Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory
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Pedigrees of 2-49, Puseas, EGA Wylie and EGA Gregory. Appendix 2A: Pedigrees. Details of the pedigree were found in (Macindoe & Walkden Brown, 1968) and http://genbank.vurv.cz/wheat/pedigree/ . Lines similar between Wylie and Gregory are only detailed in the Wylie pedigree. LV = local variety.

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Pedigrees of 2-49, Puseas, EGA Wylie and EGA Gregory

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Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory

Pedigrees of 2-49, Puseas, EGA Wylie and EGA Gregory

Appendix 2A: Pedigrees

  • Details of the pedigree were found in (Macindoe & Walkden Brown, 1968) and http://genbank.vurv.cz/wheat/pedigree/.

  • Lines similar between Wylie and Gregory are only detailed in the Wylie pedigree.

  • LV = local variety


Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory

2-49

Ward’s Prolific

Selected from South African variety Du Toit for moderate rust resistance. Most important for the improvement of lines evolved from it.

Du Toit

Old South African variety introduced in 1881. Distributed to South Australian farmers. Good drought resistance.

Gluyas Early

Selected from Ward’s Prolific, for drought resistance. One of the most important wheats in Australia.

White Naples x

Farrer intro’d seed in 1890 of White Naples. Originally from Naples district in Italy, was known as Carosella. Important because of its bunt resistance.

(Fife x White Naples)

Florence

Made by Farrer in 1901. Flag smut res, stem rust mod res, mod res to bunt (from White Naples). Intro’d to Tunis for commercial growth.

Fife x

The name of Fife is associated with David Fife, an Ontario farmer, who in 1842 intro’d in Canada a small sample of wheat from a friend in Glasgow. The friend had obtained the sample from a shipload of wheat from Danzig, but it was probably of Galician origin. This sample proved to be a winter wheat, but a plant of spring habit was noticed, and the seed increased as Fife wheat. Red Fife had laid the foundation of the excellent baking qualities of Canadian wheat.

Eden

Made by Farrer in 1890’s

Red Fife

Improved Fife

Improved Fife x

Hornblende

Red Fife

Saskatchewan Fife

Introduced from the USA, possibly Pennsylvania. Selection from Red Fife.

Red Fife

2-49

Improved Fife x

Hussar

Made by Farrer in 1890’s

Red Fife

Hornblende

Lawrence

Made by R.Soutter at Kincora in 1932. Stem rust res, except to Hope attacking strains. Flag smut res.

Fife x

Hornblende x

Blount’s Lambrigg

A crossbred produced in 1880’s by AE Blount, Colorado and intro’d to NSW by Farrer. Mod res to stem rust and for this reason was grown in all parts of the colony in the clase of last century (1800’s). Syn. Gypsum, Colorado Special

College (an unlabelled sample, almost certainly Hope) Confusing statement.

College made by Farrer in 1890’s.

Indian G

Crepi

A late maturing, old French vulgare wheat with red grain used by Farrer in breeding. LV, Ile de France, Champagne.

Gala

Made by D.Rosser in 1946 in Brisbane. Selected at Hermitage Research Station, Warwick. Issued in 1960. Flag smut, leaf rust sus. Stem rust res, but sus to Hope-resistance attacking stem rusts.

Bobin x

Gaza

An early maturing, rust resistant durum wheat intro’d from Palestine. Used by WL Waterhouse as a source of leaf and stem rust resistance in the breeding of Gabo.

Sicilian Squarehead

A French variety with red hard grain. It had the reputation of yielding moderately strong flour and was somewhat resistant to stem rust. Syn. Blé Carré.

Gabo

Blount’s Lambrigg and Fife x

Sinew

Farrer cross

LV - Palestine

Hornblende

Thew

Made by Farrer ~1890. Leaf rust res, Stem rust mod res, flag smut sus.

Fife x

Hussar.

Bobin

Made by JT Pridham ~ 1925. Sus to flag smut and stem rust. Good drought res.

?

Black Sea

Possible winter wheat from Kansas (1849) or a LV from Odessa

LV – Odessa, Ukraine

A city of southern Ukraine on Odessa Bay, an arm of the Black Sea. Said to occupy the site of an ancient Greek colony that disappeared between the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D.

Champlain‘s Hybrid

Produced by CG Pringle, Vermont, USA in 1870. Intro’d to NSW in 1880’s and tried because of its relative rust-resistance. Not grown to an appreciable extent.

Steinwedel

Selection found in a field of (→) Champlain’s Hybrid in the dry year 1884 by German farmer Steinwedel

at Dalkey (SA); the selection stood out by several feet

(Thompson 1899); the variety became popular because of its relative drought resistance; and because of early ripening the variety was rust escaping; reported as grown in 1889

in Queensland.

Golden Drop

Old variety grown extensively

in South Australia in 1840 to 1860.

