Social Security. By Dr. Rakesh Kumar Moderator- Dr. Sanam Anwar. Framework. Background & History Definition Promotional Vs protective social security Approaches to social security Social security for workers Social security for organized sector
By Dr. Rakesh Kumar
Moderator- Dr. Sanam Anwar
under extreme conditions of poverty and
1883 -1889- First broad system of social insurance
established by German Chancellor Bismarck
1919- International LabourOrganisation (ILO) established
1923 -Workmen's compensation act
1935- Social Security Act introduced in USA
1942- Social security programme implemented in the UK, based on Beveridge
Report (two- tier system of social security)
1948 - Employees' state insurance act
1952 - Employees' provident funds, with amendments
1964- Department of Social Security created in India under ministry of labour
1972- Payment of gratuity
1976-Employees' deposit-linked insurance
1995- Employees' pension scheme
1995-National social assistance program
2007-National Social Security Bill under
i.e, It is a comprehensive approach designed to prevent deprivation, assure the individual of a basic minimum income for himself and his dependents and to protect the individual from any uncertainties
Who needs social security?
Others special goups
Schedule Caste & Tribes
Women & Children
Formal sector worker
education and heath securities
Indira Gandhi AwasYozana, Employment guarantee
1. Article 41- Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases like unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.
2. Article 42- Provision for just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief
The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (ESI Act)
The Employees’ Provident Funds & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (EPF & MP Act)
The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 (WC Act),
The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (M.B. Act),
The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 (P.G. Act)
has recommended provision of a statutory package
of National Minimum Social Security to all unorganized
contributions plus interest.
equal to 15 days of wages for each year of continuous
service (a reduced amount is paid for part years in excess of 6 months).
Permanent Disability Benefits
wages for each season worked.
employer contributions plus interest.
deceased’s provident fund account during the 12 months before death
(min Rs 250 per month).
each year of continuous service
(merged into “JananiSurakshaYojana” in 2005 under NRHM)
according to the assessed loss of earning
Social security coverage in India
administered through a smart card obviating the need
for out of pocket expenses
social exclusion to participate in the economic and
political processes of society through self-employment
i) Existance of universal social security system
ii)Most of the workforce is in the organized sector hence a
system of pay roll deduction is applied.
iv)Main approach for social security is social insurance