Unit 1 test
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Unit 1 TEST . Study Guide INFO. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Latitude and longitude. North Pole: 90 degrees N Degrees are divided into 60 minutes Longitude lines converge at the poles. Contour interval.

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Unit 1 TEST

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Unit 1 test

Unit 1 TEST

Study Guide INFO


Electromagnetic spectrum

Electromagnetic Spectrum


Latitude and longitude

Latitude and longitude

  • North Pole: 90 degrees N

  • Degrees are divided into 60 minutes

  • Longitude lines converge at the poles.


Contour interval

Contour interval

  • Contour Intervals are the difference between elevation of two side-by-side contour lines.

  • What is the Contour Interval here?


Unit 1 test

GPS

  • Position

  • Elevation

  • Direction


Branches of earth science

Branches of Earth science

  • There are lots of different scientific disciplines that fall under the heading of EARTH SCIENCE. Look at these and think about what they study and what branch of EARTH SCIENCE they fall under:

  • Climatology

  • Hydrology

  • Paleo-anything…Paleotology, Paleoecology

  • Ecology

  • Geochemistry


Time zones

Time zones

  • 24 Time Zones

  • 15 degrees for each one

  • 1 hour = 15 degrees


Branches of earth science again

Branches of Earth science again

  • Match the branch name with the description on your study guide:

  • Astronomy

  • Oceanography

  • Meteorology

  • Geology


Latitude and longitude1

Latitude and longitude

  • International Date Line (IDL): 180 degrees longitude

  • When you travel across the IDL, the day changes. East , go back a day. West go forward a day.


Scientific thinking review

Scientific thinking review

  • Match these with the statements on your study guide:

  • Scientific Law

  • Scientific Theory

  • Scientific Model


Types of maps

Types of maps

  • Mercator – parallel lines of longitude & latitude; exaggerates the size of landmasses near the poles but has correct shape.

  • Conic – used for road & weather maps; lines and points on a cone; very little distortion along latitude.

  • Gnomonic – from a globe at one single point; distorts distance and direction; used for plotting great circle routes.


Parts of an experiment

  • Control

  • Hypothesis

  • Independent Variable

  • Dependent Variable

  • Constant

Parts of an experiment

  • Explanation for something observed.

  • Manipulated or changed by scientist.

  • Changes if other things are changed.

  • Does not change during experiment.

  • The standard of comparison for an experiment.


Measurement

measurement

  • Units are very important when measuring. Each mode of measuring has an official unit. Can you remember which goes with which?

  • Aream

  • Densitykm

  • Lengthcm2

  • MassK

  • Temperature (besides Celsius)g/mL


Unit 1 test

Maps

  • Cartography

  • Equator

  • 0-90 degrees

  • 0-180 degrees

  • Prime Meridian


Unit 1 test

GPS

  • Handheld receiver that helps people determine their exact position on Earth


Topex poseidon

Topex / Poseidon

  • Uses radar to map features of the ocean floor


Landsat

Landsat

  • Satellite that records surface features as different colors.


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