PM 10 AND ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION (ARI) AMONG CHILDREN IN KLANG VALLEY : GIS MAPPING. Siti Rahmah A. R. 1 , Sharifah Norkhadijah S. I. 1 , Muhammad Firuz R. 2 , Mohd Talib L. 3 , Mazrura S. 4.
Siti Rahmah A. R.1, Sharifah Norkhadijah S. I. 1, Muhammad Firuz R. 2, Mohd Talib L. 3, Mazrura S. 4
1Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UPM
2School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM
3Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environment Studies, UPM
4Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Worsened air pollution
Source: Department of Statistic, Malaysia 2010
Source: Malaysia Air Pollution Index and Environmental Quality Report 2010
Source of Ozone:
- industrial facilities and electric utilities, motor vehicle exhaust, gasoline vapors, and chemical
Malaysia Ambient Air Quality Guidelines
Source of SO2:
- Generation of electricity from coal, oil or gas that contain sulphur, fuel combustion
Source of CO:
- incomplete combustion like cigarette smoking and car exhausts
Source of PM10:
- bushfires, unpaved roads, motor vehicles emission, industrial process
Source of NO2:
- Motor vehicles exhaust, electric utilities and industrial boilers
Source: Environmental Quality Report 2010
Particles, which are between 2.5 and 10 microns in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5-PM10),
Particles smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5), can travel deeper into the lungs.
To determine distribution pattern of PM10 and ARI among children age between 0 to 14 years old in Klang Valley.
Data analysis 2010
ARI data with the coordinate will be input in the GIS software to build a pattern of ARI cases
Air pollution data with the coordinate of each monitoring station will be input in the GIS software to build a pattern of air pollution
These two pattern will be overlaid to explore the association between ARI and PM10.
PM 2010 10 concentration with ARI cases in 2008
PM 2010 10 concentration with ARI cases in 2009
PM 2010 10 concentration with ARI cases in 2010