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Grammar Review. Unit 2. Figurative Language. Idiom- a group of words with a special meaning Simile- a comparison using like or as Metaphor- a comparison that says something is something Personification- gives human qualities to an animal or thing Hyperbole- an obvious exaggeration.

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Grammar Review

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Grammar Review

Unit 2


Figurative Language

  • Idiom- a group of words with a special meaning

  • Simile- a comparison using like or as

  • Metaphor- a comparison that says something is something

  • Personification- gives human qualities to an animal or thing

  • Hyperbole- an obvious exaggeration


Idiom

  • She spilled the beans about our neighbor’s new baby.

    OR


Idiom

  • She spilled the beans about our neighbor’s new baby.

    She told someone.


Simile

  • The baby’s cheeks are as smooth as a peach.

    What tells you this is a simile?


Simile

  • The baby’s cheeks are as smooth as a peach.

    What tells you this is a simile?

    The word as tells us this is a simile.

    Another word is like.


Metaphor

  • Mom says our neighbor’s baby is a little lamb.

    Why is this a metaphor?


Metaphor

  • Mom says our neighbor’s baby is a little lamb.

    Why is this a metaphor?

    It’s a comparison of the baby and the lamb using the word is.


Personification

  • The toys in the baby’s room begged us to play with them.


Personification

  • The toys in the baby’s room begged us to play with them.

    Can toys really beg you to play with them?

    Nope! That’s something people do.

Please play with me!!!


Hyperbole

  • The baby’s sweater was the tiniest thing I’ve ever seen.

    Why is this a hyperbole?


Hyperbole

  • The baby’s sweater was the tiniest thing I’ve ever seen.

    Why is this a hyperbole?

    Is this really the tiniest thing you’re ever seen?


See if you can figure out the type of figurative language being used on the next few slides.


That man is as tall as my house.


Hyperbole

That man is as tall as my house.


My bedroom is a freezer when the air conditioner is on!


Metaphor

My bedroom is a freezer when the air conditioner is on!


The stars winked at me from the dark sky.


Personification

The stars winked at me from the dark sky.

Stars can’t really wink.


My mom sees everything I do! She has eyes in the back of her head!


Idiom

My mom sees everything I do! She has eyes in the back of her head!


My Halloween candy is as hard as a rock!


Simile

My Halloween candy is as hard as a rock!


Subjects and Predicates

  • Subject- tells who or what a sentence is about.

  • Predicate- tells what that person or thing is or does.

    The boy played soccer with his friends.


Subjects

  • Simple subject- one thing

  • Compound subject- 2 or more things

    The boy played soccer with his friends. (one subject- simple)

    The boy and his sister played soccer with their friends. (two subjects- compound)


Predicates

  • Simple predicate- one action

  • Compound predicate- 2 or more actions

    Cassie skated at the park. (one action- simple)

    Cassie skated and climbed at the park. (2 actions- compound)


Sentences

  • Simple sentence- subject and predicate, also an independent clause

  • Compound sentence- 2 simple sentences combined using and, or, or but.

  • Complex sentence- an independent and dependent clause combined with such words as since, while, and because.


Try to label the underlined part of each sentence on the next few pages. These take practice!


My brother reads for at least fifteen minutes everyday.

Simple predicate or Complete predicate


My brother readsfor at least fifteen minutes everyday.

Simple predicate

(only one word about what someone is doing)


The boys ran down the field.

Simple predicate or Complete predicate


The boys ran down the field.

Complete predicate

(the entire predicate, not just one word)


John and Nick from first grade are boy scouts.

Complete subjectCompound subject

Compound predicateComplete predicate


John and Nickfrom first grade are boy scouts.

Compound subject

(more than one subject)


The teacher stapled and stacked the papers.

Complete predicate or Compound predicate


The teacher stapled and stacked the papers.

Compound predicate

(2 actions)


Because she was tired, she went to bed early.

Dependent Clause or Independent Clause


Because she was tired, she went to bed early.

Dependent Clause

(This could not be a sentence on its own so it is dependent.)


Brooke went to the beach, and she built a sand castle.

Compound Sentence or Complex Sentence


Brooke went to the beach, and she built a sand castle.

CompoundSentence

(When you see and (or or but) you know it is a compound sentence.)


Because you have school tomorrow, you should not stay up too late.

Compound Sentence or Complex Sentence


Because you have school tomorrow, you should not stay up too late.

Complex Sentence

(one dependent clause and one independent clause)


Keep practicing!

Make up your own sentences:

Make one simple sentence, one compound sentence, and one complex sentence.

In your complex sentence, label your dependent clause with a D and your independent clause with an I.


Study hard!

Good luck!


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