Prentice Hall PoliticalScience Interactive. Thomas R. Dye Politics in America Special Topic Chapter15 Affirmative Action. Slavery and Its Legacy.
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Thomas R. Dye
Politics in America
Race-based slavery and the years of racial discrimination that followed laid the foundation for contemporary racial disparities in wealth, education, housing patterns and employment opportunities
The Earnings Gap: Median Weekly Earnings of Men and Women
Gender Differentiation in the Labor Market
Latinos have suffered discrimination in housing, employment, public accommodations, education and have faced harsh treatment from police and other government officials
Cesar Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association to organize Latinos
“Asian-Americans…face widespread prejudice, discrimination and barriers to equal opportunity”
-U.S. Civil Rights Commission
A WWII Japanese Internment Camp
The drive for civil rights focused on
Exclusion, by reason of race, gender, or disability, from public education, employment, housing and public accommodations
Equality of Opportunity
Equality of Starting Conditions
Equality Between Groups
Equality of Results
Equality of Condition
The government takes direct action to reduce economic disparities between citizens
Equality of Opportunity
The government seeks to eliminate some discriminatory barriers to education, employment, and public accommodation
Remedial preferences provided to people in university admissions, employment, and government contracts
Affirmative Action is called reverse discriminationby opponents
49 percent of white respondents think that affirmative action has gone too far, while 79 percent of minority respondents think that it is still needed.
What are some of the consequences that these polarized views can result in?
Protest over Florida Governor Jeb Bush’s effort to ban racial preferences in university admissions and state contracting
Barbara Grutter (left) was the unsuccessful plaintiff in Grutter v. Bollinger
Jennifer Gratz (right) was the successful plaintiff in Gratz v Bollinger.
Following the 1990 census, the Department of Justice pressed southern legislatures to draw as many districts as possible in which minorities would constitute a majority of the electorate
Affirmative Racial Gerrymandering in North Carolina