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The Cabinet. The Cabinet is a collection of the president’s top advisors Members of the Cabinet serve at the will of the president and may be removed from office at any point

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The Cabinet

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The Cabinet

The Cabinet is a collection of the president’s top advisors

Members of the Cabinet serve at the will of the president and may be removed from office at any point

The president appoints each member individually and they must be accepted by Congress in order to serve, much like Supreme Court Justices

Department of State (1789)

  • Responsible for foreign relations

  • Operates the diplomatic missions of the United States

  • First executive department

  • Secretary of State: Hillary Clinton

Department of the Treasury (1789)

  • Responsible for managing the government revenue, pays US debt, and supervises national banks

  • First Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton placed on the $10 bill

  • Secretary of the Treasury: Timothy Geithner

Department of the Interior (1849)

  • Responsible for managing and conserving federal land and natural resources

  • Also handles matters between the government and Native Americans, Alaska natives, and Native Hawaiians

  • Secretary of the Interior: Ken Salazar

Department of Agriculture (1862)

  • Responsible for enforcing executive action and policy on farming, agriculture, and food

  • Meets the needs of farmers and ranchers

  • Promotes agricultural trade and food safety

  • Secretary of Agriculture: Tom Vilsack

Department of Justice (1870)

  • Responsible for the enforcement of the law, administers justice based on the law

  • Represents the executive branch in court cases involving the national government

  • Attorney general: Eric Holder

Department of Commerce (1903)

  • Responsible for facilitating the promotion of economic growth

  • Mission is “…to promote job creating and improved living standards for all Americans…”

  • Secretary of Commerce: John Bryson

Department of Labor (1913)

  • Responsible for job safety, minimum wage legislation, unemployment statistics and re-employment services

  • Oversees several different labor-related programs such as unemployment and welfare (BLS)

  • Secretary of Labor: Hilda Solis

Department of Veterans Affairs (1930)

  • Established as a government-funded military veteran benefit system

  • Pension, education benefits, insurance, rehabilitation, and survivor benefits

  • Secretary of DoVA: Eric Shinseki

Department of Defense (1949)

  • Coordinates and supervise all agencies relating to national security and the US armed forces

  • Brings together the CIA, NSA, USAF, US Army, Joint Chiefs, etc.

  • Secretary of Defense: Leon Panetta

Department of Health and Human Services (1953)

  • Motto: “Improving health, safety, and well-being of America”

  • Oversees programs involving child and family services, the FDA, and the CDC

  • Secretary of HaHS: Kathleen Sebelius

Department of Housing and Urban Development (1965)

  • Originally the House and Home Financing Agency

  • Deals primarily with enhancing urban areas and re-developing urban housing

  • Secretary of HUD: Shaun Donovan

Department of Transportation (1967)

  • Mission “Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people…”

  • Rail projects, airport subsidies, highway

  • Secretary of Transportation: Ray LaHood

Department of Energy (1977)

  • Responsible for nuclear energy legislation, nuclear weapons programs, and energy conservation

  • Applied nuclear research

  • Secretary of Energy: Steven Chu

Department of Education (1979)

  • Responsible for assisting American educational services

  • Collects data on US schools and enforces educational laws passed down by the national government

  • Secretary of Education: Arne Duncan

Department of Homeland Security (2002)

  • Created directly as a response to the September 11th attacks

  • Responsible for protecting the US from terrorist attacks and natural disasters

  • Combined 22 government organizations into one agency

  • Secretary: Janet Napolitano

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