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Expansion of Asia: 600 to 1450. AP World History Ms. Kamburov. Chinese Dynasties Chronology. Shang Zhou Period of Warring States Qin Han Tang Song Brief period of Mongol rule Ming. Tang & Song. Grouped together Tang expanded China

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expansion of asia 600 to 1450

Expansion of Asia: 600 to 1450

AP World History

Ms. Kamburov

chinese dynasties chronology
Chinese Dynasties Chronology
  • Shang
  • Zhou
    • Period of Warring States
  • Qin
  • Han
  • Tang
  • Song
    • Brief period of Mongol rule
  • Ming
tang song
Tang & Song
  • Grouped together
  • Tang expanded China
    • Fell due to overexpansion and feuds between local warlords
  • Song
    • Fell due to Mongol invasion
      • Eventually Mongols were driven out and replaced with the Ming dynasty
tang song accomplishments
Tang & Song Accomplishments
  • Tang – most famous for poetry
    • Tells us about daily life in China during that time
  • Under the Song dynasty, China developed printing processes (also increased use of gunpowder)
    • This facilitated the spread of literacy and later influenced education, etc. in Korea & Japan
    • DQ: Where else did printing processes simultaneously develop?
tang poetry
Tang Poetry

At Partingby Wang Wei

I dismount from my horse and I offer you wine,

And I ask you where you are going and why.

And you answer: "I am discontent

And would rest at the foot of the southern mountain.

So give me leave and ask me no questions.

White clouds pass there without end."

political stability
Political Stability
  • Under the Tang & Song dynasties, China was very stable
    • Bureaucratic system based on merit
      • Thus, civil service became a meritocracy as opposed to aristocracy
      • DQ: Who developed this system?
    • Extensive transportation and communication network within empire
    • Introduction of paper money and letters of credit
    • Urban base (e.g. Tang power was concentrated in Chang’an)
wu zhao
Wu Zhao
  • First and only Empress of China
  • Ruled under the Tang dynasty
  • Ironically, China was at this time (600 – 1450) highly patriarchal
    • Women enjoyed very few rights
    • Foot-binding widespread under the Song dynasty
japan
Japan
  • Most important ruling family was the Yamato clan – the first and ONLY dynasty to rule Japan
    • Eventually government fell into the control of the Fujiwara family while the emperor remained a figurehead
feudalism in japan
Feudalism in Japan
  • Developed around the same time as in Europe
    • Emperor – king/monarch
    • Shogun – chief general or high lord
    • Daimyo samurai – lords or knights
    • Lesser samurai – given land by daimyo samurai
    • Peasants & artisans
samurai
Samurai
  • Followed the Code of Bushido
    • Similar to Code of Chivalry for European knights
    • Stressed loyalty, courage & honor
      • If a samurai failed to meet his obligations, he was supposed to commit suicide
the mongols
The Mongols
  • Nomads
  • Superb horsemen and archers
  • Rivalries between tribes and clans prevented unity until Genghis Khan set them on a unified path of expansion
    • Led the Mongol invasion of China
    • Eventually the Mongol Empire spanned from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe
      • Golden Horde in Russia
      • DQ: What major trade routes can you identify in the following map?
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