Planning for remodeling and renovation
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Chapter. 12. Planning for Remodeling and Renovation. Objectives. List the reasons that people remodel and the factors they should consider before beginning a remodeling project. Compare the four main types of remodeling according to cost, complexity, and time required.

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Planning for remodeling and renovation

Chapter

12

Planning for Remodeling and Renovation


Objectives

Objectives

  • List the reasons that people remodel and the factors they should consider before beginning a remodeling project.

  • Compare the four main types of remodeling according to cost, complexity, and time required.

  • Describe the different types and purposes of renovation.

  • Understand the role of the family, architect, interior designer, and contractor in a remodeling or renovation project.


Remodeling

Remodeling

  • Changes to an existing home fall into two categories:

    • Remodeling

    • Renovation

  • Remodeling is changing an existing space into a new form.


Remodeling1

Remodeling

  • Reasons people decide to remodel include:

    • Living patterns and needs of the family change

    • House systems may need improvement

    • Efficiency may need improvement

    • A desire to update styles and appliances

    • Entertaining may require more space

    • The need for more bedrooms


Remodeling2

Remodeling

  • Advantages

    • Less expensive than purchasing new home

    • Avoids hassles and expense of moving

    • Maintain ties to neighbors, schools, etc.

    • Remodeling offers choices to home buyers who cannot afford custom-built housing


Remodeling3

Remodeling

  • Considerations when remodeling:

    • Local ordinances may require building permits

    • Property taxes may increase

    • Cost, time, and effort affected by size and complexity of project


Remodeling4

Remodeling

  • Determine accurate cost estimate before starting project

  • Hiring professionals speeds work but increases cost

  • Work done by family members saves money but requires more time

  • Contract professionals for most difficult jobs to eliminate serious errors


Remodeling5

Remodeling

  • This remodeling project required professionals to do the work.


Types of remodeling

Types of Remodeling

  • Remodeling may be divided into four types:

    • Changing lived-in areas

    • Making unused space livable

    • Adding on

    • Buying to remodel


Changing lived in areas

Changing Lived-In Areas

  • Generally remodeled to update equipment, improve traffic patterns, or give a room a new appearance

  • Kitchens are most commonly changed

  • Does not normally require major changes


Kitchens

Kitchens

  • Reasons for updating include:

    • Update or add appliances

    • Improve use of space, traffic patterns, storage, work triangle efficiency

  • Rewiring may be needed if major appliances are moved

  • Plumbing lines may need to be moved if sink is moved or ice maker added

  • New ventilation needed if range is moved


Bathrooms

Bathrooms

  • Remodeled to update old fixtures

  • Can be costly if plumbing lines need to be moved

  • Other improvements made in bathrooms:

    • Moving a wall to enlarge space

    • Adding a skylight or ventilation

    • Installing new floor and wall treatments


Other rooms

Other Rooms

  • Minor remodeling can change appearance dramatically

    • Floor, wall, ceiling treatments most often changed

    • Changes can be done by homeowner

  • Complicated changes should be done by someone with experience

    • Moving walls, adding windows


Making unused space livable

Making Unused Space Livable

  • Garages, porches, attics, unfinished basements

    • Making these spaces livable often less expensive than adding on to home


Garages and porches

Garages and Porches

  • Convenient location

  • Check foundations and R-value of insulation

    • A moisture barrier is needed under the floor

  • Additional wiring is usually needed

  • Heating and cooling system need to be added


Unfinished basements

Unfinished Basements

  • Often remodeled as family rooms, recreation areas, hobby areas, workshops

  • Bedrooms require sufficient lighting and an outside entrance

  • Add vapor barriers and dehumidifying system for comfort

  • A sump pump may be needed


Unfinished basements1

Unfinished Basements

  • Repair leaks before installing new materials

  • Increase lighting by adding window wells and windows, illuminated ceilings and recessed lighting

  • Add plumbing lines if bath or kitchen is added

  • Add outside exit if needed by code

  • Comply with all fire codes and laws


Attics

Attics

  • Attic space frequently remodeled into bedroom, hobby room, or conversation area

