Los verbos ser y estar
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Los verbos SER y ESTAR. To Be Avancemos II. Both verbs SER and ESTAR are the verb “To be”. Their uses, however, are different. SER To be ESTAR. Pronoun To be Pronombre Ser I am Yo soy You (informal) are Tú eres You (formal) are Usted es He is Él es

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Los verbos ser y estar

Los verbos SER y ESTAR

To Be

Avancemos II



Pronoun To be uses, however, are different.Pronombre Ser

I am Yo soy

You (informal) are Tú eres

You (formal) areUstedes

He is Él es

She is Ella es

We (f) areNosotrassomos

We (m) areNosotrossomos

You (plural) areUstedesson

They (f) are Ellasson

They (m) areEllosson


To remember when to use each verb use the following mnemonics
To remember when to use each verb use the following mnemonics

For Ser remember DOCTOR

Description

Occupation

Characteristic

Time and date

Origin

Relation


  • Description mnemonics

    • To describe looks.

      Ella es alta y delgada. Él es bajo.

  • Occupation

    • To tell the profession or occupation.

      Arturo es ingeniero. Carlos es carpintero.

  • Characteristic

    • To describe the personality (the essence of a person).

      Sofia es simpática. Bruno es serio.

  • Time and date

    • To tell time and the date.

      Son las dos. Es la una y media. Hoy es jueves.


  • Origin mnemonics

    • To say where a person is from.

      Soy de Puerto Rico. Soy puertorriqueño.

  • Relation

    • To show the relation with family members.

      Es mi abuela. Soy su madre. Son misprimos.


Pronoun To be mnemonics PronombreEstar

I am Yo estoy

You (informal) are Tú estás

You (formal) areUstedestá

He is Él está

She is Ella está

We (f) areNosotrasestamos

We (m) areNosotrosestamos

You (plural) areUstedesestán

They (f) are Ellasestán

They (m) areEllosestán


For mnemonics Estar remember PLACE

Position

Location

Action

Condition

Emotion

  • Position

    • To express the physical position or posture of things or people.

      Estoy parado(I’m standing up) Juan está sentado.


  • Location mnemonics

    • To express where people or things are located.

      El libro está en la mesa. Estoy en México.

  • Action

    • Used with the present progressive –ing.

      Estoy comiendo. Estánestudiando.

      Use the conjugation of estar and add –ando for ar verbs and –iendo for er or ir verbs.

  • Condition

    • To express health or other changeable states.

      La sopa está caliente. Estoy enfermo. Está sucio.

  • Emotion

    • To express emotions.

      Estoy contenta. Estamostristes. Estánenojados.


Recuerda
Recuerda mnemonics

How you feel

or where you are

always use

the verb ESTAR


Choose the correct verb and conjugation
Choose the correct verb and conjugation. mnemonics

Me llamo Fernando y tengo treintaaños. Yo __ alto y moreno. También __ serio. Trabajo en un colegio. Yo___ profesor de historia y mi esposa también __ profesora. Su nombre __ Margarita, y ella __ baja y rubia. Ella tiene veintiochoaños.

Tenemos dos hijos, susnombres __ Gerardo y Andrea. Gerardo __ alto y morenocomo yo y Andrea __ baja y rubiacomo su madre. Ellos __ muy buenoshijos.

Mi madre___ secretaria y mi padre___ ingeniero. Mis padres___ de Cuba; yo___ cubano. Mi esposa___dePerú; ella __ peruana. Mishijosnacieron en los EstadosUnidos; ellos __ estadounidenses.

Mi suegra___muygraciosa, su nombre es Gabriela. Mi suegro no__ gracioso; El nombre de mi suegro __ Antonio. Él no __ simpático.


  • Choose the correct form of to be (ser or estar) mnemonics

  • Gonzalo___________ felíz.

  • Tú_________ doctor.

  • La chica_________ mexicana.

  • Noelia y yo________ en Argentina.

  • Irma_________de Chile.

  • El joven_________ inteligente.

  • Yo_________ en Colombia.

  • Laura y tú_________ bonitas.

  • Tu madre________ de Estados Unidos.

  • Nuestra maestra _________ en la biblioteca.


Use mnemonics Tener for the following expressions

-when you are hot or cold

-Tengo calor

-Tengo frío

-when you are hungry or thirsty

-Tengo hambre

-Tengo sed

-when you are right or scared

-Tengo razón

-Tengo miedo


  • Ejercicios mnemonics

  • I am tall.

  • She is happy.

  • We (f) are thirsty.

  • You (formal) are organized.

  • They (m) are busy.

  • You (pl) are scared.

  • We (m) are serious.

  • You (inf) are calm.

  • He is angry.

  • They (f) are sick.


11. I am hot. mnemonics

12. He is the principal.

13. You (inf.) are red-headed.

14. We (f) are excited.

15. You (pl) are studious.

16. She is cold.

17. Gabriela is funny.

18. David and I are nervous.

19. Oscar and you are blond.

20. The students are hungry.

21. The teacher (f) is athletic.

22 Esteban and Paco are nice.


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