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ACTIVITY. Ana Howard. Anxiety (Personal Connection). How do you define anxiety?. Merriam Webster: “ Anxiety is a state of intense apprehension, agitation, tension, and dread arising from a real or perceived threat of imminent danger.” Key phrase: “real or perceived threat of imminent danger”.

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Ana Howard

Anxiety(Personal Connection)

How do you define anxiety?

Merriam Webster: “Anxiety is a state of intense apprehension, agitation, tension, and dread arising from a real or perceived threat of imminent danger.”

Key phrase: “real or perceived threat of imminent danger”

Tell-tale signs- Physical(Track meet)

Difficulty getting breath or over-breathing

Racing heart

“Jelly legs”

Excessive sweating

Smothering sensation


Out of body sensation

Feeling that surroundings are unreal

Difficulty falling asleep


Hot flashes


(Mayer, 3;28)


Tell-tale signs- Physical

Tell-tale signs- Emotional

Difficulty concentrating

Difficulty opening up

Feeling out of control


Extreme self-consciousness

Intense fear

Fear of going insane

Feeling trapped


Strain on relationships

Extreme dependence

(Mayer, 15)

Tell-tale signs- Emotional

Back to Introduction

How did you feel?

Did you feel any of these symptoms?

Have you felt any of these before?

If that’s not enough….

READ POSTER ON BOARD (note to self- make the poster that says this scenario)

Back to Introduction

Now this may not be exactly how so and so felt while doing this, because Marge has an anxiety disorder. Marge’s symptoms may be much more intense, but should be similar

Difference between anxiety and an anxiety disorder


Anxiety Disorder




Out of nowhere

Huge impact


Anxiety- Anatomy

Brain/Nervous System






Anxiety- Anatomy

Sympathetic Nervous System


(Sheehan, 85-86)

Anxiety- Anatomy

Limbic System


Cingulate gyrus

Ventral tegmental

Basal ganglia

(Sheehan, 133-135)



Anxiety Disorders- Characteristics

Social Phobia

Fear of embarrassing self

Fear of judgment

Hypersensitive to criticism

(Sheehan, 135)

Social Phobia


Time: Start to :26 seconds

Anxiety Disorders- Characteristics


Reliving traumatic event



(Mayer, 78-79)


Video- This Emotional Life

Anxiety Disorders- Characteristics




(Mayer, 75-77)


The OCD Project Video

Time: Start at 1:50

Anxiety Disorders- Characteristics


Excessive worry


(Mayer, 99-102)



Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy


Pre-frontal cortex


(Mayer, 55-57)

Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy




(Mayer, 78-79)

Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy


Lateral OFC (Orbitofrontal Cortex)

(Mayer, 75-77)

Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy


Basolateral amygdala

Centromedial amygdala

(Mayer, 99-102)

Parenting- Styles

Permissive/ Indulgent- Characteristics

Excessively lenient

Avoidance of confrontation

Child regulates himself/herself

Emotional Warmth


Parenting- Styles

Permissive/Indulgent- Implications


Lack of respect

Disregard for “unnecessary” tasks

High self-esteem

Better social skills



Authoritarian- Characteristics

Obedience oriented

Well structured home environment

Children must obey (no explanation needed)

Possible withdrawal of affection



Authoritarian- Implications

Poor social skills

Low self-esteem

Higher levels of depression



Authoritative- Characteristics

Clear standards in home environment

Assertive, not restrictive

Supportive discipline

Desire for social responsibility

Start to :55 seconds



Authoritative- Implications

Socially competent


Better emotional health overall




Low responsiveness: Parents----> Children

Rejection/Neglect of child

LOW demand from parents

Little to no moral support


Parenting Styles

Uninvolved- Implications

Low performance in all aspects


ACTIVITY (discussion)

Stigma- History

Stigma surrounding mental illness

Middle ages- exorcisms

Early America- burned

1920s- 1960s- torture, lobotomy, etc.


Stigma- Beliefs

“Suck it up”

70% (Sharma)

Attention hogs



Stigma- Facts

Leading cause of burden in U.S.


More than all cancers combined

273 billion

55.4 billion


Stigma- Anxiety

Anxiety IS a mental disorder

80% - “Anxiety can be controlled if you are strong enough”

80-90%- treatment

33%- treatment


Stigma- Scenario

Have a poster with the two contrasting scenarios of girl with anxiety and then girl with a cough and fever

Service Learning- What?

Joined an anxiety support group for teen girls

Stigma- Service Learning

Didn’t comprehend the stigma fully

Girls struggled

Can’t comprehend

Service Learning- How?

Up close and personal

Understood the consequences

Heard stories

Service Learning- Why?


Coping techniques

Not alone

Can’t blame myself

Meant a lot

Helped others

Helped me


Why is this relevant?



(Breathing activity, mindfulness activity)


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