Introduction to ap u s government and politics
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 69 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics. Mr. Burkowski Jr. (JB) Academy for Advanced Academics. Know and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American Politics. The Electorate – The Voter Self-Interests Beliefs/Philosophies Interest Groups Issues Lobbying

Download Presentation

Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Introduction to ap u s government and politics

Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics

Mr. Burkowski Jr. (JB)

Academy for Advanced Academics


Know and understand the basic functional concepts of american politics

Know and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American Politics

  • The Electorate – The Voter

    • Self-Interests

    • Beliefs/Philosophies

  • Interest Groups

    • Issues

    • Lobbying

  • The Government Institutions

    • Legislation

    • Executive

    • Bureaucratic Agencies

    • Judicial

  • The Linkage Institutions

    • Political Parties

    • Media

    • Elections and Campaigns


Again think politically

Again, Think Politically

  • “I know exactly how a bill becomes a law in the federal government.”

  • OK, do you know why a legislator would delay or prevent a bill from becoming a law? Do you know how the legislator would do this?

  • Do you know why and how a bill can become law faster than usual?

  • It is more than knowing the rules, but how to play the game.


Power and types of government

Power and Types of Government

  • Power is the ability to coerce someone to do what you want

  • Autocracy

  • Oligarchy

  • Theocracy

  • Totalitarianism

  • Democracy


Autocracy

Autocracy

  • Unlimited power is vested in one person

  • Absolute Monarchy

    • Hereditary position

    • Ex. Louis XIV, Saudi Arabia

  • Dictatorship

    • Assume power through force or persuasion

    • Ex. Kim Jong-il of North Korea


Oligarchy

Oligarchy

  • Power is vested in the hands of a few, usually elites

  • In most cases, power passed down through heredity and/or elitist characteristic to preserve influence and power

  • Plutocracy or Aristocracy is rule by the wealthy

  • Examples:

    • Sparta

    • Apartheid South Africa


Theocracy

Theocracy

  • Power is assumed by religious leaders who establish laws and limits based on religious decree

  • Examples:

    • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    • Islamist Republic of Iran

      • The Ayatollah

    • Holy See/Vatican City

      • The Pope


Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism

  • Government assumes all power and controls all aspects of society

  • The state may fall under the control of a single dictator, political party, or group of elites

  • Examples:

    • Benito Mussolini’s Fascist Italy


Democracy

Democracy

  • Rule by many, rule of the people

    • Citizens participate in the political process and determine public policy

  • Direct Democracy

    • All citizens determine public policy

  • Representative Democracy

    • Citizens elect representatives to determine public policy

    • Republic

      • People reserve the ultimate authority

      • Government leaders answer to electorate

      • Government limited by constitution and/or popular sovereignty


Type of governments for u s government

Type of Governments for U.S. Government

  • Parliamentary System

    • Legislative supremacy which delegates powers to executives

    • Ex. United Kingdom

  • Unitary government

    • Power solely reserved in central government

    • Central government delegates power

    • Ex. United Kingdom

  • Confederation

    • Loose alliance of sovereign states

    • States reserve sovereignty and work together for common causes toward foreign states

    • Central government significantly limited and changes to government require unanimous consent

    • Ex. U.S.A. under Articles of Confederation

  • Federation/Federal Republic

    • Strong central government manages national policies

    • Division of powers between national and state/local governments

    • Federal government holds supreme power

    • Ex. U.S.A. under U.S. Constitution


Democratic theories

Democratic Theories

  • Traditional

    • Consent of the governed

  • Pluralist

    • Interest groups

  • Elite/Elitist

    • Upper class leaders

  • Bureaucratic

    • Bureaucrats/government officials

  • Hyperpluralism

    • Numerous interest groups


  • Login