Sophocles
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Sophocles. Oedipus Cycle. Sophocles 496-405 BCE. The most successful dramatist to present plays at the theater of Dionyseus in Athens. Also a scholar, statesman, and general. Sophocles. Added the third actor to the stage. Before this there were never more than two people on stage.

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Sophocles

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Sophocles

Sophocles

Oedipus Cycle


Sophocles 496 405 bce

Sophocles 496-405 BCE

  • The most successful dramatist to present plays at the theater of Dionyseus in Athens.

  • Also a scholar, statesman, and general


Sophocles1

Sophocles

  • Added the third actor to the stage. Before this there were never more than two people on stage.

  • Won the 1st prize in competition 18 times (more than anyone)


Sophocles2

Sophocles

  • Of the 123 plays he wrote only 7 remain in their complete form.

  • His best known plays are the Oedipus Cycle: Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone.


Philosophies to consider

Philosophies to Consider

  • Salvation comes through suffering which purges one from sin.

  • Wisdom is achieved through pain.


Philosophies

Philosophies

  • Suffering is universal. Sadness and tragedy are inherent in living.

  • Death is the worst thing that can happen and some deaths are more honorable than others.


Oedipus rex the king

Oedipus Rex (the king)

  • This play is the end of a long story that everyone already knew.

  • Background:

    • Laius, King of Thebes, receives a prediction that his son will kill him.


Oedipus contd

Oedipus contd.

  • Laius and his wife, Jacosta, leave their infant son with a servant to kill.

  • The baby is bound—a spike is put through his ankles and he is left on a mountain side to die.

  • The servant could not complete the task.


Oedipus contd1

Oedipus contd.

  • The servant takes the child and gives it to another man who gives the child the king and queen of Corinth.

  • Adopted parents name him Oedipus--meaning swollen foot.


Oedipus

Oedipus

  • Oedipus grows up happy and visits an oracle. The oracle tells him that he is destined to marry his mother and kill his father.

  • Fearing this fate Oedipus leaves Cornith.


Oedipus1

Oedipus

  • Outside the city of Thebes, Oedipus gets into a fight and kills several men. One man is left alive.

  • Oedipus travels into the city of Thebes where there is a monster, a Sphinx, who kills all who can not answer her riddle.


Oedipus2

Oedipus

  • The Riddle: What walks on 4 legs in the morning, two in the afternoon, and three at night?

  • Oedipus gives the correct answer: Man. 4 legs as a baby, 2 as an adult, 3 (cane) in old age.


Oedipus3

Oedipus

  • Oedipus learns that the king of Thebes (Laius) has been killed and no one has found his murder.

  • His prize for defeating the Sphinx: marriage to the widowed queen, Jacosta.


Oedipus4

Oedipus

  • Jacosta and Oedipus have a happy marriage and 4 children.

  • The play begins when Thebes is undergoing a plague. Crops will not grow, women die in childbirth, and people are dying rapidly.


Oedipus5

Oedipus

  • Of course, the audience already knows that Oedipus has lived his fate.

  • He has in fact married his mother, his birth mother Jacosta. This is the dramatic irony. The characters are not aware of what has happened.


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