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C limate C hang A daptation T echnology. NSC project for integrated research on Ho-Ching Lee. International relations and law Environmental governance Environmental security Climate change negotiations IHDP – institutional dimensions COMPON – policy networks Climate change adaptation.

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ClimateChangAdaptationTechnology

NSC project for integrated research on

Ho-Ching Lee


International relations and law

Environmental governance

Environmental security

Climate change negotiations

IHDP – institutional dimensions

COMPON – policy networks

Climate change adaptation


OutlineTaiwan . Conceptual FrameworkSystems. Sectors . Regions . CasesDiscussion




Background
Background

Adaptation in urgent need:Taiwan is densely populated and at high risk for natural hazards to which climate change has a direct effect.

6


Background1
Background

4 building blocks:

Mitigation

Adaptation

Finance

technology

7


Background2
Background

Adaptation:

Engineering and non-engineering approaches

Policy mainstreaming

Social learning

IPCC AR 4 and local knowledge

Necessary, unavoidable, happening and on-going process

8


Background3
Background

Climate-sensitive island country: about 73% of Taiwan’s land and population is exposed to more than three natural hazards (EPA, 2009).

9


Background4
Background

Adaptation in dynamic process: the relationship between climate and society has always been dynamic (Hulme, 2009).

10


Potential landslide area

Shiao Lin village, Taiwan, drastic changes after typhoon Morakot (2009).

2009

11


Potential flood area

Lu-Shan hot spring, typhoon Morakot (2009).

12


Earthquake distribution in Taiwan

13

Taichung, 921 Jiji earthquake in 1999.



Climate changeVulnerabilityAdaptation

DriverStateResponse


DriverStateResponse

Environmental system Analysis

Vulnerability Assessment

Adaptation technology Planning


C

V

A

D

S

R

(exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity)


EA

AP

communication

VA

D

S

R

(exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity)



EA

AP

communication

VA

D

S

R

data

EA

knowledge


EA

AP

communication

VA

knowledge

D

S

R

data

info

VA

knowledge


EA

AP

communication

VA

knowledge

D

S

R

info

AP

knowledge



TCCIP

  • Projecting the future

  • Monitoring the past & present

D

EA


  • Water resource

  • Public health

  • Ecosystem service

  • Food security

  • Environmental disaster

S

VA


R

AP



Coastal, Urban, Rural, river-Basin, Offshore, Mountainous(CURBOM) regions

knowledge

knowledge

D

S

S

R

data

info

VA

EA

AP


Urban region

Taipei city region with spatial composition Uu+Ur+Um+Ub+Uc is likely to face the extreme heat island effect by the increase of temperture due to climate change

Mountainous region

Central mountain region with spatial composition Mm+Mr+Mb is likely to face extreme landslide by the extreme rainfall due to climate change

Rural region

Rural region Chia-Yi with spatial composition Rr+Ru+Rm+Rb+Rc is likely to face the extreme drought by the increase of temperture due to climate change

Coastal region

Yun-Lin region with spatial composition Cc+Cu+Cr+Cb is likely to face the extreme flood by the extreme rainfall due to climate change

Offshore region

Lan-Yu region with spatial composition Oo+Or+Om+Oc is likely to face the extreme heat affecting human and natural systems by the increase of temperature due to climate change

river-Basin region

Kau-Pin region with spatial composition Bb+Bu+Br+Bm+Bc is likely to face the extreme flood by the extreme rainfall due to climate change





M-region

34


U-region

35


R-region

36


C-region

37




United Kingdom

Germany

Netherlands

Austria

Japan

USA

Vietnam

Indonesia

Australia

Taiwan

EA

database

VA

model

AP

prototype

Practices,

Findings

AP

regional study

VA

regional study

EA

regional study

Theories,

Tools



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