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Budget Formulation — Executive and Legislative Branches PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Budget Formulation — Executive and Legislative Branches. Office of Budget & Performance. Overview — How we obtain $$$. Purpose Explain the formulation segment of the budget process How – Mechanism When – Lifecycle Who – Department, OMB, Congress. USGS Process — External.

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Budget Formulation — Executive and Legislative Branches

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Budget Formulation —Executive and Legislative Branches

Office of Budget & Performance


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Overview — How we obtain $$$

Purpose

Explain the formulation segment of the

budget process

  • How – Mechanism

  • When – Lifecycle

  • Who – Department, OMB, Congress


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USGS Process —External

Department and OMB guidance

  • Secretarial Priorities

  • Presidential Priorities

    Interactions with stakeholders

  • Lectures and conferences nationwide

  • Customer listening sessions


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USGS Process

May - June

  • Preparation of the “Budget Request” to the Department


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Department Decisions

July - August

  • USGS Director, Director of OBP, and Budget Officer present budget to Secretary

  • Secretary’s decision

  • Preparation of OMB “Budget Estimates”


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OMB Budget Estimates

September

  • Hearing

  • Decisions made by

    • Examiner and Branch Chief

    • Top management, including OMB Director


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OMB Budget Estimates — Passback

Thanksgiving

  • THE “Passback”

  • Appeals

December - January

  • Final decisions

  • Finishing touches on the “Greenbook,” which is due to Congress in February


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First Monday in February

Hurry and get

that Greenbook

to Capitol Hill!!!


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Congressional Hearings

After Congress receives the President’s

Budget, the House and Senate Appropriations

Subcommittees hold

hearings to allow the

agencies to describe

and defend their

budget proposals.


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Congressional Hearings

  • The USGS budget is handled by the Interior and Environment Appropriations Subcommittee.

  • The Director of the USGS may be invited to testify on the USGS budget.

  • All testimony must comport with Administration policy.


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Congressional Questions for the Record

  • After the hearings, the Subcommittees submit questions about the budget.

  • USGS prepares answers that must be cleared by DOI and OMB.

  • The Hearing Record includes written and oral testimony as well as Qs & As.


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Congressional Priorities

In addition to our budget

request, the Appropriations

Subcommittees consider

requests from other sources

with divergent interests,

including lobby groups and

other members of Congress.


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Markups

  • “Markup” is the process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.

  • The prior year’s bill language is physically “marked up” according to current congressional priorities.


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Bill Language and Report Language

  • Bill language —

  • Becomes law.

  • USGS bill language is brief, with few details.

  • Report language —

  • Gives details on congressional intent.

  • Is also used to praise or admonish agencies.

  • Is not law but is usually treated as such.


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Conference

  • Differences between the House and Senate bills are settled in “Conference.”

  • When the Conference Agreement has been approved by the full House and full Senate, the Appropriations Bill has passed Congress!


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Appropriations Law

  • Once the Appropriations Bill has been passed, it is sent to the White House.

  • The President has 10 days to sign the bill into law or veto it.


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Continuing Resolutions

What happens if an appropriations bill does not become law before October 1 (the beginning of the fiscal year)?


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Continuing Resolutions

  • A Continuing Resolution (CR) allows government to continue operating with certain limitations (such as timeframe and spending rate).

  • No new projects are started while a CR is in effect.

  • Without an appropriation or a CR, agencies must shut down.


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Supplemental Appropriations —

  • May be passed at any point in the year, making funds available immediately,

  • Are usually associated with one or more emergencies requiring additional funding, and

  • For the USGS, typically fund repair or replacement of damaged equipment or facilities.


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