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Ancient China. Neolithic China. “Peking Man” (750,000 – 500,000 BCE). Sinanthropus pekinesis. Yellow River Civilization. Neolithic Pottery. 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures. “Chung Kuo” (The “Middle Kingdom” ). Hsia Dynasty 2205-1027 BCE.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Ancient

China

slide5

Neolithic Pottery

3000 BCE to2000 BCE

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Hsia Dynasty

2205-1027 BCE

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“Huangdi” – Emperor

  • The “Yellow Emperor.”
  • Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years.
  • Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.
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Emperor Fuxi

  • Mythical Hsia ruler.
  • Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.
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Shang Dynasty

1766-1027 BCE

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Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jade

Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE

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Zhou Dynasty

1027 - 256 BCE

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“T’ien Ming”

The Mandate of Heaven

  • The leader must lead by ability and virtue.
  • The dynasty\'s leadership must be justified by succeeding generations.
  • The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.
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A new dynasty comes to power.

The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient.

Start here

Emperor isdefeated !!

Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged.

TheDynasticCycle

Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor.

Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.)

Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords.

Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected.

Droughts,floods,famines occur.

Govt. increasesspending; corruption.

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