Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War

Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Manifest Destiny. Sense of mission or national destiny.Believed US had mission to extend boundaries of freedom to others by sharing idealism and democratic institutions

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Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War

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1. Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War Ms. Weston APUSH 10/30/06

2. Manifest Destiny Sense of mission or national destiny. Believed US had mission to extend boundaries of freedom to others by sharing idealism and democratic institutions—to those capable of self-government (not Native Americans or Mexicans) Idea God had determined America should stretch from East Coast to Pacific.

3. Reasons behind Manifest Destiny Population Increase Economic depressions—1818 and 1839 Abundance of cheap (or free) land in West. Expansion offered opportunities for new commerce. People began moving over new trails like Santa Fe Trail and Oregon Trail.

4. The results of Manifest Destiny….

7. Trail of Tears (1838-1839) Van Buren ordered 20,000 Cherokees removed west. Rounded them up into camps 2000 died in camps, 2000 on 800 mile journey from Georgia to Indian Territory. ¼ people died. Land they did get was inferior to land they had before.

8. The Trail of Broken Treaties (1851-Present) Treaty of Fort Laramie—gave Native Americans land payments, agreed to boundaries for Native American lands. Within years, white settlers were already violating. Only first of many broken treaties.

9. Mexican-American War It all starts with Texas. At first Mexicans encourage American settlement. Conflicts over cultural issues, including slavery Americans who live there a rebellious bunch—start to clamor for independence.

10. Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836

11. The Battle of the Alamo

12. Remember the Alamo!

13. Texas Declaration of Independence

14. The Republic of Texas

15. Victory in Texas Santa Anna forced to sign Treaty of Velasco—1836. Texas becomes independent. Americans wait ten years to annex Texas—because of issue of slavery and to avoid war with Mexico.

16. Other Foreign Policy Problems Tension with Britain—memories of previous wars, criticisms by Britain, creditor of US Conflicts over US helping Canadian rebels (Caroline incident) “Aroostook War” over Maine? compromise over boundaries. Conflicts over Oregon 49th or 54,40? More Americans living in territory than British Compromised at 49th parallel despite anger of expansionists.

17. Tyler and the annexation of Texas Tyler becomes president in 1841 after Harrison dies 4 mos. into presidency. A very unpopular president, seemed more a Democrat than a Whig (opposed bank and tariff) Tyler wanted to do something before he left office to appease the people. Made sense to annex Texas, plus threats from Britain and France. When Democratic Polk wins in 1844, Tyler takes that as a mandate to annex Texas. MEXICO ANGRY!

18. The Road to War Polk elected in 1844, many see as mandate for manifest destiny. Desire to acquire California—American settlers already living there. Conflicts with Mexico over American claims and boundary disputes.

19. The Slidell Mission: Nov., 1845

20. The Mexican War (1846-1848)

21. Divisions over War Southerners want war—will expand slavery Northerners oppose it for exact same reason --Anti-slavery groups take the lead

22. The Bear Flag Republic

23. The Bombardment of Vera Cruz

24. General Scott Enters Mexico City

25. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848

26. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848

27. Legacies of Mexican-American War “Small war”—not many lives lost Gained a ton of land (increased size of US by 1/3) Prepared military and soldiers for Civil War Led to Mexican resentment Rearoused issue of slavery which would lead to Civil War WILMOT PROVISO

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