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Democratic Republic of the Congo. By Jackson McDermott. People. Religion: Christianty, Islam Language: French, Lingala, Kiswhali, Kikongo, Tshiluba Population: 66 million LIfe expectancy: 46 years (men, 49 years (women).

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Religion: Christianty, Islam

Language: French, Lingala, Kiswhali, Kikongo, Tshiluba

Population: 66 million

LIfe expectancy: 46 years (men, 49 years (women)


Climate: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is near the equator so it is hot and humid. South of the Equator, so their is a lot of rain fall between October-May. The annual temperature is 77 degrees fahrenheit. 

Capital: Kinshasa


President: Joseph Kaliba

He became President when his father was assassinated in 2001. He was trained in China and helped fight against dictator Mobuto Sese Seko in 1997. He was a Guerilla fight for over a decade then he took on his fathers position. He is one of ten in his family and is supported by many major world leaders.




By Emily and Katelyn

what is imperialism
What is Imperialism?

Imperialism is when one country controls another area, such as a separate territory or country. This is usually obtained by using a strong military. Imperialism is closely related to expansionism and colonialism.

the age of imperialism
The Age of Imperialism

This period of time was during the late 1800\'s. Africa was divided up among many European nations, including Britain, Germany, and Belgium. Also during this time period Spain lost the Spanish-American War and lost a great amount of land to the United States. Eventually this disquiet between nations led to World War II.

motives for imperialism
Motives for Imperialism

Also during the late 1800\'s, the want to gain more territory became more common. In those days, expanding and gaining land was the most important.

the new imperialism
The New Imperialism

In 1877 many European countries decided to divide the continent into "spheres of influence". They believed that this would solve some of the economical issues that were going on during this time.

countries involved in imperialism
Countries involved in Imperialism

Belgium, Italy, Spain, Portugal, England, France, and Germany were  the main countries throughout Africa that were involved in imperialism.



"World Book." Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.

"Imperialism in Africa |" Online Magazine and Writers\' Network | Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.


joseph conrad

Joseph Conrad

Valerie Golembeski & Madeline Lusk

"Joseph Conrad." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 11 Nov. 2009. <>

early life
Early Life
  • Born in 1857
  • Berdichev, Russia 
  • Born of Polish Parents
  • Both parents died of Tiberculosis
voyages at sea
Voyages at Sea
  • 1874-Started out to sea heading for the West Indies

               -smuggled weapons for civil war in Spain

  • 1878-Joined a merchant ship

               -attempted suicide

  • 1884- Became a master mariner and British citizen
  • His voyages inspired many of his writings
home life
Home Life
  • Lived in Marseilles, France when not on a ship
  • Compulsive gambler

           -was in severe debt (reason for attempted suicide)

           -shot himself in the chest, but didn\'t die

  •  Moved to England for his writing career

           -only knew five English words at first

           -learned English, and wrote everything in that language

his accomplishments
His Accomplishments 
  • Novelist
  • Considered a pioneer writer in the 16th century
  • His life of travel and exploration inspired many of his pieces
  • A majority of his works focused on the dark side of human nature
    • greed
    • cruelty
    • lust for power or goods
  • Major works
    • "Heart of Darkness"
    • "The Secret Agent"
    • "Nostromo"
    • "Lord Jim"
heart of darkness
"Heart of Darkness" 
  • Written in 1902
  • His most well known work
  • Inspired by his travels to the Congo
  • Criticizes European imperialism and exploration
  • Story of protagonist, Marlow, and antagonist, Kurtz
  • Oppression of the African natives
  • Greed of the Europeans
  • Title suggests the dark continent of Africa and the dark hearts of men
  • Written in 1904
  • Ispired by his travels on the Saint-Antoine
  • Takes place in a fictional South American country
    • silver mine
  • Conveyed ideas of revolution, politics, and financial manipulation

"The Secret Agent"

  • Written in 1907
  • Marked Conrad\'s transition from an adventure style to a political style
  • Look into anarchists, police, and politicians in London

"Joseph Conrad." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 11 Nov. 2009. <>.

"Joseph Conrad." Student Research Center. Ebsco Host. Web. 10 Nov. 2009. <>.

"Joseph Conrad." Student Research Center. Ebsco Host. Web. 10 Nov. 2009. <>. 

things fall apart

Things Fall Apart

By: Chinua Achebe

linden and riley

Linden and Riley

Team Awesome

about the story
Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is the story of an Igbo village in Nigeria and the journey of Okonkwo. 

As one of the strongest men in all of the surrounding villages, Okonkwo struggles with the changes that come when the white settlers come to colonize his village. In addition to the external changes, it is also his strong personality that eventually leads to his downfall.

About the Story
progression of colonization
In this book there was a very slow progression in which the white men who came to the Igbo community, developed trust amoung the villages, and changed their entire way of life. Progression of Colonization
about chinua achebe
Chinua Achebe is a well known African novelist and poet. He was born in Ogidi, Nigeria. Achebe attended the University College of Ibadan. Things Fall Apart was his first book.

