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HOW DO INFORMATION SYSTEM SUPPORT THE MAJOR BUSINESS FUNCTION?. “GROUP 2” TEAM MEMBERS Gokhan OZDEN 051078 Enyinnaya P. ONUMA 069610 Hamdi ANKITCI 054084

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how do information system support the major business function

HOW DO INFORMATION SYSTEM SUPPORT THE MAJOR BUSINESS FUNCTION?

“GROUP 2”

TEAM MEMBERS

Gokhan OZDEN 051078

Enyinnaya P. ONUMA 069610

Hamdi ANKITCI 054084

Doğuscan SEN 051050

MactonyAguele 068146

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

what is an information system
What is an information System ?

Information Systems are any organized combination of people, hardware, software, communications, networks and data resources that collect, transforms and disseminate information in an organization.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

slide3

AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE EFFECTIVE AND RESPONSIBLE USE AND MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEM IS IMPORTANT FOR MANAGERS AND OTHER BUSINESS KNOWLEDGE WORKERS IN TODAY’S GLOBAL INFORMATION SOCIETY.

  • INFORMATION SYSTEM AND TECHNOLOGY HAVE BECOME A VITAL COMPONENT OF SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONS.
  • INFORMATION SYSTEM CONSTITUTE AN ESSENTIAL FIELD OF STUDY IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT, AS THEY ARE CONSIDERED A MAJOR FUNCTIONAL AREA IN BUSINESS OPERATION.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

trends in information systems
TRENDS IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • 1950s - 1960s - Data Processing - Electronic data processing systems
  • 1960s - 1970s - Management Reporting – Management information systems
  • 1970s - 1980s - Decision Support - Decision support systems
  • 1980s - 1990s - Strategic and End User Support
  • 1990s - 2000 – Electronic business and commerce systems

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

information systems resources
INFORMATION SYSTEMS RESOURCES

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

slide6

AREAS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Information system emphasizes five areas of knowledge;

  • Foundation concepts
  • Information technologies
  • Business application
  • Development Process
  • Management challenges

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

information system activities
INFORMATION SYSTEM ACTIVITIES

Information processing (or data processing) activities that occur in information system include the following:

• Input of data resources

• Processing of data into information

• Output of information products

• Storage of data resources

• Control of system performance

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

types of information systems
TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • Information Systems perform important operational and managerial support roles in businesses and other organizations. Therefore, several types of information systems can be classified conceptually as either:

• Operations Support Systems

• Management Support Systems

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

success failure
SUCCESSFAILURE
  • User involvement
  • Executive management support
  • Clear statement of requirements
  • Proper planning
  • Realistic expectations
  • Lack of user input
  • Incomplete requirements and specifications
  • Changing requirements and specifications
  • Lack of executive support
  • Technological incompetence

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

roles of information systems in business
ROLES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN BUSINESS

The fundamental roles of Information systems are that they support an organization’s:

  • Business Processes and operation
  • Decision making by employees and managers
  • Strategies for competitive advantage

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

the major roles of information system
The Major Roles of Information System

Support Business process – involves dealing with information system that support the business process and operations in a business.

Support decision making - help decision makers to make better decisions and attempt to gain a competitive advantages.

Support competitive advantages – help decision makers to gain a strategic advantage over competitors requires innovative use of information technology.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

slide12

Support Business process – involves dealing with information system that support the business process and operations in a business.

  • Support decision making - help decision makers to make better decisions and attempt to gain a competitive advantages.
  • Support competitive advantages – help decision makers to gain a strategic advantage over competitors requires innovative use of information technology.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

information systems support business by
INFORMATION SYSTEMS SUPPORT BUSINESS BY
  • Helping in accounting, finance, operations management, marketing, and human resource management.
  • Contributing to operational efficiency, employee productivity and morale, and customer service and satisfaction.
  • Providing a major source of information and support needed to promote effective decision making by managers and business professionals.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

slide14

Working as a vital ingredient in developing competitive products and services that gives an organization a strategic advantage in the global marketplace.

  • Providing a dynamic, rewarding, and challenging career opportunity for millions of men and women.
  • Providing a key component of the resources, infrastructure, and capabilities of today’s internetworked e-business enterprise.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

what is erp
What is ERP?
  • ERP integrates the information across functions, and provides a set of tools for planning and monitoring the various functions and processes and ensuring progress towards a common purpose
  • A business management system that integrates all facets of the business, including planning, manufacturing, sales, and marketing.
  • ERP helps business managers to implement ERP in business activities such as inventory control, order tracking, customer service, finance and human resources

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

reasons for implementing erp
Reasons for Implementing ERP

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

how erp systems works
How ERP Systems Works?
  • A typical ERP system would use multiple component of computer software and hardware to achieve integration
  • ERP delivers a single database that contains all data for the software module

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

slide18

ERP SOLUTIONS

QUALITY

Increased

Increased

Decreased

Decreased

Increased

Increased

PRODUCTIVITY

CUSTOMER SATISFACTION

MARKET SHARE

COST

PROFIT

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

solutions of erp
Solutions of ERP
  • Financial Management
  • Inventory Management
  • Purchasing
  • Sales Management
  • Production Planning
  • Advanced Visual Planning
  • Manufacturing Management

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

advantages and disadvantages of alternative erp development methods
Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative ERP Development Methods

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

conclusion
CONCLUSION

WE HAVE DISCUSSED WHAT INFORMATION SYSTEMS ARE, THE TRENDS IN THEM, THEIR RESOURCES, THEAREAS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS, THEIR ACTIVITIES, TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS, THE ROLES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN BUSINESS AND THE ERP.

FROM THESE, WE HAVE SEEN THAT INFORMATION SYSTEMS HELP THE BUSINESS IN A VERY BIG WAY BY INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE BUSINESS.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University

December 2009

slide22

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR

LISTENING.

Faculty of Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University June 2008

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