  • Ceiling joists must support appropriate live load

  • Headroom should be at least 7’

  • Windows, skylights, and dormers provide natural light

  • Add adequate ventilation, insulation


Adding on

Adding On

  • An addition should harmonize with existing parts of house

  • Building permits and inspections normally necessary

  • Local zoning laws can restrict types of additions allowed


Ground level additions

Ground-Level Additions

  • New area created from foundation to roof

  • Exterior appearance of house is altered

  • Can involve removal of existing exterior walls

    • Most exterior walls are bearing walls

    • Temporary supports required removing a bearing wall

  • Addition should blend well with architectural style of the existing home


Second story additions

Second-Story Additions

  • Done when space around house is insufficient for ground-level addition

  • More expensive and complex than ground-level additions

    • Roof must be removed

    • Foundation and walls must be examined for sufficient strength


Buying to remodel

Buying to Remodel

  • Reasons people buy to remodel:

    • New homes might be too expensive, so buyers instead purchase less-expensive homes and remodel them to suit their needs

    • Investors purchase houses in poor condition, improve them through remodeling, then sell them at a profit


Renovation

Renovation

  • Renovation is a major process

    • Requires much time, money, careful planning

    • Preliminary planning is very important

    • Building codes must be strictly followed

    • Many projects require contracted work

  • Renovation costs paid through mortgage or refinancing

  • Inspect home carefully before purchasing


Renovation1

Renovation

  • This old home is in very poor condition, but has a solid structure.

(Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)


Renovation2

Renovation

  • Renovation has made the home a nice place to live.

(Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)


Restoration

Restoration

  • Restoration returns a structure to the “look and feel” of its original state

    • Research is conducted to determine authentic materials, designs, and colors

  • Mechanical systems are updated


Restoration1

Restoration

  • A home before renovation.

(Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)


Restoration2

Restoration

  • After renovation, the home is more attractive.

(Norandex/Reynolds Building Products)


Preservation

Preservation

  • Preservation concentrates on saving and maintaining original structure and materials

  • Changes allowed on a limited basis

    • Electricity would not be installed in a home that did not originally have electricity


Adaptive reuse

Adaptive Reuse

  • Adaptive reuse changes the function of a building

    • Historic homes used as museums, private homes become shops or businesses, etc.

  • Unused buildings can become functional again


Adaptive reuse1

Adaptive Reuse

  • The old warehouses shown were converted into restaurants, shops, and condominiums.

(Photo Courtesy of James Hardie® Siding Products)


Planning for remodeling or renovation

Planning for Remodeling or Renovation

  • Plan carefully before any work begins:

    • Appraise original house

    • Determine changes that are needed

    • Draw plans


Analyzing and organizing the project

Analyzing and Organizing the Project

  • Determine weak and strong points of present home

  • Evaluate the house systems, windows, doors, etc.

  • Create rough sketch of original space

  • Prepare construction drawings


Hiring professionals

Hiring Professionals

  • Commonly hired professionals include:

    • Architects

    • Interior designers

    • Contractors


Architect

Architect

  • Analyze the current structure

  • Make suggestions to improve a remodeling plan

  • Check for compliance with local codes

  • Prepare drawings and specs for the proposed plan


Interior designer

Interior Designer

  • Often consulted during planning stages

  • Interprets needs and desires of a family into concrete plans

  • Select functional and tasteful materials

  • Evaluates floor plans

  • In restoration projects, researches original furnishings, suggests ways to imitate and incorporate them


Contractor

Contractor

  • Does the actual remodeling work

  • Obtains necessary permits

  • Schedules subcontractors

  • Usually charges one fee for materials and labor

  • Non-professional can also serve as contractor

    • Hire subcontractors, architects, or interior designers when necessary


Architecture

Architecture

Green

  • Restoration vs. preservation: which is better?

  • Both are “green” ideas

  • Which process is better will depend on the individual project

    • Analyze each project carefully

    • Determine the best option for each property


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