Construct

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# Construct - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Construct. Chain. There is no word for “of” in Hebrew. #r&lt;a\'h\' %l,m,. vyaih\' lwOq. B The voice of the man. B The king of the land. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. Construct.

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Presentation Transcript
#r<a\'h\' %l,m,

vyaih\' lwOq

B The voice of the man

B The king of the land

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king

You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king

Construct

Absolute

Construct Chains

• Cannot be separated
• Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

vyaih\' lwOq

B The voice of the man

or

vyai lwOq

B A voice of a man

Construct Chains

• Cannot be separated
• Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
• Can have multiple construct nouns

AMai ybia]-tyBe tx;P;v.mi-lK\'-la,w>

of his mother

of the father

of the son

of the clan

all

And to

(Judges 9:1)

Construct Chains

• Cannot be separated
• Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
• Can have multiple construct nouns
• Can be joined by a Maqqef

dwID"-!B,

B Son of David

Construct Chains

• Cannot be separated
• Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite
• Can have multiple construct nouns
• Can be joined by a Maqqef
• Because they cannot be separated, adjectives must come after the chain (but will agree in number and gender with the noun they modify)
bAJh; #r<a\'h\' %l,m,

Construct Chains

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Masculine)

(The good king of the land)

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Feminine)

hb\'AJh; #r<a\'h\' %l,m,

(The king of the goodland)

Construct Chains

• A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word

!Be

!B,

becomes

(son of)

lKo

lK\'

(all of)

becomes

dy"

dy:

(hand of)

becomes

Construct Chains

• A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
• The construct noun surrenders its primary accent

Construct Chains

• A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
• The construct noun surrenders its primary accent
• Masculine plural endings change

~yhil{a/

yhel{a/

becomes

ynEB.

~ynIB\'

becomes

Construct Chains

• A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word
• The construct noun surrenders its primary accent
• Masculine plural endings change
• Feminine singular endings change

hr\'AT

tr;AT

becomes

hnEv\'

tn:v.

becomes

Construct Chains

• Some monosyllabic words add a yod to their stem in the construct state

ba\'

ybia}

becomes

xa\'

yxia}

becomes

~yvid"Q\h; vd<qo

“Holy of holies”

Superlatives

• Two nouns in a construct chain

Superlatives

• Two nouns in a construct chain

~yrIyVih; ryvi

“Song of songs”

Superlatives

• Two nouns in a construct chain

~ynIdoa]h\' ynEdoa]w: ~yhil{a/h\' yhel{a/

“God of gods and Lord of lords” (Deuteronomy 10:17)

“From the smallest to the greatest” (1 Samuel 30:19)

Superlatives

• Two nouns in a construct chain
• The joining of with .

!mi

lKo

Son as a Figurative Term
• A “son of the possession” (qv,m,‑!b,) was an heir (Genesis 15:2).
• A “son of a house”(ytiyBe‑!b,) is one who is such a close friend that he is like a member of the family (Genesis 15:3).
• A “son of death” (tw<m\'‑!b,) is one who deserves to die (1 Samuel 20:31) or who has been condemned to die (Psalm 102:20).
• A “son of Gehinnon” is someone who is bound for hell (Matthew 23:15).
Son as a Figurative Term
• Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.

And when Abram was ninety years old and nine…

~y[iv.Ti-!B, ~r"b.a; yhiy>w:

~ynIv\' [v;tew> hn"v\'

Son as a Figurative Term
• Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.
• Look at the term “sons” (ynb) as it is used in Jeremiah 48:45.

Stone

rz<[eh\' !b,a,

Wnr"z"[]

### !b,a,

Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and named it Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.” (1 Samuel 7:12).

### hm\'d\'a]

Ground, land, earth

Enemy

Meat, flesh

Covenant

Border, boundary

lWx

B Firm, strong

Wealth, army

Lovingkindness

loyalty

vd\'x\'

B New

Month (new moon)

twOdy"

(Plural)

Hand

twOm

(construct form)

Death

### hJ,m;

Staff, rod, branch, tribe

Wilderness

### dA[

Again, still, as long as

### t[e

Time

He will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water,

Which yields its fruit in its season (Ps 1:3)

hl\'[\'

B To ascend

Burnt offering

Face

### !aoc

Flock of sheep or goats

Foot