Introduction to ap u s government and politics
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Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics. Mr. Burkowski Jr. (JB) Academy for Advanced Academics. Know and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American Politics. The Electorate – The Voter Self-Interests Beliefs/Philosophies Interest Groups Issues Lobbying

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Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics

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Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics

Mr. Burkowski Jr. (JB)

Academy for Advanced Academics


Know and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American Politics

  • The Electorate – The Voter

    • Self-Interests

    • Beliefs/Philosophies

  • Interest Groups

    • Issues

    • Lobbying

  • The Government Institutions

    • Legislation

    • Executive

    • Bureaucratic Agencies

    • Judicial

  • The Linkage Institutions

    • Political Parties

    • Media

    • Elections and Campaigns


Again, Think Politically

  • “I know exactly how a bill becomes a law in the federal government.”

  • OK, do you know why a legislator would delay or prevent a bill from becoming a law? Do you know how the legislator would do this?

  • Do you know why and how a bill can become law faster than usual?

  • It is more than knowing the rules, but how to play the game.


Power and Types of Government

  • Power is the ability to coerce someone to do what you want

  • Autocracy

  • Oligarchy

  • Theocracy

  • Totalitarianism

  • Democracy


Autocracy

  • Unlimited power is vested in one person

  • Absolute Monarchy

    • Hereditary position

    • Ex. Louis XIV, Saudi Arabia

  • Dictatorship

    • Assume power through force or persuasion

    • Ex. Kim Jong-il of North Korea


Oligarchy

  • Power is vested in the hands of a few, usually elites

  • In most cases, power passed down through heredity and/or elitist characteristic to preserve influence and power

  • Plutocracy or Aristocracy is rule by the wealthy

  • Examples:

    • Sparta

    • Apartheid South Africa


Theocracy

  • Power is assumed by religious leaders who establish laws and limits based on religious decree

  • Examples:

    • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    • Islamist Republic of Iran

      • The Ayatollah

    • Holy See/Vatican City

      • The Pope


Totalitarianism

  • Government assumes all power and controls all aspects of society

  • The state may fall under the control of a single dictator, political party, or group of elites

  • Examples:

    • Benito Mussolini’s Fascist Italy


Democracy

  • Rule by many, rule of the people

    • Citizens participate in the political process and determine public policy

  • Direct Democracy

    • All citizens determine public policy

  • Representative Democracy

    • Citizens elect representatives to determine public policy

    • Republic

      • People reserve the ultimate authority

      • Government leaders answer to electorate

      • Government limited by constitution and/or popular sovereignty


Type of Governments for U.S. Government

  • Parliamentary System

    • Legislative supremacy which delegates powers to executives

    • Ex. United Kingdom

  • Unitary government

    • Power solely reserved in central government

    • Central government delegates power

    • Ex. United Kingdom

  • Confederation

    • Loose alliance of sovereign states

    • States reserve sovereignty and work together for common causes toward foreign states

    • Central government significantly limited and changes to government require unanimous consent

    • Ex. U.S.A. under Articles of Confederation

  • Federation/Federal Republic

    • Strong central government manages national policies

    • Division of powers between national and state/local governments

    • Federal government holds supreme power

    • Ex. U.S.A. under U.S. Constitution


Democratic Theories

  • Traditional

    • Consent of the governed

  • Pluralist

    • Interest groups

  • Elite/Elitist

    • Upper class leaders

  • Bureaucratic

    • Bureaucrats/government officials

  • Hyperpluralism

    • Numerous interest groups


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