Ancient China. Neolithic China. “Peking Man” (750,000 – 500,000 BCE). Sinanthropus pekinesis. Yellow River Civilization. Neolithic Pottery. 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures. “Chung Kuo” (The “Middle Kingdom” ). Hsia Dynasty 2205-1027 BCE.
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“Peking Man”(750,000 – 500,000 BCE)
3000 BCE to2000 BCE
The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures
“Chung Kuo”(The “Middle Kingdom”)
“Huangdi” – Emperor
The Evolution of ChineseWriting during the Shang
Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jade
Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
1027 - 256 BCE
Pendant of a Dancer - jade 3c BCE (Eastern Zhou)
Ritual Wine Vessel – 4cbronze, silver, gold, copper
The Mandate of Heaven
A new dynasty comes to power.
The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient.
Emperor isdefeated !!
Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged.
Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor.
Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.)
Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords.
Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected.
Govt. increasesspending; corruption.