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A Guide to Greek Mythology. By: Adem , Selena and Tanner. There are lots of Greek myths, gods, and legends. Too many to count, and certainly too many to put on a single PowerPoint. Therefore we have picked few of the most interesting characters and stories for your entertainment. .

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Presentation Transcript
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A Guide to Greek Mythology

By: Adem, Selena and Tanner

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There are lots of Greek myths, gods, and legends. Too many to count, and certainly too many to put on a single PowerPoint. Therefore we have picked few of the most interesting characters and stories for your entertainment.

This PowerPoint will contain the following characters:

-Athena

-Perseus

-Theseus and the minotaur

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Athena

Symbols:

Owl

Olive tree

Snakes

Armor, helmets, spears

  • goddess of war wisdom
  • Wears:
  • Acrown with a crested helmet
  • Ashield and spear
  • Asnaked trim aigis cloak

Parents:

Zeus and Metis

Some Siblings:

Artemis

Apollo

Aphrodite

Hermes

Hephaestus

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The Birth of Athena

- Athena is the daughter of Zeus & Metis

- Metis told Zeus she was pregnant, and because of a prophecy, he turned her into a fly and swallowed her whole

- One day, Zeus complained

about a headache

-Hephaestus split open his head, and Athena jumped out, wearing full battle armor

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Stories of Athena

  • One day Athena caught Poseidon and Medusa fooling around in her temple.
  • Furious, she turned Medusa into a gorgon (and her sisters too, for no good reason)
  • Later she helped Perseus kill Medusa

Story of her and Poseidon:

-Cecrops was looking for a deity patron for his city

-Athena and Poseidon were both interested

- So they had a competition to see which deity could best win over the city and their king with the best present.

- Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and presented the city with a salt water spring

- Athena planted a seed into the ground that quickly grew into an olive tree

- Athena won, and the city was renamed Athens

Statue of Athena, in the Acropolis, Athens

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Biography of Perseus

  • Born in Argos
  • Mother Danae and father Zeus (demigod)
  • Grew up on isle of Seriphos
  • Events that led to his birth:
  • 1. Acrisus received a prophecy, that his grandchild would kill him
  • 2. Locked his daughter Danae in a tower
  • 3. Zeus entered the tower as a ray of golden sunshine
  • 4. Perseus was born
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-Acrisus, mad, threw the two into a boat and sent them out to sea.

-Perseus and Danae washed up on the isle of Seriphos.

-There he grew up.

Seriphos

This is where his most heroic quest began…

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Perseus and Medusa

During the wedding of king Polydectes, Perseus was challenged to get the head of medusa for a wedding gift when he arrived empty handed

Athena and Apollo gave him equipment to kill medusa:

-mirrored shield

-sickle

-winged sandals

-Three nymphs also gave him a wallet and the cap of invisibility

Medusa was one of three gorgons, with snakes for hair, bronze claws, and wings. One look of her and you turn to stone.

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When he returned, he found Polydectes abusing Danae. Perseus turned Polydectes to stone.

He kept the head of medusa for a while, then gave it to Athena.

  • Other adventures of Perseus:
  • Saving Andromeda after killing medusa, and later marrying her
  • Becoming king of Tiryns
  • Killing his grandfather Acrisus

When he died, the gods placed him in the skies, along with Andromeda. He did have many descendants to carry on his name; the most notable of these was Heracles.

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King Minos

-very rich, very powerful king of Crete

-had a beautiful daughter (Ariadne)

-occasionally launched attacks on Athens

The Bargain

Athens made a bargain with Minos: he would no longer attack Athens, in exchange, 14 young men and women would be sent to Crete every 9 years.

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Minos’s Minotaur

The children sent to Crete would be used as food for the minotaur, half-man, half-bull, who lived in the labyrinth.

Theseus, prince of Athens, didn’t want the children to die, and so volunteered to go with them, and kill the minotaur.

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How Theseus killed the minotaur:

When he arrived, Ariadne promised to help him, should he marry her later.

He got a sword and a ball of yarn

He entered the labyrinth

He killed the minotaur after a long struggle

He followed the yarn back out to the entrance

He escaped Crete with the other Athenians and Ariadne.

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-The gods answered her prayer

-Theseus’ father had believed that his son had died at Crete

-He jumped off the cliff at Athens and killed himself

-Theseus mourned for a long time

The voyage home:

-stopped at the isle of Naxos

-he left Ariadne on the island and sailed away

-Ariadne prayed for revenge on Theseus

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The end of

A Guide to Greek Mythology

By: Adem, Selena and Tanner

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