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Comprehending Complex Texts. Introductory Unit: What Lies Ahead?. What is a complex text?. A text that contains: Challenging vocabulary Long, complex sentences Figurative language Multiple levels of meaning Unfamiliar settings or locations. Multidraft Reading Chart.

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comprehending complex texts

Comprehending Complex Texts

Introductory Unit: What Lies Ahead?

what is a complex text
What is a complex text?
  • A text that contains:
    • Challenging vocabulary
    • Long, complex sentences
    • Figurative language
    • Multiple levels of meaning
    • Unfamiliar settings or locations
strategy 1 multidraft reading
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading
  • 1st Reading: Look for basics
    • Who
    • What
    • When
    • Where
    • Why/How
reading chart 1 st reading
Reading Chart: 1st Reading
  • Who:
    • Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • What:
    • Civil rights speech calling for an end to racism
  • When:
    • August 28, 1963
  • Where:
    • March on Washington at the Lincoln Memorial
  • Why:
    • One hundred years after the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed millions of slaves, racism was still alive and well. MLK’s speech was a plea for others to believe in his dream of a different future.
strategy 1 multidraft reading1
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading
  • 2nd Reading: Effectiveness of the writing
    • Text structure and organization
    • Use of language and effects
reading chart 2 nd reading
Reading Chart: 2nd Reading
  • Text structure and organization
    • How is the speech structured?
      • Repetition of “I have a dream…”
  • Use of language and effects
    • What kind of language does MLK use?
      • Use of similes, metaphors, imagery, and repetition and emotional language
strategy 1 multidraft reading2
Strategy 1: Multidraft Reading
  • 3rd Reading: Compare and contrast
    • Compare/Contrast to similar selections
    • Evaluate overall effectiveness and central theme
similar selection
Similar Selection
  • Elie Wiesel is a professor, political activist, and author. He has written 57 books, including Night, a book based on his experiences in Auschwitz and other concentration camps. He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.
  • http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/ewieselperilsofindifference.html
reading chart 3 rd reading
Reading Chart: 3rd Reading
  • Compare/Contrast:
    • How are they similar? (compare)
    • How are they different? (contrast)
  • Overall Effectiveness and Central Theme
    • How effective were the two speeches?
    • Are the themes similar?
strategy 2 close read the text
Strategy 2: Close Read the Text

Tips for Close Reading:

  • Break down long sentences (into parts).
  • Reread difficult passages(to confirm meaning).
  • Look for context clues (restatements, definitions, examples, and contrasts).
  • Identify pronoun antecedents (know who or whom is being referred to).
  • Look for conjunctions (FANBOYS).
  • Paraphrase(restate in your own words).
strategy 3 ask questions
Strategy 3: Ask Questions

Be an attentive reader by asking questions as you read. There are three basic categories:

  • Key Ideas and Details

Example: Does the first sentence state facts or express an opinion?

  • Craft and Structure

Example: What parallel structure does the writer use?

  • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

Example: To what extent do you agree with the author’s viewpoint?

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