crowdsourcing crop improvement
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Crowdsourcing crop improvement. Jacob van Etten. Issue. Climate change means farmers need to make their crops and cropping systems adapt to new conditions , quicker than ever before. Farmers rely on informal and formal seed systems to get access to seeds. Photo: P. Casier (CGIAR).

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Presentation Transcript
issue
Issue
  • Climate change means farmers need to make their crops and cropping systems adapt to new conditions, quicker than ever before.
  • Farmers rely on informal and formal seed systems to get access to seeds.

Photo: P. Casier (CGIAR).

seed system
Seed system

Almekinders et al.

issues to consider
Issues to consider
  • 50% or more of all land is still not under modern varieties →unrealistic to change this in a few decades
  • Push models (credit+seed+other inputs) are not successful in marginal areas and can be hijacked by suppliers
  • Resilient, climate smart seed system combine the best from formal and local seed systems (more on that)
  • How do we scale up experiences in local seed systems (participatory plant breeding and variety selection, community seed banks, seed fairs, etc.)?
resilience
Resilience
  • From “fail-safe” to “safe to fail” design.
resilience1
Resilience
  • Tight feed-back loops
  • Dynamic reorganization
  • Built-in countermechanisms
  • Decoupling, diversity, modularity
  • Simplicity
  • Swarming
  • Clustering +
  • _________________
  • Resilience
tight feed back loops1
Tight feed-back loops
  • Is information flowing back from farmers to seed producers, breeders, and genebanks?
  • Current model is mostly supply driven, with few opportunities for feed-back loops.
  • New ICTs provide opportunities for tighter feed-back to learn about demand, challenges farmers face, while getting impact at scale.
social learning
Social learning
  • Crowdsourcing is cheap social learning
  • Constant circulation of information shapes opportunities to detect new demands and developments – which should be investigated using in-depth (phone) interviews, focus groups, ethnography, etc.
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