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Construct - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Construct. Chain. There is no word for “of” in Hebrew. #r<a\'h\' %l,m,. vyaih\' lwOq. B The voice of the man. B The king of the land. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. Construct.

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r a h l m
#r<a\'h\' %l,m,

vyaih\' lwOq

B The voice of the man

B The king of the land

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king

you can have multiple constructs but only one absolute
You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king

Construct

Absolute

slide5

Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated
  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

vyaih\' lwOq

B The voice of the man

or

vyai lwOq

B A voice of a man

slide6

Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated
  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
  • Can have multiple construct nouns

AMai ybia]-tyBe tx;P;v.mi-lK\'-la,w>

of his mother

of the father

of the son

of the clan

all

And to

(Judges 9:1)

slide7

Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated
  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
  • Can have multiple construct nouns
  • Can be joined by a Maqqef

dwID"-!B,

B Son of David

slide8

Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated
  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
  • Can have multiple construct nouns
  • Can be joined by a Maqqef
  • Because they cannot be separated, adjectives must come after the chain (but will agree in number and gender with the noun they modify)
bajh r a h l m
bAJh; #r<a\'h\' %l,m,

Construct Chains

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Masculine)

(The good king of the land)

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Feminine)

hb\'AJh; #r<a\'h\' %l,m,

(The king of the goodland)

slide10

Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
slide11

!Be

!B,

becomes

(son of)

lKo

lK\'

(all of)

becomes

dy"

dy:

(hand of)

becomes

Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent
slide12

Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent
  • Masculine plural endings change

~yhil{a/

yhel{a/

becomes

ynEB.

~ynIB\'

becomes

slide13

Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent
  • Masculine plural endings change
  • Feminine singular endings change

hr\'AT

tr;AT

becomes

hnEv\'

tn:v.

becomes

slide14

Construct Chains

  • Some monosyllabic words add a yod to their stem in the construct state

ba\'

ybia}

becomes

xa\'

yxia}

becomes

slide15

~yvid"Q\h; vd<qo

“Holy of holies”

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain
slide16

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain

~yrIyVih; ryvi

“Song of songs”

slide17

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain

~ynIdoa]h\' ynEdoa]w: ~yhil{a/h\' yhel{a/

“God of gods and Lord of lords” (Deuteronomy 10:17)

slide18

lAdG"h;-d[;w> !joQ\'h;-!mi

“From the smallest to the greatest” (1 Samuel 30:19)

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain
  • The joining of with .

!mi

lKo

son as a figurative term
Son as a Figurative Term
  • A “son of the possession” (qv,m,‑!b,) was an heir (Genesis 15:2).
  • A “son of a house”(ytiyBe‑!b,) is one who is such a close friend that he is like a member of the family (Genesis 15:3).
  • A “son of death” (tw<m\'‑!b,) is one who deserves to die (1 Samuel 20:31) or who has been condemned to die (Psalm 102:20).
  • A “son of Gehinnon” is someone who is bound for hell (Matthew 23:15).
son as a figurative term1
Son as a Figurative Term
  • Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.

And when Abram was ninety years old and nine…

~y[iv.Ti-!B, ~r"b.a; yhiy>w:

~ynIv\' [v;tew> hn"v\'

son as a figurative term2
Son as a Figurative Term
  • Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.
  • Look at the term “sons” (ynb) as it is used in Jeremiah 48:45.
slide23

!b,a,

Stone

slide24

rz<[eh\' !b,a,

Wnr"z"[]

!b,a,

Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and named it Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.” (1 Samuel 7:12).

hm d a

hm\'d\'a]

Ground, land, earth

slide26

by"a\'

Enemy

slide27

rf\'B\'

Meat, flesh

tyrib

tyrIB.

Covenant

slide29

lWbG>

Border, boundary

slide30

lWx

B Firm, strong

lyIx;

Wealth, army

slide31

ds,x,

Lovingkindness

loyalty

vd xo

vd\'x\'

B New

vd,xo

Month (new moon)

slide33

twOdy"

(Plural)

dy"

Hand

slide34

twOm

(construct form)

tw<m\'

Death

slide35

hJ,m;

Staff, rod, branch, tribe

rb d mi

rB\'d>mi

Wilderness

slide37

dA[

Again, still, as long as

slide38

t[e

Time

He will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water,

Which yields its fruit in its season (Ps 1:3)

slide39

hl\'[\'

B To ascend

hl\'[o

Burnt offering

slide41

!aoc

Flock of sheep or goats

slide42

lg<r,

Foot

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