According to "" Achebe\'s list of work includes:

Things Fall Apart (1958),

Arrow of God (1964),

No Longer at Ease (1960),

A Man of the People (1966),

and Anthills of the Savannah (1988).

About Chinua Achebe

"Things Fall Apart Book Notes Summary by Chinua Achebe: Topic Tracking: Colonization Book Notes Summary." Book Summaries, Study Guides. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.

"Chinua Achebe, Nigeria novelist and poet." African American Literature Book Club: African American Books by Famous Black Authors And Poets. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.

 "Chinua Achebe: Biography from" Wiki Q&A combined with free online dictionary, thesaurus, and encyclopedias. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.


heart of darkness1

Heart of Darkness

Coleman Hostetler

Isaac Gilligan

Period 8

what is it
What is it?

•Heart of Darkness is a book written by Joseph Conrad. It was published in 1902 and was about an Englishman’s assignment as a ferry-boat captain in Africa. The book mainly follows the captain as he recounts a story, making the book a story within a story.

about the author
About the Author

Joseph Conrad was born in Ukraine, in 1857. Soon after marriage, he began to write. His inspiration for his book,  Heart of Darkness came when he took a trip to the congo in 1890. He continued to write stories until the age of 54, eventually dying of a heart attack at age 67, in 1924.


Heart of Darkness has been adapted into a short TV special, a movie, and inspired other short stories. The best known adaptation of Heart of Darkness is the movie Apocalypse Now! byFrancisFord Coppola. In this movie, the Congo is replaced with Vietnam, but the basic theme stays relatively the same, as well as the movie even using various names from the book.

the story
                        The Story

 Conrad\'s Heart Of Darkness first appeared in a three part magazine in the year 1899. It became classic English literature for multiple reasons. The largest one was that of the sheer impact of the writing. For the time period, it was a stunningly harsh view into the wiltered world he portrayed. The themes depicted were often sad but realistic. The ending note seemed to most as a depiction of kindness to a main character\'s grieving fiancee.


The reception to Conrad\'s novel was at first rather controversial. Chinua Achebe criticized Heart of Darkness for the de-moralization and de-humanization of African Americans. His work was constantly contemplated as being a rascist peice of literature. However, the sheer psychological and moral horror story still provides ample material for literary studies.


Heart of Darkness was controversial for many reasons, though the main theme portrayed was the inner darkness in every human being. His characters and story revolve solely around the evil and dismay in the human heart. Although some have argued that the point of the story was to display a sense of good vs. evil (light vs. the dark) if looked at closely the only elements displaying a resistence to the dark was that of individual characters. Other prevalent themes was that of the fraility of women and the weakness of the African society.




By Alex Hardison

nigerian life
Nigerian Life

•-Food varies greatly depending on region

•-TV’s, VCR’s, and Radios are popular where electricity is available.

•Celebrate some holidays, including their independence day, which is October 1st, and workers day, which is May 1st.

•They also celebrate religious holidays.

auto industry of nigeria
Auto industry of Nigeria

•-Nigerian auto industry is in decline.

•-Only car manufactures left are Puegeot Automobile Nigeria and Anambra Motor Manufacturers Company Limited.

•-Main reasons for decline is the lack of money of the Nigerians, a large amount can’t afford cars, coupled with the high cost of manufacturing is the reason for decline.

food of nigeria
Food of Nigeria

•Each region has its own set of foods.

•-In Southern Nigeria, many soups are based on tomatoes, onions, red pepper, and Palm Oil.

•-In Northern Nigeria, rice is the main food staple. Most of the people there don’t eat pork because most of them are Muslim.

•A large amount of Nigerians eat fruits because they live in the tropics.


•"Nigeria.”Encyclopedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 12 Nov. 2009


•"Nigeria." FodbyCountry. 12 Apr. 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2009. <>.

the congos

The Congos

Cody A. Cooper


location for republic of congo
Location for Republic of Congo
  • Located in middle of Africa
  • coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
  • Capitol- Brazzaville
  • Pop. 4,012,000 citizens
  • About same size as Montana
government economy
Government + Economy
  • Govt. type- Republic
  • Economy is mainly subsistence farming
  • Main export is oil
  • Not a wealthy nation
chinua achebe

Chinua Achebe

By Andrew Zhang

  • Born in 1930 in Ogidi, Nigeria
  • Full name was Albert Chinualumogu Achebe
  • Went to Government College in Umahia and University College of Ibadan
  • Been Professor of English at many universities including the University of Nigeria, University of Massachusetts, Amherst and Bard College
  • He wrote many books. The most famous one is Things Fall Apart but others include: A Man of the People, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God and The Sacrificial Egg and Other Stories just to name a few.
things fall apart1
Things Fall Apart
  • Things Fall Apart was his first novel and was published in 1958
  • It is set in the 1890s around the life of Okonkwo who is a respected person in his Igbo community. He is prosperous and has no troubles. But when he gets into trouble, his downfall begins.
  • Liukkonen, Petri. "Chinua Achebe." the Pegasus. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2009.     <>.
religion in africa

Religion In Africa

By: Gina Torretti


Africa is known for being a religious continent. Religion is part of the heritage.

