Abusing prescription drugs
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Abusing Prescription Drugs. By: Cameron Hill. Thesis Statement.

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Abusing Prescription Drugs

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Abusing prescription drugs

Abusing Prescription Drugs

By: Cameron Hill


Thesis statement

Thesis Statement

  • Drug abuse is the taking of pharmaceutical medications that are not specifically prescribed to an individual, or not taking medications as directed. Despite the general public’s knowledge of medication usage, many are unaware of the harmful effects that may be fatal.


Common misconceptions

Common Misconceptions

  • -friends and family share prescription drugs but are unaware that they are abusing that medication, even if they take the drug to help with pain

  • -if certain prescription drugs are used improperly they can have critical consequences

  • -many people think that using prescription drugs is safer than using illicit drugs (marijuana, alcohol) because they are prescribed by a medical doctor

  • -prescription drugs can have short and long term effects if used improperly or if used by someone who they were not intended for


Most commonly abused prescriptions

Most commonly Abused Prescriptions

  • -opioids

  • -central nervous system depressants

  • -stimulants

  • -over the counter drugs (DXM)


Opioid s

Opioid's

  • -pain relievers

  • -medication that binds to an opioid receptor to treat multiple and diverse chronic conditions

  • -one of the major controversies dealing with opioids is the physiological addiction

  • -as availability of these medications increases abuse is a rising problem

  • -side effects: sedation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, physical dependence, tolerance, and respiratory depression


Opioid s chemical names

Opioid’s Chemical Names

  • -Chemical Names: Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet), Propoxyphene (Darvon), Hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet), Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) , Meperidine (Demerol) , Diphenoxylate (Lomotil),Morphine (Kadian, Avinza, MS Contin), Codeine, Fentanyl (Duragesic),Methadone

  • -Street Names: Hillbilly heroin, oxy, OC, oxycotton, percs, happy pills, vikes


Central nervous system depressants

Central Nervous System Depressants

  • -also known as sedatives or tranquilizers

  • -slow brain activity

  • -most commonly used for treating anxiety and sleep disorders

  • -Barbiturates: Mephobarbital (Mebaral), Sodium pentobarbital (Nembutal)

  • Street names: Barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets

  • -Benzodiazepines: Diazepam (Valium),Alprazolam (Xanax), Triazolam (Halcion), Estazolam (ProSom), Clonazepam (Klonopin), Lorazepam (Ativan), Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride (Librium)


Street names for central nervous system

Street Names for Central Nervous System

  • Candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks

  • -Sleep Medications: Zolpidem (Ambien), Zaleplon (Sonata), Eszopiclone (Lunesta)

  • Street names: A-minus, zombie pills

  • -continued use can lead to physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms

  • -“ Because all CNS depressants work by slowing the brain's activity, when an individual stops taking them, there can be a rebound effect, resulting in seizures or other harmful consequences


Stimulants

Stimulants

  • drugs that elevate mood, increase feelings of well-being, and increase energy and alertness.

  • -Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Adderall)

  • -Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)

  • -Street Names: Skippy, the smart drug, Vitamin R, bennies, black beauties, roses, hearts, speed, uppers

  • -stimulants are very strong and increase levels of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure, movement, and attention.


Stimulants contd

Stimulants Contd.

  • when used improperly or by someone that is not prescribed the stimulant, it can become highly addictive


The end

The End….


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