LV, Scotland


Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory

Puseas

?

Mundia

LV/landrace

LV- Pusa, Bihar, India

Pusa 4

Intro’d to NSW from Imperial Economic Botanist, Pusa, India. Origin unknown, believed to be a natural crossbred involving Aus. variety Federation.

Leading variety in Qld in 1930. Also grown in NSW & WA.

Stem rust sus.

R. Soutter ~1939 Roma

Puseas

Leading var. in Qld in 1948

Stem rust sus.

Improved Fife

White grained selection from Red Fife made in Colorado, USA. Intro’d to NSW by Farrer, used to produce best known Aus. White grained wheats eg Comeback & Florence

Red Fife

Red Fife (see Fife in 2-49 ped)

Improved Fife

Comeback

Hornblende

Produced in Colorado, USA. Intro’d to NSW by Farrer.

SR sus, Flag smut Res.

Red Fife (see Fife in 2-49 ped)

Saskatchewan Fife

Vanessa x Indian G

Vanessa is a Farrer crossbred

Three Seas

Syn. CCC, Seafoam

Once the leading variety in Qld before Puora replaced it

?

(Triticum compactum)

Indian A

Comeback x

Cretan

Local Durum variety from Southern Europe.

SR res

Cretan


Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory

EGA (Enterprise Grains Australia) Wylie

AS Yaqui 48

Yaqui50//

Norin10/

Brevor/3/

Lerma52/4/

2xLerma Rojo, Mexico

Newthatch/

Marroqui588

Hope/

Thatcher//2xThatcher, USA

Vernal Emmer(?)-DM/

Marquis, USA

?, USA

Hard Red Calcutta x

Red Fife, Can

Intro’d to Canada from India

Sel. From Marroqui, Mex

? LV from Morroco

Lerma Rojo 64/

Sonora 64, Mexico

Marquis/

Iumillo-DR//

Marquis/

Kanred, USA

BP (breeding parent) in USA, from Mediterranean

? From either

Utah Kanred,

Krumka

or Crimean

QT2327x

Cook//

QT2804

?, USA

Kenya 324/

Urquiza//

Gabo/3/

Gamenya, Aus

USSR

Inia66 x

Gamut

?, Kenya

General Urquiza

38M.A./

Klein San Martin, Arg.

Americano25E/ Pelon33C (syn Klein Favorito), Arg

Intro’d from USA into Uru.

Kenya117A/

2xGabo//

Mentana/

6xGabo, Aus ~1946

Marquis/ Aguilera 8, Ken

Sel. De Trigo Mutico (beardless wheat), Arg or LV from Uru.

Sel. From Aguilera

LV, Mexico

See Gregory pedigree

Yaqui50/

Kentana48

Chapingo53//

Yaqui50/

Kentana48/3/

Andes/4/

Gabo56

Unclear, either Steinwedel/T.timopheevi or Steinwedel/durum (maybe Gaza)or same as for Gabo

AS Gabo55

Timstein/ Kenya58//Gabo, Mex

LV from ZAF. ZAF = South Africa.

Red Egyptian/ Kenya BF3B1OV1, Ken

Sel. from Barleta, Arg

EGA Wylie

Syn. QT10198

Bred by Dr. Phillip Banks in Qld. SR & LR res. CR res.

Sister line to Baxter (selected from Baxter)

Tezanos Pintos Precoz/

Sonora64/3/

Lerma Rojo64/

Tezanos Pintos Precoz//

Andes-Enano

Frontana// Thatcher/ Sinvalocho

Barleta7D/ Americano44D, Arg

Barleta LV from Arg, maybe intro’d from Spain

Sin Rival/

38MA

Intro’d from USA into Uru

Barleta/

Chino

Yaktana54//Norin10/Brevor/3/3*Andes

Chinese Spring

LV from west Szechuan, China

Yandilla/

Silver King

Improved Fife/Etawah (an Indian wheat), Aus.

See 2-49 pedigree

Sel. From Ward’s Prolific in 1890’s

Du Tiot, South Africa

Gaza/2x Bobin//

Button/

Kenya73D2I1C, Ken

Kenya

Kenya

Kenya Standard/ KenyaB256

Kenya U/ Kenya9M1A3

Both from Kenya

A late wheat of unknown history, prob, farmer’s selection of New England Champion

Late wheat of unknown origin 1910, Aus.

Baxter pedigree

Baxter was bred by officers of the Leslie Research Centre

(QDPI&F). Pedigree: Baxter is a complex cross of wheats

including Cook, Timgalen, Gamut and Mexican lines. Said to be CR res.

A club wheat/ Yandilla King, Aus, 1909.