  • All of the traditional religions are in Africa such as:
  • Buddhism
  • Hinduism
  • Judaism
  • The majority of Africans identify themselves with one or more of three religious traditions:
  • Indigenous
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • African Religion-has no holy book that they use for direction.

  • Africans worship many different ways and places based on the religion that is being practiced.
  • Along with in homes and public squares, they worship in personal huts, village shrines, places of deceased chiefs, and places containing the relics and paraphernalia of dead chiefs.
  • They worship by performing sacrifices and prayer
  • "Religion in Africa." Exploring Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.
  • <a href="">Religion - Africa - Worship Spaces</a>
  • Mbiti, John S. Introduction to African Religion. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Google. Web. 12 Nov. 2009. <>.
by brianna bevan


By: Brianna Bevan

back ground information
Back Ground Information
  • Yams are a vegetable
  • They are grown in tropical areas
  • They are a staple food throughout Africa
  • When men grew them they stood for manliness

what you can make out of yams
What you can make out of yams
  • Fufu
  • Stew
  • Yam casserole
  • Yam soup
  • Baked, fried, boiled, pounded, roasted yams

  • “Yam.” Congo cookbook.
  • “Yam A Uniquely Delicious African Food Rhizome.” African Foods.
  • “West African Cuisine – Yams.” Ezine Articles.
the african yams

The African Yams

By: Joel Canner

the yam itself
The Yam itself

Not to be confused as a sweet potato the African Yam is often known as the pride of an African kitchen. It is different from the sweet potato because of differing amount of seed leaves.

Image:Oct11 2007

what is a yam
What is a Yam
  • Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. Native to Africa and Asia, yams vary in size from that of a small potato to a record 130 pounds (as of 1999). There are over 600 varieties of yams and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Compared to sweet potatoes, yams are starchier and drier. 2310 2009. Library of Congress, Web. 11 Nov 2009. <>.
how do people use the african yam in foods
How do People use the African Yam in foods?
  • The African Yam is used in many dishes but the Spiced Yam waffles are considered one of the sweetest ways to use the yam.
  • 2 cups all purpose flour2/3 cup corn meal1/4 cup brown sugar2 t baking powder3/4 t baking soda1 t salt1-1/2 t cinnamon1 T ground ginger1/2 t nutmeg1/3 t ground cloves1/3 can (5 oz) coconut milk2-1/3 cups whole milk1/3 cup pureed yam3.5 oz apple sauce1/3 cup butter2 eggs, separated
  • 1.      Preheat waffle iron.2.      Brown butter, melting it on medium heat until it’s golden brown, then removing it from the heat immediately3.      In a large bowl, combine the dry ingredients (flour, corn meal, baking powder, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg and clove) and mix well with a whisk.4.      In a medium bowl, whisk together the egg yolks, coconut milk, yam, brown sugar, milk, and cooled browned butter.5.      Pour these mixed wet ingredients into the dry ingredients and stir until just combined. Do not overmix!6.      In a medium bowl, beat the egg whites with a hand mixer until stiff but not dry. Then fold the whites into the rest of the batter.7.      Ladle batter onto the waffle iron and cook according to the iron’s directions (usually about 5 minutes, or until no steam emerges from the waffle iron).
  • "rodale institute." 2008. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <>.
  • "rodale institute." 2008. Web. 11 Nov 2009. <>.
  • 2310 2009. Library of Congress, Web. 11 Nov 2009. <>.
the second coming

The Second Coming

Caitlin McKenna

the author
The Author

William Butler Yeats

  • Born in County Dublin, Ireland in June, 1865
  • Inspired by Irish folktales
  • Attended Erasmus Smith High School and then spent two years at the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin, where some of his first poems were published
  • Went on to become a successful poet and playwright
the poem
The Poem

    Turning and turning in the widening gyre     The falcon cannot hear the falconer;     Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;     Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,     The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere     The ceremony of innocence is drowned;     The best lack all conviction, while the worst     Are full of passionate intensity.

    Surely some revelation is at hand;     Surely the Second Coming is at hand.     The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out     When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi     Troubles my sight: a waste of desert sand;     A shape with lion body and the head of a man,     A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,     Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it     Wind shadows of the indignant desert birds.     The darkness drops again but now I know     That twenty centuries of stony sleep     Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,     And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,     Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?

reception and meaning
Reception and Meaning
  • Yeats had a definite interest in mysterious things, and that’s very evident in “The Second Coming”; there is much criticism of the poem due to its ambiguity. In short, it is about Yeats’s discomforted view of the world’s state at the time, and through the poem he tells what he believes will inevitably happen. Many attribute this to the just-ended World War I and the numerous unhappy events that had recently taken place.