

(2 actions)

slide37

Because she was tired, she went to bed early.

Dependent Clause or Independent Clause

slide38

Because she was tired, she went to bed early.

Dependent Clause

(This could not be a sentence on its own so it is dependent.)

slide39

Brooke went to the beach, and she built a sand castle.

Compound Sentence or Complex Sentence

slide40

Brooke went to the beach, and she built a sand castle.

CompoundSentence

(When you see and (or or but) you know it is a compound sentence.)

slide41

Because you have school tomorrow, you should not stay up too late.

Compound Sentence or Complex Sentence

slide42

Because you have school tomorrow, you should not stay up too late.

Complex Sentence

(one dependent clause and one independent clause)

keep practicing
Keep practicing!

Make up your own sentences:

Make one simple sentence, one compound sentence, and one complex sentence.

In your complex sentence, label your dependent clause with a D and your independent clause with an I.

study hard
Study hard!

Good luck!

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