Industrialization and Reform The Question- Is it the government’s job to regulate on business in the interest of the workers?. Responses: Capitalism- private ownership of business Laissez-faire- no government intervention in business, allowing industry and the market set working conditions
Unions- an organization that speaks for all the workers in a particular trade or company.
Laws in Britain-
1833 passed the Factory Act placing age and time limits on child labor.
1842Mines Act- women and children not allowed to work in the mines
1800’s only about 6% of British people could vote for representatives in parliament.
1832Passed a bill reduces property requirement to vote allowing many middle class business men the right to vote, redistributed voting districts to better represent big cities (chartist movement)
1800swomen organize, protest, some militant, hunger strikes, imprisoned
1918Women could not vote until after WWI
Victorian Era-1837- 1901 Queen Victoria reigns for 64 yrs
Parliamentary system of govt-
- continued unstable government, fighting in the streets, bloodshed.
- 3rd republic was formed and lasted for 60 years. - Fierce competition between political parties, government control changed on average every 10 months.