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Association of Public Accounts Committees (APAC). BUDGET FORMULATION PROCESS: The Role of Legislatures/PAC’s Hon JT Beukes APAC Chairperson SADCOPAC Conference 2013 Arusha , Tanzania 3 September 2013. RSA Budget Formulation Process: Background.

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Association of public accounts committees apac

Association of Public Accounts Committees (APAC)

BUDGET FORMULATION PROCESS: The Role of Legislatures/PAC’s

Hon JT Beukes

APAC Chairperson

SADCOPAC Conference 2013

Arusha, Tanzania

3 September 2013


Rsa budget formulation process background

RSA Budget Formulation Process: Background

  • The preparation of the Budget in South Africa is vested with the Executive

  • Legislative Authority, i.t.o the Constitution of RSA (1996), is vested in Parliament and Provincial Legislatures

    • Sections 44 and 104 confers these powers

    • Section151 confers legislative and executive powers to municipalities

  • Sections 73 and 119 states that:

    • Only a Cabinet member or a Deputy Minister, or a member of committee or Executive member, introduce a Bill …; BUT only the Executive member responsible for national financial matters may introduce a money Bill in the Assembly or Legislature.

    • A Money Bill is defined as A Bill that appropriates money or imposes taxes, levies or duties and may not deal with any other matter except a subordinate matter incidental to the appropriation of money or the imposition of taxes, levies or duties

  • The Legislative Sector In the RSA Developed a Standardised Oversight Model which seeks to:

    • To detect and prevent abuse, arbitrary behaviour or illegal and unconstitutional conduct on the part of the government and public agencies

    • the government to account in respect of how the taxpayers’ money is used

    • ensure that policies announced by government and authorised by parliament and provincial legislatures are actually delivered


Introduction

Introduction

  • Budgeting in the RSA is known as Performance-based budgeting as the Budget seeks to:

    • Ensure the realization of policy objectives or effectiveness of government towards achieving good economic and socio-economic outcomes

    • Ensure VALUE - FOR – MONEY meaning; economic, efficiency and effective use of the Country’s financial resources by Public Services

    • Ensure service delivery performance – the quality, quantity and urgency thereof – and its overall contribution towards the achievement of predetermined outcomes

  • The Budget Process involves various stakeholders; amongst others:

    • Institutions supporting Democracy in the RSA e.g. the Financial and Fiscal Commission (FFC) - a Constitutional Mandated organisation assisting the Executive and supporting the Legislative Authority

    • Public involvement by way of suggestions (from Civil Society and the broader public) to the Minister responsible for Finance

    • Public Involvement through Legislatures by way of Public Hearings


Regulatory framework governing the budget in the republic of south africa

Regulatory Framework Governing the Budget in the Republic of South Africa

  • The Constitution of the RSA 1996:

    • Promotes transparency, accountability and the effective financial management of the economy, debt and the public sector

    • Budgets MUST contain:

      • estimates of revenue and expenditure, differentiating between capital and current

      • expenditure;

      • proposals for financing any anticipated deficit for the period to which they apply; and

      • an indication of intentions regarding borrowing and other forms of public liability that will increase public debt during the ensuing year

  • The Division of Revenue Act

    • equitable division of revenue raised nationally among the national, provincial and local spheres of government

  • The Appropriations Act

    • Appropriates revenue to Public Service (Departments: Executive and Legislatures)

  • The Public Finance Management Act

    • Provides for the efficient and effective use of public finances in South Africa


Budget formulation process

Budget Formulation process

  • Receipt of revised policy objectives/priorities

  • Strategic planning by Executive – Five year forecast planning

  • Approval of Strategic Plan by Executive

  • Revision of Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) – three year budget projections

  • Approval of MTEF by Executive

  • Receive confirmation of annual budget allocation from Treasury

  • Finalisation of Annual Budget

  • Approval of Annual Budget by Parliament, legislature, Council

  • Monitoring of Expenditure by Parliament, legislature, Council through In-Year Reports (Monthly and Quarterly Expenditure reports) as well as Annual Report and Annual Financial Statement


Association of public accounts committees apac

PUBLIC SECTOR FINANCE MANAGEMENT REFORM MODEL

1. PLANNING AND FORMULATION STAGES

2. OPERATIONAL AND CONTROL STAGES (CURRENT YEAR)

INTERNAL CONTROLS

Incl. risk and corruption controls

POLICY OBJECTIVES

INITIAL COSTING

STRATEGIC PLANNING

RISK ASSESSMENT

PROCUREMENT

SUPPLY CHAINS

PERSON NEL

EXPENSES

STOCKS/

INVENTORIES

WORKING

CAPITAL

MTEF

1 – 2 - 3

FINAL COSTING

ACCOUNTS

(MONTHLY / ANNUAL)

------------------------------

EXPENDITURE

------------------------------

INCOME STATEMENT

--------------------------------

BALANCE SHEET

BUDGET

(MONTHLY / ANNUAL)

-------------------------------

EXPENDITURE

----------------------------

INCOME STATEMENT

----------------------------

BALANCE SHEET

planned

MEASUR-

ABLE

OUTPUTS

achieved

MEASUR-

ABLE

OUTPUTS

GFS/SDDS

GAAP/GRAP

(ACCRUAL)

GFS/SDDS

GAAP/GRAP

(ACCRUAL)

3. ACCOUNTABILITY AND OVERSIGHT STAGES

ANALYSIS/

ACTION

PLANNED RESULTS

(DOCUMENTED)

REPORTED RESULTS

(DOCUMENTED)


Extensive budget co ordination process

Extensive Budget Co-ordination process


Association of public accounts committees apac

Budget Co-ordination processby National and Provincial governmentsDECISION-MAKING AND COORDINATION ACTIONS


Process of legislating in south africa

Process of Legislating in South Africa

  • Minister/Executive Member tabling the Budget (Bill) in Parliament/Legislatures – budget referred to relevant Committee

  • Appropriations/Finance (Budget) Committees deliberate on Budget

  • Budget Public Hearings Conducted

  • Inputs processed and considered

  • Bill debated and adopted by Parliament/Legislatures


Committees of parliament legislatures

Committees of Parliament/Legislatures

  • Committees examines budget proposals against policy priorities

  • Appropriations Committee appropriates the nationally raised revenue

  • Provincial Finance/Budget Committees examines Provincial Budget proposals

  • Local Government participates in the budget process

  • Parliament/Legislatures appropriates the budget amongst Provinces and/or Departments


Pac s role in the budget process

PAC’s Role in the Budget Process

  • PAC Conduct In-year and after-the-fact oversight focusing on expenditure against planned activities and budgets

  • PAC’s works closely with the Auditor-General

  • PAC also works with other Functional Portfolio Committees

  • PAC makes recommendations on expenditure patterns which is authorized at the House


Monitoring of expenditure

Monitoring Of Expenditure

  • South Africa Developed a Legislative Sector Oversight Models which seeks to:

    • evaluate of the efficacy of public service programmes and the appropriateness of financial resource allocations and management

  • PAC’s and Portfolio Committees receiving and reviewing quarterly financials and performance


Thank you

THANK YOU


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