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Construct. Chain. There is no word for “of” in Hebrew. #r<a'h' %l,m,. vyaih' lwOq. B The voice of the man. B The king of the land. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute. %l,m,h; db,[,. B The servant of the king. Construct.

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Construct

Chain



R a h l m
#r<a'h' %l,m,

vyaih' lwOq

B The voice of the man

B The king of the land

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king


You can have multiple constructs but only one absolute
You can have multiple constructs, but only one absolute

%l,m,h; db,[,

B The servant of the king

Construct

Absolute


Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated

  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

vyaih' lwOq

B The voice of the man

or

vyai lwOq

B A voice of a man


Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated

  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

  • Can have multiple construct nouns

AMai ybia]-tyBe tx;P;v.mi-lK'-la,w>

of his mother

of the father

of the son

of the clan

all

And to

(Judges 9:1)


Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated

  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

  • Can have multiple construct nouns

  • Can be joined by a Maqqef

dwID"-!B,

B Son of David


Construct Chains

  • Cannot be separated

  • Are either entirely definite or entirely indefinite

  • Can have multiple construct nouns

  • Can be joined by a Maqqef

  • Because they cannot be separated, adjectives must come after the chain (but will agree in number and gender with the noun they modify)


Bajh r a h l m
bAJh; #r<a'h' %l,m,

Construct Chains

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Masculine)

(The good king of the land)

(Masculine)

(Feminine)

(Feminine)

hb'AJh; #r<a'h' %l,m,

(The king of the goodland)


Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word


!Be

!B,

becomes

(son of)

lKo

lK'

(all of)

becomes

dy"

dy:

(hand of)

becomes

Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word

  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent


Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word

  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent

  • Masculine plural endings change

~yhil{a/

yhel{a/

becomes

ynEB.

~ynIB'

becomes


Construct Chains

  • A construct chain is pronounced as though it were a single word

  • The construct noun surrenders its primary accent

  • Masculine plural endings change

  • Feminine singular endings change

hr'AT

tr;AT

becomes

hnEv'

tn:v.

becomes


Construct Chains

  • Some monosyllabic words add a yod to their stem in the construct state

ba'

ybia}

becomes

xa'

yxia}

becomes


~yvid"Q\h; vd<qo

“Holy of holies”

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain


Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain

~yrIyVih; ryvi

“Song of songs”


Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain

~ynIdoa]h' ynEdoa]w: ~yhil{a/h' yhel{a/

“God of gods and Lord of lords” (Deuteronomy 10:17)


lAdG"h;-d[;w> !joQ'h;-!mi

“From the smallest to the greatest” (1 Samuel 30:19)

Superlatives

  • Two nouns in a construct chain

  • The joining of with .

!mi

lKo


Son as a figurative term
Son as a Figurative Term

  • A “son of the possession” (qv,m,‑!b,) was an heir (Genesis 15:2).

  • A “son of a house”(ytiyBe‑!b,) is one who is such a close friend that he is like a member of the family (Genesis 15:3).

  • A “son of death” (tw<m'‑!b,) is one who deserves to die (1 Samuel 20:31) or who has been condemned to die (Psalm 102:20).

  • A “son of Gehinnon” is someone who is bound for hell (Matthew 23:15).


Son as a figurative term1
Son as a Figurative Term

  • Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.

And when Abram was ninety years old and nine…

~y[iv.Ti-!B, ~r"b.a; yhiy>w:

~ynIv' [v;tew> hn"v'


Son as a figurative term2
Son as a Figurative Term

  • Look at the term “son” (!b) as it is used in Genesis 17:1.

  • Look at the term “sons” (ynb) as it is used in Jeremiah 48:45.



!b,a,

Stone


rz<[eh' !b,a,

Wnr"z"[]

!b,a,

Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and named it Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.” (1 Samuel 7:12).


Hm d a

hm'd'a]

Ground, land, earth


by"a'

Enemy


rf'B'

Meat, flesh


Tyrib

tyrIB.

Covenant


lWbG>

Border, boundary


lWx

B Firm, strong

lyIx;

Wealth, army


ds,x,

Lovingkindness

loyalty


Vd xo

vd'x'

B New

vd,xo

Month (new moon)


twOdy"

(Plural)

dy"

Hand


twOm

(construct form)

tw<m'

Death


hJ,m;

Staff, rod, branch, tribe


Rb d mi

rB'd>mi

Wilderness


dA[

Again, still, as long as


t[e

Time

He will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water,

Which yields its fruit in its season (Ps 1:3)


hl'['

B To ascend

hl'[o

Burnt offering


~ynIP'

Face


!aoc

Flock of sheep or goats


lg<r,

Foot


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