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PASSIVE. All schools teach math . (active) Math is taught in all schools. (passive) Somebody built this house in 1935. (active) This house was built in 1935. (passive). We use passive:. To talk about processes:

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PASSIVE

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PASSIVE

All schools teachmath. (active)

Mathis taught in all schools. (passive)

Somebodybuiltthis house in 1935. (active)

This housewas built in 1935. (passive)


We use passive:

  • To talk about processes:

    E.g. Flour is made from cereal grains such as wheat and rye. It is used to make bread and cakes.

  • In formal writing to sound impersonal:

    E.g. (from a newspaper report) The country has been affected by flooding; hundreds of people have been evacuated.

  • Usually we do not mention the agent (the person/thing that did the action) in a passive sentence because it is not important for the meaning of the sentence:

    E.g. The house was built in 1888. – we don’t say ‘by some builders’

  • We can mention the agent in a passive sentence with by + noun when the sentence would not make sense without it:

    E.g. Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.


Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using somebody, they or people, write a passive sentence.

  • Somebody cleans the room every day.

  • They cancelled all flights because of fog.

  • People don’t use this road much.

  • Somebody accused me of stealing money. (I ……)

  • How do people learn languages? (How……?)

  • Somebody warned us not to go out alone. (We…….)

  • Somebody has cleaned the room.

  • They have postponed the meeting.

  • Somebody is using the computer at the moment.

  • When we got to the stadium, we found that they had cancelled the game. (When we go to the stadium, we found that…)

  • They are building a new road round the city.

  • They have built a new hospital near the airport.

  • He should check the letters before they are sent out.

  • They will invite him.


HAVE SOMETHING DONE

We use HAVE SOMETHING DONE to say that we arrange for somebody else to do something for us. Compare:

Lisa repaired the roof. (= she repaired it herself)

Lisa had the roof repaired. (= she arranged for somebody else to repair it)


Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences. Use the structure have something done

  • We _______ (the house/paint) at the moment.

  • I lost my key. I’ll have to _______ (another key/make).

  • When was the last time you _______ (your hair/cut)?

  • _______ (you/a newspaper/deliver) to your house every day, or do you go out and buy one?

  • A: Can I see the photographs you took when you were on holiday?

    B: I’m afraid I _______ (not/the film/develop) yet.

  • This coat is dirty. I must ______ (it/clean).

  • A: I heard your computer wasn’t working.

    B: That’s right, but it’s OK now. I _______ (it/repair).


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