LV Durum from Palestine

Ranee/

Doubbi//

Ranee

See 2-49 pedigree

Gallipoli/3/

Currawa//

India4E/

Federation, Aus. 1916

Northern Champion/

Cretan//

Little Club Co, Aus. 1912

Syn Big Club Co from ?Chile

Durum from Europe

Ghurka/ Ranee, Aus. 1946

Syn. Californian Club & Australian Club, Chili, Clubhead, Surprise, from USA in 1870’s. A

Co = T. compactum

?

Chile Club Co/

Michigan Club Co, USA

?, USA

Gabo/ 4x Insignia, Aus

1951 rel. Most pop across Aus.

II-12300//

Lerma Rojo64/

8156/3/

Norteno67, Mex

Calidad/

Robin, Mex

IndianF/ Federation, Aus. 1912

Kenya Farmer/

4x Heron, Aus

Heron made in 1959, pop in Aus

R.D.R./

Insignia 49, Aus

Lerma Rojo64/

Sonora64, Mex

KenyaC9906/

Mentana, Mex

Kenya324

? Kenya

Polysu/

Alfredo Chaves6, Bra

Red Russian syn Converse (USA), Russian Red (syn Galgalos, from Transcaucasia, USSR), Turkey

Yaqui48/

Kentana48//

Frontana, Mex

Sel. from LV, Guapore, Bra

Jupateco/3/

Lerma Rojo64/

Sonora 64A x

Timgalen sib

Yaktana54//

Norin10/

Brevor

/3/2xLerma Rojo 54

(no 54 found, assumed to be typo of 64)

Sel. from LV, Bra

AS Sonora 64, Mex

Taken to mean from Sonora64

Sonora 64

Fronteira/

Mentana, Bra

Rieti/

Wilhelmina//

Akagomughi, Ita

LV from Rieti region, Ita

Spijk/

Squarehead, Nld

Squarehead/

Zeeuwse Witte, Nld

Syn Red Russian and/or Fultzo-Mediterranean (prob Red Russian from USSR)

LV from Jpn

LV from Nld/Bel

?Fultz/Mediterranean, USA

LV, Guma, Jpn

Daruma/

Fultz//

Turkey Red, Jpn

Sel. From Lancaster, USA

Sel. From Mediterranean, USA

? from Mediterranean region, USA

= Turkey

Brevon

//Oro//

Fortyfold (syn.Goldcoin)

/Federation

/3/Oro//

Turkey

/Florence

, USA.

Turkey/Florence//Fortyfold/Federation, USA

Sel. from Turkey, USA

Sel. ?Redchaff or ?Redchaff Bald, USA

Old-genesee-red-chaff (Nord-Amerika)

?, GBR

Purple Straw (found in Improved Fife)/

Yandilla

?=Red Straw, Aus

Improved Fife/Etawah (an Indian wheat)

Sel. from Crimean, USA

Sel. From Krymka,

which is a LV from Crimean area, USSR.

As above

Federation: Named in 1901, by 1910 most popular in Aus. Made by Farrer.


Pedigrees of 2 49 puseas ega wylie and ega gregory

EGA (Enterprise Grains Australia) Gregory

Yaktana54// Norin10/

Brevor

(Sel. 261C)

Barleta7D/

Americano44D

38 MA/

Klein Acero, Arg

Klein Vencedor/

Ardito, Arg

Pitic62/

Chris sib//

Sonora64, Mex

Ibrido21/

Akakomugi, Ita

Wilhelmina/

Rieti, Ita

Frontana/

3xThatcher/

3/Kenya58/

Newthatch//

2xThatcher, USA

Hope/

Thatcher//

2xThatcher, USA

Klein-H-417-A-3/

Klein-33-AG//

Sinvalocho MA/

Klein-H-33-AG

LV, Fukui, Jpn

Ardito/

Klein Vencedor, Arg

Ciano67(sib)//

Sonora64/

Klein Rendidor/3/

8156b

Ciano67/

Bluebird//

Cardinal,Mex

/4/Siete Cerros66/3/

Lerma Rojo64/

Inia66//

Inia66/

Bluebird

Brochis

? Pemjamo62/

Gabo55

Zaragoza75/

(sib)Jaral66//

II-8156-B

Mengavi/

8156

Eureka,AUS/

CI12632//

2*GABO/3/

Mentana/

6*Gabo

2*Batavia Doubled haploid line.

Syn. QT4097. Very sus. to CR.

Thatcher/

Agropyron-translocation//

4*Heron

Pwth/

(Sib)Condor//

2*Condor

Banks

EGA Gregory

Syn. QT10776

Bred by Dr. Phillip Banks in Qld. SR & LR res. CR mod sus

Potam70

Res to RLN

Inia-66(Sib)/

Napo-63

Pelsart

Syn. QT4639

Aguilera x Kenya x Marroqui x Supremo x

Gabo xWinglen

4*Cook

Timgalen

/Condor sib x

Condor

Penjamo 62/4*Gabo 56/2/TZPP/Nainati 60/4/2*Lerma Rojo/2/Norin 10/Brevor 14/3/3* Andes


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