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History. DeAF HISTORY. Little is known about the history of sign language before 1816. It is likely that there were several different signed languages or types of signing used by the deaf and their family members.

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History

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History

History


Deaf history

DeAF HISTORY

  • Little is known about the history of sign language before 1816.

  • It is likely that there were several different signed languages or types of signing used by the deaf and their family members.

  • Most deaf people were isolated due to lack of understanding of them and little to no schools to attend.

  • Without schools or organizations for the deaf to be brought together, a deaf child and their family may create a personal way to communicate-known as home signs.

  • (Also, sign languages from other countries may account for some signs brought by immigrants)


1816 hartford connecticut

1816-Hartford, Connecticut

  • A rich doctor (Dr. Cogswell) had a deaf daughter named Alice.

  • The doctor wanted to find someone to educate his daughter.

  • Dr. Cogswell found his neighbor Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and raised money to send THG to Europe to learn how to educate the Deaf.


Thomas hopkins gallaudet

Thomas hopkinsgallaudet

  • THG was a graduate from Yale University, after the money was raised by Cogswell, THG first went to England.

  • The Oral method was becoming popular. Thus he ended up at the Braidwood School (an oral school) but was turned away.

  • However, while in England, THG met Sicardwho was putting on an exhibition of his deaf students.


History

  • Sicard then invited THG to study in France and to study French Sign Language.

  • While in France, THG met Laurent Clerc (one of Sicard’s students) and the two of them traveled back to the U.S.

  • THG taught Clerc English and Clerc taught THG French Sign Language during their 52 day trip to the U.S.


Taaadaaahh

Taaadaaahh!

  • In April 1817, Gallaudet and Clerc established a school for the deaf in Hartford, Connecticut.

  • Original name was the Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb Persons (It was later changed to the American School for the Deaf)

  • The combination of signs that existed in America already (home signs/ minimal communication) and French signs that Clerc brought over created….


History

American

Sign

Language

Taadaaah…


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